December 24  

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== Art and culture == == Art and culture ==
-*[[1888]] - [[Vincent Van Gogh]] cuts off his ear during some sort of [[seizure]]. 
*[[1906]] - [[Radio]]: [[Reginald Fessenden]] transmitted the first radio broadcast. The first program, consisted of a poetry reading, a violin solo, and a speech. *[[1906]] - [[Radio]]: [[Reginald Fessenden]] transmitted the first radio broadcast. The first program, consisted of a poetry reading, a violin solo, and a speech.
-*[[1914]] - [[World War I]]: The "[[Christmas truce]]" begins. 
-*[[1924]] - [[Albania]] becomes a republic. 
-*[[1929]] - Assassination attempt of Argentine President [[Hipólito Yrigoyen]]. 
-*[[1939]] - [[World War II]]: [[Pope Pius XII]] makes a Christmas Eve appeal for peace.  
-*[[1941]] - World War II: [[Hong Kong]] falls to the [[Japanese Imperial Army]].  
-* 1941 - World War II: [[Kuching]] is conquered by Japanese forces.  
-*[[1942]] - World War II: French monarchist, [[Fernand Bonnier de La Chapelle]], assassinates [[Vichy]] French Admiral [[François Darlan]] in [[Algiers]]  
-*[[1943]] - World War II: U.S. General [[Dwight D. Eisenhower]] becomes the [[Supreme Allied Commander]]. 
-*[[1946]] - [[France]]'s [[French Fourth Republic|Fourth Republic]] founded. 
-*[[1951]] - [[Libya]] becomes independent from [[Italy]]. [[Idris I of Libya|Idris I]] is proclaimed King of Libya. 
-*[[1953]] - [[Tangiwai disaster]]: A railway bridge collapse at [[Tangiwai]], [[New Zealand]] sends a fully loaded passenger train into the [[Whangaehu River]], killing 153 people. 
-* 1953 - [[NBC]]'s ''[[Dragnet (drama)|Dragnet]]'' becomes the first network-sponsored [[television]] program. 
-*[[1954]] - [[Laos]] becomes independent. 
-*[[1966]] - A [[Canadair]] [[CL-44]] chartered by the [[United States military]] crashes into a small village in [[South Vietnam]], killing 129. 
-*[[1968]] - The crew of the [[USS Pueblo (AGER-2)|USS ''Pueblo'']] is released by [[North Korea]] after being held for 11 months on suspicion of [[espionage|spying]]. 
-* 1968 - [[Apollo Program]]: The crew of [[Apollo 8|''Apollo 8'']] enter into orbit around the Moon, becoming the first humans to do so. They performed 10 lunar orbits and broadcast live TV pictures that became the famous [[Apollo 8 Genesis Reading|Christmas Eve Broadcast]], one of the most watched programs in history. 
-*[[1974]] - [[Cyclone Tracy]] devastates [[Darwin, Northern Territory|Darwin, Australia]].  
-*[[1979]] - The [[Soviet Union]] [[Soviet Invasion of Afghanistan|invades]] [[Afghanistan]] to support the country's Marxist government. 
-* 1979 - The first European [[Ariane (rocket)|Ariane]] rocket is launched. 
-*[[1987]] - [[Japan]]ese legendary [[rock band]] [[BOØWY]] declares their breakup at the [[Shibuya]] Kokaido. 
-*[[1997]] - The [[Sid El-Antri massacre]] (or Sidi Lamri) in [[Algeria]] kills 50-100 people. 
-* 1997 - The [[Dominican Republic]] becomes a member of the [[Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works|Berne Convention]] [[copyright]] [[treaty]]. 
-*[[2000]] - The [[Texas 7]] holds up a sports store in [[Irving, Texas]]. Police officer [[Aubrey Hawkins]] is shot during the robbery. 
-*[[2002]] - The [[New Delhi Metro]] opens.  
-*[[2003]] - The [[Spain|Spanish]] police thwart an attempt by [[ETA]] to detonate 50 kg of [[explosive]]s at 3:55 p.m. inside [[Madrid]]'s busy [[Chamartín Station]]. 
