1865  

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-[[Image:Olympia (1863) by Édouard Manet.jpg|thumb|right|200px|''[[Olympia (painting)|Olympia]]'' by [[Édouard Manet]], painted in [[1863]], it stirred an [[uproar]] when it was first exhibited at the [[1865]] [[Paris Salon]]. Today, it is considered as the start of [[modern art]].]]+[[Image:Le Ministère de la Marine by Charles Meryon.jpg|right|thumb|200px|''[[Le Ministère de la Marine]]'' ([[1865]]-[[1866]]) is a print by [[French etcher]] [[Charles Méryon]] depicting the marine ministry "attacked" by a charging flock of [[fantastic creature]]s.
 +]]
 +[[Image:Olympia (1863) by Édouard Manet.jpg|thumb|left|200px|''[[Olympia (Manet) |Olympia]]'' (detail) by [[Édouard Manet]] was a [[succès de scandale]] when it was first exhibited at the [[Paris Salon of 1865]]. Today, it is considered as the start of [[modern art]].]]
[[Image:Virgin of the Nile by Federico Faruffini.jpg|thumb|right|200px|''[[The Virgin of the Nile]]'' (1865) by [[Federico Faruffini]]]] [[Image:Virgin of the Nile by Federico Faruffini.jpg|thumb|right|200px|''[[The Virgin of the Nile]]'' (1865) by [[Federico Faruffini]]]]
 +[[Image:History of Caricature and Grotesque in Literature and Art.jpg|thumb|right|200px|''[[History of Caricature and Grotesque in Literature and Art]]'' by [[Thomas Wright (antiquarian)|Thomas Wright]], [[1865]]]]
 +
{{Template}} {{Template}}
 +'''{{PAGENAME}}''' is a year of the [[1860s]].
-== Art and culture ==+== Events ==
-*Paris Salon+*[[Paris Salon of 1865]] opens in May
 +==Art==
 +*[[Manet's Olympia]]
 +*[[Le Ministère de la Marine]] by Charles Meryon
 +*[[Proudhon and His Children]] by Gustave Courbet
 +*Rosine à sa toilette by Antoine Wiertz
-The hail of criticism included that of [[Jules Claretie]], who in L'Artiste in May 1865 identified Olympia as "a courtesan no doubt" (une courtisane sans doute.) A few days earlier, Le monde illustré used the epigraphic poem by Zacharie Astruc to sardonically brand this "auguste jeune fille," a courtesan. A French dictionary published in 1873 describes a courtesan as "toute femmes de mauvaise vie qui est au-dessus des simple prostituées." (All women of vice who are above the simple prostitutes.) Cited in Alan Krell, "The Fantasy of Olympia," Connoisseur 195 (August 1977), p. 298.+== Literature ==
 +===Fiction===
 +*[[Lewis Carroll]] - ''[[Alice's Adventures in Wonderland]]''
 +*[[Jules Verne]] - ''[[From the Earth to the Moon]]'' (''De la Terre à la Lune'')
 +*[[Wilhelm Busch]] - ''[[Max and Moritz|Max und Moritz]]''
 +===Non-fiction===
 +*''[[Introduction to the Study of Experimental Medicine]]'' by Claude Bernard
 +*''[[Geschichte des Materialismus]]'' by Friedrich Albert Lange
== Births == == Births ==
- +* [[Arthur Symons]]
==Deaths == ==Deaths ==
 +*[[Pierre-Joseph Proudhon]]
 +*[[Antoine Wiertz]]
{{GFDL}} {{GFDL}}

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Le Ministère de la Marine (1865-1866) is a print by French etcher Charles Méryon depicting the marine ministry "attacked" by a charging flock of fantastic creatures.
Enlarge
Le Ministère de la Marine (1865-1866) is a print by French etcher Charles Méryon depicting the marine ministry "attacked" by a charging flock of fantastic creatures.
Olympia (detail) by Édouard Manet was a succès de scandale when it was first exhibited at the Paris Salon of 1865. Today, it is considered as the start of modern art.
Enlarge
Olympia (detail) by Édouard Manet was a succès de scandale when it was first exhibited at the Paris Salon of 1865. Today, it is considered as the start of modern art.

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Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.
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Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.

1865 is a year of the 1860s.

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