-ness  

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Kunstformen der Natur (1904) by Ernst Haeckel
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Kunstformen der Natur (1904) by Ernst Haeckel
  1. Appended to adjectives to form nouns meaning "the state of (the adjective)", "the quality of (the adjective)", or "the measure of (the adjective)".
    calmnesscalm
    darknessdark
    kindnesskind
    onenessone
  2. Appended to words of other parts of speech to form nouns (often nonce words or terms in philosophy) meaning the state/quality/measure of the idea represented by these words.
    thatnessthat
    treenesstree

Etymology

From Middle English -nes, -nesse, from Old English -nis, -nes, from Proto-Germanic *-nassuz. This suffix was formed already in Proto-Germanic by false division of the final consonant *-n- of the preceding stem + the actual suffix *-assuz. The latter was in turn derived from an earlier *-at(s)-tuz, from the verbal suffix *-at-janΔ… + the noun suffix *-ΓΎuz.

Cognates are Old Saxon -nissi, -nussi, Dutch -nis, German -nis and Gothic -πŒ°πƒπƒπŒΏπƒ (-assus), -πŒΉπŒ½πŒ°πƒπƒπŒΏπƒ (-inassus).

Synonyms

See also





Unless indicated otherwise, the text in this article is either based on Wikipedia article "-ness" or another language Wikipedia page thereof used under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License; or on research by Jahsonic and friends. See Art and Popular Culture's copyright notice.

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