==Births== ==Births==
-<!--+*[[1491]] - [[Ignatius of Loyola]], founder of the Jesuits (d. [[1556]])
-Do not add people without Wikipedia articles to this list+
-Do not trust “this year in history” websites for accurate date information+
-Do not link multiple occurrences of the same year, just link the first occurrence.+
--->+
-*[[1166]] - King [[John of England]] (d. [[1216]])+
-*[[1389]] - [[John VI, Duke of Brittany]] (d. [[1442]])+
-*[[1475]] - [[Thomas Murner]], German writer (d.c. [[1537]])+
-*[[1491]] - [[Ignatius Loyola|Ignatius of Loyola]], Spanish founder of the Jesuit order (d. [[1556]])+
-*[[1508]] - [[Pietro Carnesecchi]], Italian humanist (d. [[1567]])+
-*[[1588]] - [[Constance of Austria]], queen of Poland (d. [[1631]])+
-*[[1609]] - [[Philip Warwick]], English writer and politician (d. [[1683]])+
-*[[1635]] - [[Mariana of Austria]], second wife of king Philip IV of Spain (d. [[1696]])+
-*[[1698]] - [[William Warburton]], English Bishop of Gloucester (d. [[1779]])+
-*[[1724]] - [[Johann Conrad Ammann]], Swiss physician and naturalist (d. [[1811]])+
-*[[1745]] - [[Benjamin Rush]], a Founding Father of the United States (d. [[1813]])+
-*[[1754]] - [[George Crabbe]], English poet and naturalist (d. [[1832]])+
-*[[1761]] - [[Jean-Louis Pons]], French astronomer (d. [[1831]])+
-*[[1798]] - [[Adam Mickiewicz]], Polish poet (d. [[1855]])+
-*[[1809]] - [[Kit Carson]], American frontiersman (d. [[1868]])+
-*[[1812]] - [[Karl Eduard Zachariae]], German jurist (d. [[1894]])+
-*[[1818]] - [[James Prescott Joule]], British physicist (d. [[1889]])+
*[[1822]] - [[Matthew Arnold]], English poet (d. [[1888]]) *[[1822]] - [[Matthew Arnold]], English poet (d. [[1888]])
-*[[1837]] - [[Elisabeth of Bavaria]] a.k.a [[Sissi]], Empress of Austria (d. [[1898]])+*[[1891]] - [[Feodor Stepanovich Rojankovsky]], Russian emigré illustrator (d. [[1970]])
-*[[1843]] - [[Lydia Koidula]], Estonian poet (d. [[1886]])+*[[1903]] - [[Joseph Cornell]], American artist (''Rose Hobart'') (d. [[1972]])
-*[[1845]] - King [[George I of Greece]] (d. [[1913]])+
-*[[1867]] - [[Kantaro Suzuki]], 42nd [[Prime Minister of Japan]] (d. [[1948]]) +
-*[[1868]] - [[Emanuel Lasker]], German chess player (d. [[1941]])+
-*[[1879]] - [[Alexandrine of Mecklenburg-Schwerin|Queen Alexandrine of Denmark]], Queen Consort to [[Christian X of Denmark|Christian X]] (d. [[1952]])+
-* 1879 - [[Émile Nelligan]], Quebec poet (d. [[1941]])+
-*[[1880]] - [[Johnny Gruelle]], American cartoonist, children's book writer and creator of [[Raggedy Ann]] (d. [[1939]])+
-*[[1881]] - [[Juan Ramón Jiménez]], Spanish writer, [[Nobel Prize in Literature|Nobel Prize]] laureate (d. [[1958]])+
-*[[1886]] - [[Michael Curtiz]], Hungarian-born director (d. [[1962]])+
-*[[1887]] - [[Louis Jouvet]], French actor and producer (d. [[1951]]) +
-*[[1893]] - [[Harry Warren]], American composer and lyricist ([[Chattanooga Choo Choo]] - [[I Only Have Eyes for You]]) (d. [[1981]])+
-*[[1894]] - [[Georges Guynemer]], French aviator (d. [[1917]])+
-*[[1895]] - [[E. Roland Harriman]], American financier (d. [[1978]])+
