Byzantium  

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- +'''Byzantium''' was an [[Ancient Greece|ancient Greek]] city, which was founded by [[Greeks|Greek]] colonists from [[Megara]] in 667 BC and named after their king [[Byzas]] or Byzantas (Βύζας or Βύζαντας in Greek). The name "Byzantium" is a [[Latinization]] of the original name '''Byzantion'''. The city is what later evolved to be the center of the [[Byzantine Empire]] (the Greek-speaking [[Roman Empire]] of [[late Antiquity]] and the [[Middle Ages]]) under the name of [[Constantinople]]. Constantinople fell to the Turkish [[Ottoman Empire]] in 1453. The name of the city was changed to [[Istanbul]] in 1930 following the establishment of modern [[Turkey]].
-# The ancient Greek city situated on the [[Bosporus]], named [[Constantinople]] in AD 330, and now known as [[Istanbul]].+==See also==
 +* [[Constantinople]] details the history of the city before the [[Fall of Constantinople|Turkish conquest of 1453]].
 +* [[Istanbul]] details the history of the city from 1453 on, and describes the modern city.
 +* [[Sarayburnu]] is the geographic location of ancient Byzantium.
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Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.
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Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.

Byzantium was an ancient Greek city, which was founded by Greek colonists from Megara in 667 BC and named after their king Byzas or Byzantas (Βύζας or Βύζαντας in Greek). The name "Byzantium" is a Latinization of the original name Byzantion. The city is what later evolved to be the center of the Byzantine Empire (the Greek-speaking Roman Empire of late Antiquity and the Middle Ages) under the name of Constantinople. Constantinople fell to the Turkish Ottoman Empire in 1453. The name of the city was changed to Istanbul in 1930 following the establishment of modern Turkey.

See also




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