1880s  

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Funeral March for the Obsequies of a Deaf Man (1884), a composition by Alphonse Allais. It consists of nine blank measures and predates comparable works by John Cage ("4′33″") by a considerable margin.
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Funeral March for the Obsequies of a Deaf Man (1884), a composition by Alphonse Allais. It consists of nine blank measures and predates comparable works by John Cage ("4′33″") by a considerable margin.
Isle of the Dead by Arnold Böcklin: "Basel" version, 1880
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Isle of the Dead by Arnold Böcklin: "Basel" version, 1880

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Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.
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Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.

The 1880s was a decade that began on January 1, 1880 and ended on December 31, 1889. They occurred at the core period of the Second Industrial Revolution. Most Western countries experienced a large economic boom, due to the mass production of railroads and other more convenient methods of travel. The modern city as well as the sky-scraper rose to prominence in this decade as well, contributing to the economic prosperity of the time. The 1880s were also part of the Gilded Age, which lasted from 1874 to 1907.

During the decade, Paris holds the Exposition Universelle with the Eiffel tower as main attraction. The Arts and Crafts movement is founded in England. Art Nouveau emerges. A group of French writers refer to themselves as decadents. The manifesto of the Symbolist movement is pubished. Peak popularity of music halls. Rise of Tin Pan Alley. Introduction of phonograph and cars. The Moulin Rouge opens its doors. Electric lighting is introduced. Jack the Ripper kills in London.

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Guillaume Apollinaire - James Joyce - Virginia Woolf - Edgar Varèse - Franz Kafka - Sax Rohmer - Mussolini - Lon Chaney, Sr. - José Ortega y Gasset - Gaston Bachelard - D.H. Lawrence - Sylvia Beach

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Unless indicated otherwise, the text in this article is either based on Wikipedia article "1880s" or another language Wikipedia page thereof used under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License; or on original research by Jahsonic and friends. See Art and Popular Culture's copyright notice.

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