-*[[1898]] - [[Héctor Scarone]], Uruguayan footballer (d. [[1967]])+
-* 1898 - [[Baby Dodds]], American jazz drummer (d. [[1959]])+
-*[[1900]] - [[Joey Smallwood]], Canadian politician, Premier of Newfoundland (d. [[1991]])+
*[[1905]] - [[Howard Hughes]], American film producer and inventor (d. [[1976]]) *[[1905]] - [[Howard Hughes]], American film producer and inventor (d. [[1976]])
-*[[1906]] - [[Franz Waxman]], German film composer (d. [[1967]])+*[[1906]] - [[James Hadley Chase]], British author (d. [[1985]])
-*[[1910]] - [[Fritz Leiber]], American writer (d. [[1992]])+*[[1906]] - [[Wolfgang Kayser]], German literary theorist (The Grotesque in Art and Literature). (d. [[1960]])
-*[[1914]] - [[Ralph Marterie]], American trumpet player and big band leader (d. [[1978]])+*[[1913]] - [[Ad Reinhardt]], American artist (''Abstract Painting No. 5'') (d. [[1967]])
-* 1914 - [[Herbert Reinecker]], German writer+*[[1922]] - [[Ava Gardner]], American actress (d. 1990)
-*[[1917]] - [[Kim Jong-suk]], Wife of Kim Il-sung, mother of Kim Jung-Il, "The Heroine of the Anti-Japanese Revolution" (d. [[1949]])+*[[1923]] - [[David F. Friedman]], American filmmaker (d. 2011)
-*[[1920]] - [[Evgeniya Rudneva]], Russian World War II heroine (d. [[1944]])+*[[1931]] - [[Mauricio Kagel]], Argentine composer (d. 2008)
-*[[1922]] - [[Ava Gardner]], American actress (d. [[1990]])+*[[1931]] - [[Walter Abish]], American author
-*[[1923]] - [[George Patton IV]], American general (d. [[2004]])+*[[1932]] - [[On Kawara]], Japanese conceptual artist (d. 2014)
-* 1923 - [[Michael DiBiase]], American wrestler (d. [[1969]])+*[[1945]] - [[Lemmy]], British singer, bassist ([[Motörhead]]) (d. 2015)
-*[[1924]] - [[Lee Dorsey]], American singer (d. [[1986]])+*[[1946]] - [[Vittorio Giardino]], Italian comic artist (''Little Ego'')
-* 1924 - [[Grigory Kriss]], Russian Olympic champion fencer+*[[1948]] - [[Edwige Fenech]], French-born Italian actress and film producer
-*[[1925]] - [[Mohd. Rafi]], Indian actor and playback singer (d. [[1980]])+
-*[[1926]] - [[Paul Buissonneau]], French-born Quebec theatre director+
-*[[1929]] - [[Mary Higgins Clark]], American author+
-*[[1931]] - [[Mauricio Kagel]], Argentine composer+
-* 1931 - [[Ray Bryant]], American jazz pianist and composer+
-*[[1932]] - [[On Kawara]], Japanese conceptual artist+
-*[[1937]] - [[Félix Miéli Venerando]], Brazilian football player+
-*[[1938]] - [[Bobby Henrich]], American baseball player+
-* 1938 - [[Valentim Loureiro]], [[Portugal|Portuguese]] politician, and former football chairman of [[Boavista F.C.]] and ''[[Liga Portuguesa de Futebol Profissional]]'' +
-*[[1941]] - [[John Levene]], British actor+
-*[[1943]] - [[Tarja Halonen]], [[President of Finland]]+
-*[[1944]] - [[Daniel Johnson, Jr.]], Quebec politician, [[Premier of Quebec]]+
-* 1944 - [[Mike Curb]], American musician, record company executive and politician+
-* 1944 - [[Oswald Gracias]], [[Roman Catholic]] [[Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Bombay|Archbishop of Bombay]]+
