1864  

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-[[Image:Melodrama by Daumier.jpg|thumb|200px|right|''At the Theater'' (The Melodrama) (c. [[1860]]-[[1864|64]]) - [[Honoré Daumier]]]]+{| class="toccolours" style="float: left; margin-left: 1em; margin-right: 2em; font-size: 85%; background:#c6dbf7; color:black; width:30em; max-width: 40%;" cellspacing="5"
-[[Image:Venus by Daumier.jpg|thumb|200px|right|''This Year, Venuses Again... Always Venuses!'' ([[1864]]) - [[Honoré Daumier]]]] +| style="text-align: left;" |
 +"[[I am a sick man. ... I am a spiteful man]]." --incipit to ''[[Notes from Underground]]'' (1864) by Fyodor Dostoevsky
 +|}[[Image:Melodrama by Daumier.jpg|thumb|200px|right|''At the Theater'' (The Melodrama) (c. [[1860]]-[[1864|64]]) - [[Honoré Daumier]]]]
 +[[Image:Venus by Daumier.jpg|thumb|200px|right|''[[This Year, Venuses Again... Always Venuses!]]'' (1864) by [[Honoré Daumier]]]]
{{Template}} {{Template}}
 +'''{{PAGENAME}}''' is a year of the [[1860s]].
== Art and culture == == Art and culture ==
*''[[Notes from Underground]]'' (1864) - Fyodor Dostoyevsky *''[[Notes from Underground]]'' (1864) - Fyodor Dostoyevsky
-*The 1864 edition of Webster's Dictionary published the first definition of [[pornography]] as ""licentious painting employed to decorate the walls of rooms sacred to bacchanalian orgies, examples of which exist in Pompeii." +* ''[[Dictionnaire érotique moderne]]'' by [[Alfred Delvau]]
-*[[Gustave Moreau]], Oedipus and the Sphinx; painting+* ''[[Monsieur Lecoq]]''
 +*The 1864 edition of [[Webster's Dictionary]] published the first definition of [[pornography]] as ""licentious painting employed to decorate the walls of rooms sacred to bacchanalian orgies, examples of which exist in [[Pompeii]]."
 +*[[Gustave Moreau]], [[Oedipus and the Sphinx (Moreau)|Oedipus and the Sphinx]]; painting
 +**''Oedipus and the Sphinx'', one of his first [[Symbolism (arts)|symbolist]] paintings, was exhibited at the [[Paris Salon]] of 1864.
*[[Charles Baudelaire]] meets [[Félicien Rops]] *[[Charles Baudelaire]] meets [[Félicien Rops]]
 +* ''[[Krischan mit der Piepe]]'' by Wilhelm Busch
==Births== ==Births==
*[[January 1]] - [[Alfred Stieglitz]], American photographer (d. [[1946]]) *[[January 1]] - [[Alfred Stieglitz]], American photographer (d. [[1946]])
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==Deaths== ==Deaths==
-*[[January 13]] - [[Stephen Foster]], American composer (b. [[1826]]) 
-*[[April 4]] - [[Joseph Pitty Couthouy]], American naval officer (b. [[1808]]) 
-*[[May 2]] - [[Giacomo Meyerbeer]], German composer (b. [[1791]]) 
-*[[May 9]] - [[John Sedgwick]], Union General, American Civil War (b. [[1813]]) 
-May 12- J.E.B. Stuart, Confederate Cavalry General, American Civil War 
*[[May 19]] - [[Nathaniel Hawthorne]], American author (b. [[1804]]) *[[May 19]] - [[Nathaniel Hawthorne]], American author (b. [[1804]])
-*[[June 1]] - [[Hong Xiuquan]], Chinese rebel (b. [[1812]]) 
-*[[June 14]] - [[Patrick Kelly (US Army officer)|Patrick Kelly]], US Army officer (in battle) 
-*[[June 15]] - [[William E. Jones]], Confederate general (in battle) (b. [[1824]]) 
-*[[September 3]] - [[Emil Nobel]], younger brother of [[Alfred Nobel]] (killed in an explosion) 
-*[[October 12]] - [[Roger Taney]], United States Supreme Court Justice (b. [[1777]]) 
-*[[November 6]] - [[Tuanku Imam Bonjol]], Indonesian religious and military leader (b. [[1772]]) 
-*[[November 30]] - [[John Adams (Confederate Army officer)|John Adams]], (Confederate Army officer (in battle) (born [[1825]]) 
-*[[December 1]] - [[William L. Dayton]] - United States Minister to France (b.[[1807]]) 
-*[[December 8]] - [[George Boole]], English mathematician and philosopher (b. Nov. 2 [[1815]]) 
-*[[December 21]] - [[Archduke Louis of Austria]] (born [[1784]]) 
{{GFDL}} {{GFDL}}

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"I am a sick man. ... I am a spiteful man." --incipit to Notes from Underground (1864) by Fyodor Dostoevsky

At the Theater (The Melodrama) (c. 1860-64) - Honoré Daumier
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At the Theater (The Melodrama) (c. 1860-64) - Honoré Daumier

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Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.
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Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.

1864 is a year of the 1860s.

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