1990s in music  

From The Art and Popular Culture Encyclopedia

Jump to: navigation, search

Related e

Wiki Commons

Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.
Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.

The three most important trends of popular music during the 1990s were the emergence of alternative rock to the mainstream , replacing hair metal by 1992; the teen pop phenomenon, and the beginning of hip hop's dominance over Top 40 radio. Dance music evolves throughout the decade. The popularity of house, techno and rave in the early part of the decade leads to the boom of the more commercial eurodance genre and eventually the huge popularity of trance in the late 1990s.


United States and Canada



  • The rise and demise of britpop, bands such as Blur and Oasis top the singles charts.

Hip hop

  • At the beginning of the 1990s, MC Hammer and Vanilla Ice make hip hop popular to the pop audience, and mark the beginning of hip hop's so far permanent place in pop music.
  • In 1999, during the peak of female rap, Foxy Brown's releases her sophomore album Chyna Doll which debuts at number one on the Billboard 200, the first album by a female rapper to do so.


  • The Eurodance wave has taken over Europe from 1991–1997. Many groups tried their luck in the music business but only 2 Unlimited managed to make a history out of it. From 1991–1996 they sold more than 30 million albums and 50 million compilations, and had many number 1 hits. They are one of the few eurodance acts which use instruments like electornic drums, bass guitar etc. Many other dance acts tried to copy their style but none of them reached 2 Unlimited's success. In 1994 the group mixed Eurodance with Hi-NRG (famous 80s style which was used by Divine, Sylvester James) for their Real Things! album. That made their style unique with the specific rhythm of eurodance and Hi-NRG. The album reached Number 1 in the UK charts only hours after it was released. 2 Unlimited were compared to ABBA in 1995 and some even thought that the duo will surpass the success of the famous disco group.
  • La Bouche and Haddaway are the others who left something in the music business but they couldn't reach the success of 2 Unlimited.
  • Other eurodance acts – Maxx, En-Rage, X-Pression, Le Click, Sin With Sebastian, Cappella, Anticappella, B.G. The Prince Of Rap, Afrika Bambaataa, Beat System, Black Box, Samira.


Latin America

  • In 1991, 21-year-old singer Luis Miguel rediscovers the bolero, echoing back to the trios of the 1950s with his album Romance. He becomes the biggest international Latin star until the late 1990s.
  • Surge of newfound interest in Spanish-language rock, led by bands like Soda Stereo or Maná which gained large international following during this period. Others would follow their footsteps.
  • In the mid-1990s, Mexican-American singer Selena would dominate Tex-Mex music until her murder in 1995.
  • By the late-1990s, Puerto Rico becomes a merengue stronghold, with acts such as Elvis Crespo, Olga Tanon, and Grupo Mania topping the charts throughout Latin America.
  • After Selena's death, young stars Shakira and Enrique Iglesias begin to rise into the top of the pop charts by the end of the decade.

Australia and New Zealand

See also

Unless indicated otherwise, the text in this article is either based on Wikipedia article "1990s in music" or another language Wikipedia page thereof used under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License; or on original research by Jahsonic and friends. See Art and Popular Culture's copyright notice.

Personal tools