-* 1944 - [[Barry Chuckle]], British comedian+
-*[[1945]] - [[Lemmy]], British singer, bassist ([[Motörhead]])+
-* 1945 - [[Nicholas Meyer]], American author+
-*[[1946]] - [[Brenda Howard]], American bisexual activist (d. [[2005]])+
-* 1946 - [[Jeff Sessions]], American politician+
-*[[1947]] - [[Kevin Sheedy (Australian footballer)|Kevin Sheedy]], coach of [[Australian Football League]] club [[Essendon FC]]+
-* 1948 - [[Frank Oliver (rugby player)|Frank Oliver]], New Zealand rugby player+
-*[[1949]] - [[Randy Neugebauer]], American politician+
-* 1949 - [[Warwick Brown]], Australian racing driver+
-*[[1950]] - [[Dana Gioia]], American poet +
-*[[1951]] - [[John D'Acquisto]], baseball player+
-*[[1953]] - [[François Loos]], French politician+
-* 1954 - [[José María Figueres]], Costa Rican politician+
-*[[1955]] - [[Grand L. Bush]], American actor+
-* 1955 - [[Clarence Gilyard]], American actor+
-*[[1957]] - [[Hamid Karzai]], [[President of Afghanistan]]+
-* 1957 - [[Diane Tell]], Quebec singer+
-*[[1958]] - [[Munetaka Higuchi]], Japanese drummer+
-*[[1959]] - [[Keith Deller]], English darts player+
-* 1959 - [[Anil Kapoor]], Indian actor+
-*[[1960]] - [[Glenn McQueen]], American animator+
-*[[1960]] - [[Carol Vorderman]], British television presenter+
-*[[1961]] - [[Ilham Aliyev]], President of Azerbaijan Republic+
-*[[1963]] - [[Mary Ramsey]], American singer ([[10,000 Maniacs]])+
-* 1963 - [[Caroline Aherne]], English comedienne, writer and actress+
-*[[1964]] - [[Mark Valley]], American actor+
-*[[1966]] - [[Diedrich Bader]], American actor+
-*[[1967]] - [[Mikhail Shchennikov]], Russian race walker+
-*[[1968]] - [[Doyle Bramhall II]], American guitarist+
-*[[1969]] - [[Mark Millar]], Scottish comic book writer+
-*[[1970]] - [[Amaury Nolasco]], American actor+
-* 1970 - [[Will Oldham]], American singer and songwriter+
-*[[1971]] - [[Christopher Daniels]], American professional wrestler+
-* 1971 - [[Ricky Martin]], Puerto Rican singer+
-* 1971 - [[Giorgos Alkaios]], Greek singer+
-*[[1972]] - [[Alvaro Mesen]], Costa Rican footballer+
-*[[1973]] - [[Eddie Pope]], American soccer player+
-*[[1973]] - [[Stephenie Meyer]], Author+
-*[[1974]] - [[Marcelo Salas]], Chilean footballer+
-* 1974 - [[Ryan Seacrest]], American television host+
-*[[1978]] - [[Yıldıray Baştürk]], Turkish footballer+
-*[[1979]] - [[Chris Hero]], American professional wrestler+
-*[[1980]] - [[Tomas Kalnoky]], American musician ([[Streetlight Manifesto]]) +
-*[[1981]] - [[Dima Bilan]], Karachay-Russian pop artist+
-*[[1982]] - [[Aiba Masaki]], Japanese singer and actor+
-*[[1985]] - [[David Ragan]], American race car driver+
-*[[1986]] - [[Edward Southall]], English composer+
-* 1986 - [[Riyo Mori]], Miss Universe 2007 from Japan+
-* 1987 - Thomas Coner, Lion Tamer+
-<!--+
-Do not add people without Wikipedia articles to this list+
-Do not trust “this year in history” websites for accurate date information+
-Do not link multiple occurrences of the same year, just link the first occurrence.+
--->+
==Deaths== ==Deaths==
