1890s  

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The Kiss (1896) by  William Heise
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The Kiss (1896) by William Heise

"We stand at the threshold of an altogether new art - an art with forms which mean or represent nothing, recall nothing, yet which can stimulate our souls as deeply as only the tones of music have been able to." --The Beauty of Form and Decorative Art, 1897-98, August Endell, on abstract art


""Literature was drawn into the firing line of the times. Novels and plays not only became more outspoken, but sentences became more epigrammatic and thoughts more paradoxical. No one could say how the most innocent of sentences might explode in its last word, any more than one could prophesy what somersault one's favourite belief might take in its latest incarnation. Surprises lurked in the most surprising literary places as though to reflect and keep time with the reshuffling of habits and conventions. And just as modern literature has gained in brightness by the experience, so the adventure has familiarised us with the need of variety in personality and of wider margins of freedom for its expression."--The Eighteen Nineties (1913) by Holbrook Jackson


"Connected with the sexual psychopathy of M. Zola is the part played in him by the olfactory sensations. The predominance of the sense of smell and its connection with the sexual life is very striking among many degenerates."--Degeneration (1892) by Max Nordau


"Yes, there is no doubt about it, this is an age which has a liking for unsavoury conduct. Who, after all, are the idols of the youth of today? They are Baudelaire, Villiers de L'Isle-Adam, Verlaine: three men of talent admittedly, but a sadistic Bohemian, an alcoholic, and a murderous homosexual."The Goncourt Journal, Edmond de Goncourt, January 27, 1895


"The term 'Pataphysics appeared in print in Alfred Jarry's play text L'autoclète: guignol in the April 28, 1893 issue of L'Écho de Paris littéraire illustré."--Sholem Stein

 True portrait of Monsieur Ubu (1896) is a woodcut frontispiece for Ubu Roi. It represents Ubu, a fictional character from Jarry's eponymous play
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True portrait of Monsieur Ubu (1896) is a woodcut frontispiece for Ubu Roi. It represents Ubu, a fictional character from Jarry's eponymous play
 L'arrivée d'un train en gare de La Ciotat (The Arrival of a Train at La Ciotat Station is an 1895 French short black-and-white silent documentary film directed and produced by Auguste and Louis Lumière. It was first screened on December 28 1895 in Paris, France, and was shown to a paying audience January 6 1896.
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L'arrivée d'un train en gare de La Ciotat (The Arrival of a Train at La Ciotat Station is an 1895 French short black-and-white silent documentary film directed and produced by Auguste and Louis Lumière. It was first screened on December 28 1895 in Paris, France, and was shown to a paying audience January 6 1896.
The Anarchist (1892) by Félix Vallotton
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The Anarchist (1892) by Félix Vallotton

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The 1890s were sometimes referred to as the "Mauve Decade," because William Henry Perkin's aniline dye allowed the widespread use of that colour in fashion, and also as the "Gay Nineties", under the then-current usage of the word "gay" which referred simply to merriment and frivolity, with no connotation of homosexuality as in present-day usage. The phrase, "The Gay Nineties," was not coined until 1926.

Contents

General

Art

Literature


Music

Technology

  • phonograph (enjoys popularity)
  • telephone (enjoys popularity)
  • early commercial production of cars

Film

  • cinema (first paying audiences)
  • The Kiss (1896 )

It was in America that people were first induced to pay to watch -- in May 1895 in a store on Broadway. In Europe it was not until November 1895 in Berlin that a movie was shown in public.

The quality of the movies shown in New York and Berlin were extremely poor and used processes that had no lasting impact on movie technology. The "true" debut of the motion picture is therefore usually dated to December 28, 1895 in Paris, where at the Grand Cafe in Boulevard des Capucines the Lumière brothers had their first paying audience.

Theatre


Sociology

Births

literary

H.P. Lovecraft, Henry Miller, Walter Benjamin, Edogawa Rampo, Céline, Aldous Huxley, Paul Éluard, Antonin Artaud, André Breton, Louis Aragon, Georges Bataille, Bertolt Brecht, Vladimir Nabokov, Henri Michaux

Other

Erich Auerbach, Bruno Schulz, Josef von Sternberg, Jean Renoir, Alfred Kinsey, Mikhail Bakhtin, Max Horkheimer, Dziga Vertov, André Masson, Wilhelm Reich, Jean Epstein, Sergei Eisenstein, René Magritte, Herbert Marcuse, Tamara De Lempicka, Alfred Hitchcock

See also




Unless indicated otherwise, the text in this article is either based on Wikipedia article "1890s" or another language Wikipedia page thereof used under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License; or on research by Jahsonic and friends. See Art and Popular Culture's copyright notice.

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