Chi (letter)  

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-In [[rhetoric]], '''chiasmus''' (from ''χιάζω'', ''chiázō'', "to shape like the letter [[chi (letter)|Χ]]") is the [[figure of speech]] in which two or more [[clause]]s are related to each other through a reversal of structures in order to make a larger point; that is, the clauses display inverted [[Parallelism (grammar)|parallelism]]. Chiasmus was particularly popular both in [[Greek language|Greek]] and in [[Latin]] literature, where it was used to articulate balance or order within a text. As a popular example, many long and complex chiasmi have been found in Shakespeare and the Greek and Hebrew texts of the [[Bible]]. 
-== Descriptive example == 
-''Fecerunt itaque ciuitates duas amores duo, terrenam scilicet amor '''sui''' usque ad contemptum '''Dei''', caelestem uero amor '''Dei''' usque ad contemptum '''sui'''.'' "Likewise, two cities have been formed by two loves, the worldly by the love of '''self''', even to the contempt of '''God''', the heavenly by the love of '''God''', even to the contempt of '''self'''." [[Augustine of Hippo|Augustine]], ''[[City of God (book)|City of God]]'', XIV.28 (AcBdAdBc) (parallelism with love & contempt, chiasmus with self and God). 
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-== See also == 
- 
-* [[Arch form]] 
-* [[Antanaclasis]] 
-* [[Antimetabole]] 
-* [[Chiastic structure]] 
-* [[Figure of speech]] 
-* [[Rhetoric]] 
-* [[Russian reversal]] 
-* [[Spoonerism]] 
-* [[Synchysis]] (the reverse of the chiasmus) 
-* [[Transpositional pun]] 
 +'''Chi''' ([[uppercase]] '''Χ''', [[lowercase]] '''χ'''; {{lang-el|χῖ}}) is the 22nd letter of the [[Greek alphabet]].
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Kunstformen der Natur (1904) by Ernst Haeckel
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Kunstformen der Natur (1904) by Ernst Haeckel

Chi (uppercase Χ, lowercase χ; Template:Lang-el) is the 22nd letter of the Greek alphabet.



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