Charade (1963 film)  

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-'''Stanley Donen''' (April 13, 1924 – February 21, 2019) was an American film director and choreographer whose most celebrated works are ''[[On the Town (film)|On the Town]]'' (1949) and ''[[Singin' in the Rain]]'' (1952), both of which starred [[Gene Kelly]] who co-directed. His other films include ''[[Royal Wedding]]'' (1951), ''[[Seven Brides for Seven Brothers]]'' (1954), ''[[Funny Face]]'' (1957), ''[[Indiscreet (1958 film)|Indiscreet]]'' (1958), and ''[[Charade (1963 film)|Charade]]'' (1963). He began his career in the chorus line on Broadway for director [[George Abbott]], where he befriended Kelly. From 1943, he was in Hollywood and worked as a choreographer before beginning to collaborate with Kelly. After ''On the Town'', Donen worked as a contract director for MGM under producer [[Arthur Freed]] producing critically well-received box-office hits. Donen and Kelly co-directed the musical ''Singin' in the Rain'', released in April 1952, which has appeared on lists of the best films ever made. Donen's relationship with Kelly deteriorated during their final collaboration, ''[[It's Always Fair Weather]]'' (1955). He then broke his contract with MGM to become an independent producer in 1957. He continued making films throughout the 1950s, 1960s and 1970s, often financial successes that gained positive attention. His film output became less frequent in the early 1980s and he briefly returned to the stage as a director in the 1990s and again in 2002.+'''''Charade''''' is a 1963 American [[romantic comedy]] [[mystery film]] directed by [[Stanley Donen]], written by [[Peter Stone]] and [[Marc Behm]], and starring [[Cary Grant]] and [[Audrey Hepburn]]. The cast also features [[Walter Matthau]], [[James Coburn]], [[George Kennedy]], Dominique Minot, [[Ned Glass]], and [[Jacques Marin]]. It spans three genres: [[suspense thriller]], [[romance films|romance]] and [[comedy films|comedy]]. Because [[Universal Pictures]] published the movie with an invalid [[copyright notice]], the film entered the [[List of films in the public domain in the United States|public domain in the United States]] immediately upon its release.
-Donen is credited with having transitioned Hollywood musical films from realistic [[Backstage musical|backstage dramas]] to a more integrated art form in which the songs were a natural continuation of the story. Before Donen and Kelly made their films, musicals – such as the extravagant and stylized work of [[Busby Berkeley]] – were often set in a Broadway stage environment where the musical numbers were part of a stage show. Donen and Kelly's films created a more cinematic form and included dances that could only be achieved in the film medium. Donen stated that what he was doing was a "direct continuation from the [[Fred Astaire|Astaire]] [[Ginger Rogers|Rogers]] musicals ... which in turn came from [[René Clair]] and from [[Ernst Lubitsch|Lubitsch]] ... What ''we'' did was not geared towards realism but towards the unreal."+The film is notable for its screenplay, especially the [[repartee]] between Grant and Hepburn, for having been filmed on location in [[Paris]], for [[Henry Mancini]]'s score and [[Charade (1963 song)|theme song]], and for the animated titles by [[Maurice Binder]]. ''Charade'' has received generally positive reviews from critics, and was additionally noted to contain influences of genres such as [[whodunit]], [[screwball comedy|screwball]] and [[spy thriller]]. It has also been referred to as "the best [[Alfred Hitchcock|Hitchcock]] movie that [[Hitchcockian|Hitchcock never made]]".
-Donen is highly respected by film historians; however his career is often compared to Kelly's, and there is debate over who deserves more credit for their collaborations. Donen and Kelly's relationship was complicated, both professionally and personally, but Donen's films as a solo director are generally better regarded by critics than Kelly's. French film critic [[Jean-Pierre Coursodon]] has said that Donen's contribution to the evolution of the Hollywood musical "outshines anybody else's, including [[Vincente Minnelli]]'s". [[David Quinlan (film critic)|David Quinlan]] called him "the King of the [[musical films|Hollywood musicals]]". Among his awards are an [[Honorary Academy Award]] in 1998 and a [[Golden Lion#Golden Lion – Honorary Award|Career Golden Lion]] from the [[Venice Film Festival]] in 2004. Donen married five times and had three children. Film director and comedian [[Elaine May]] was his partner from 1999 until his death in 2019. He was the last surviving notable director of Hollywood's [[Classical Hollywood cinema|Golden Age]].+==See also==
 +* [[List of American films of 1963]]
 +* ''[[The Truth About Charlie]]'', a 2002 remake of ''Charade''
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Charade is a 1963 American romantic comedy mystery film directed by Stanley Donen, written by Peter Stone and Marc Behm, and starring Cary Grant and Audrey Hepburn. The cast also features Walter Matthau, James Coburn, George Kennedy, Dominique Minot, Ned Glass, and Jacques Marin. It spans three genres: suspense thriller, romance and comedy. Because Universal Pictures published the movie with an invalid copyright notice, the film entered the public domain in the United States immediately upon its release.

The film is notable for its screenplay, especially the repartee between Grant and Hepburn, for having been filmed on location in Paris, for Henry Mancini's score and theme song, and for the animated titles by Maurice Binder. Charade has received generally positive reviews from critics, and was additionally noted to contain influences of genres such as whodunit, screwball and spy thriller. It has also been referred to as "the best Hitchcock movie that Hitchcock never made".

See also




Unless indicated otherwise, the text in this article is either based on Wikipedia article "Charade (1963 film)" or another language Wikipedia page thereof used under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License; or on original research by Jahsonic and friends. See Art and Popular Culture's copyright notice.

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