Communist Party of Germany  

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-'''Georg Scholz''' (October 10, 1890 – November 27, 1945) was a [[Germany|German]] [[Realism (arts)|realist]] painter. 
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-Scholz was born in [[Wolfenbüttel]] and had his artistic training at the [[Karlsruhe]] Academy, where his teachers included [[Hans Thoma]] and [[Wilhelm Trübner]]. He later studied in Berlin under [[Lovis Corinth]]. After military service in [[World War I]] lasting from 1915 to 1918, he resumed painting, working in a style fusing [[Cubism|cubist]] and [[futurism (art)|futurist]] ideas. 
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-In 1919 Scholz became a member of the [[Communist Party of Germany]], and his work of the next few years is harshly critical of the social and economic order in postwar Germany. His ''Industrial Farmers'' of 1920 is an oil painting with collage that depicts a Bible-clutching farmer with money erupting from his forehead, seated next to his monstrous wife who cradles a piglet. Their subhuman son, his head open at the top to show that it is empty, is torturing a frog. Perhaps Scholz' best-known work, it is typical of the paintings he produced in the early 1920s, combining a very controlled, crisp execution with corrosive sarcasm. 
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-Scholz quickly became one of the leaders of the [[New Objectivity]], a group of artists who practiced a cynical form of realism. The most famous among this group are [[Max Beckmann]], [[George Grosz]] and [[Otto Dix]], and Scholz's work briefly vied with theirs for ferocity of attack. By 1925, however, his approach had softened into something closer to [[neoclassicism]], as seen in the ''Self-Portrait in front of an Advertising Column'' of 1926 and the ''Seated Nude with Plaster Bust'' of 1927. 
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-Appointed a professor at the Baden State Academy of Art in Karlsruhe in 1925, the students he taught included [[Rudolf Dischinger]]. Scholz began contributing in 1926 to the satirical magazine ''[[Simplicissimus]]'', and in 1928 he visited [[Paris]] where he especially appreciated the work of [[Pierre Bonnard|Bonnard]].  
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-With the rise to power of [[Adolf Hitler|Hitler]] and the [[National Socialist German Workers Party|National Socialists]] in 1933, Scholz was quickly dismissed from his teaching position. Declared a [[Degenerate Art]]ist, his works were among those seized in 1937 as part of a campaign by the [[Nazi]]s to "purify" German culture, and he was forbidden to paint in 1939. 
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-In 1945, the French [[military occupation|occupation]] forces appointed Scholz mayor of [[Waldkirch]], but he died that same year, in Waldkirch. 
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-==References== 
-* Michalski, Sergiusz (1994). ''New Objectivity''. Cologne: Benedikt Taschen. ISBN 3-8228-9650-0 
-* Schmied, Wieland (1978). ''Neue Sachlichkeit and German Realism of the Twenties''. London: Arts Council of Great Britain. ISBN 0-7287-0184-7 
 +The '''Communist Party of Germany''' ({{lang-de|Kommunistische Partei Deutschlands}}, {{lang|de|KPD}}) was a major political party in [[Germany]] between 1918 and 1933, and a minor party in [[West Germany]] in the postwar period until it was banned in 1956. In the 1920s it was called the "Spartacists", since it was formed from the [[Spartacus League]].
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Kunstformen der Natur (1904) by Ernst Haeckel
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Kunstformen der Natur (1904) by Ernst Haeckel

The Communist Party of Germany (Template:Lang-de, Template:Lang) was a major political party in Germany between 1918 and 1933, and a minor party in West Germany in the postwar period until it was banned in 1956. In the 1920s it was called the "Spartacists", since it was formed from the Spartacus League.



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