-* [[427]] - [[Archbishop Sisinnius I of Constantinople]] 
-* [[820]] - [[Leo V the Armenian|Leo V]], [[Byzantine Emperor]] (assassinated) (b. [[775]]) 
-*[[1257]] - [[John I, Count of Hainaut]] (b. [[1218]]) 
-*[[1453]] - [[John Dunstaple]], English composer (bc. [[1390]]) 
*[[1524]] - [[Vasco da Gama]], Portuguese explorer (bc. [[1469]]) *[[1524]] - [[Vasco da Gama]], Portuguese explorer (bc. [[1469]])
-*[[1660]] - [[Mary, Princess Royal and Princess of Orange]] (b. [[1631]]) 
-*[[1707]] - [[Noël Coypel]], French painter (b. [[1628]]) 
-*[[1813]] - [[Empress Go-Sakuramachi of Japan]] (b. [[1740]]) 
*[[1863]] - [[William Makepeace Thackeray]], English writer (b. [[1811]]) *[[1863]] - [[William Makepeace Thackeray]], English writer (b. [[1811]])
-*[[1865]] - Sir [[Charles Lock Eastlake]], English painter and writer (b. [[1793]]) 
-*[[1868]] - [[Adolphe d'Archiac]], French paleontologist and geologist (b. [[1802]]) 
-*[[1872]] - [[William John Macquorn Rankine]], Scotish physician and engenier (b. [[1820]]) 
-*[[1873]] - [[Johns Hopkins]], Baltimore philanthropist and businessman (b. [[1795]])  
-*[[1889]] - [[Jan Jakob Lodewijk ten Kate]], Dutch poet and clergyman (b. [[1819]]) 
-*[[1898]] - [[Sharbel Makhluf]], Lebanese monk canonized in 1977 by Pope Paul VI (b. [[1828]]) 
-*[[1914]] - [[John Muir]], Scottish-born naturalist (b. [[1838]]) 
*[[1935]] - [[Alban Berg]], Austrian composer (b. [[1885]]) *[[1935]] - [[Alban Berg]], Austrian composer (b. [[1885]])
*[[1938]] - [[Bruno Taut]], German architect (b. [[1880]]) *[[1938]] - [[Bruno Taut]], German architect (b. [[1880]])
-*[[1941]] - [[Siegfried Alkan]], German composer (b. [[1858]]) 
-*[[1942]] - [[François Darlan]], vice-premier of Vichy France (b. [[1881]]) 
-*[[1957]] - [[Norma Talmadge]], American actress (b. [[1893]]) 
-*[[1965]] - [[William M. Branham]], Christian minister (b. [[1906]]) 
-*[[1972]] - [[Gisela Richter]], English art historian (b. [[1882]]) 
-* 1972 - [[Melville Ruick]], American actor (b. [[1898]]) 
*[[1975]] - [[Bernard Herrmann]], American film composer (b. [[1911]]) *[[1975]] - [[Bernard Herrmann]], American film composer (b. [[1911]])
-*[[1976]] - [[Duarte Nuno, Duke of Braganza]], heir to the throne of [[Portugal]] (b. [[1907]]) 
-*[[1977]] - [[Samael Aun Weor]], Columbian writer (b. [[1917]]) 
-*[[1980]] - [[Karl Dönitz]], [[President of Germany]] (b. [[1891]]) 
-* 1980 - [[Siggie Nordstrom]], model, actress, entertainer, socialite and lead singer of The [[Nordstrom Sisters]] (b. [[1893]]) 
*[[1982]] - [[Louis Aragon]], French writer (b. [[1897]]) *[[1982]] - [[Louis Aragon]], French writer (b. [[1897]])
-*[[1984]] - [[Peter Lawford]], English actor (b. [[1923]])+*[[1994]] - [[John Osborne]], English playwright (''Look Back in Anger'') (b. [[1929]])
-*[[1985]] - [[Robert Todd Lincoln Beckwith]], Last Lincoln descendant (b. [[1904]])+
-*[[1986]] - [[Gardner Fox]], American writer (b. [[1911]])+
-*[[1987]] - [[Joop den Uyl]], [[Prime Minister of the Netherlands]] (b. [[1919]])+
-* 1987 - [[M. G. Ramachandran]], [[List of Chief Ministers of Tamil Nadu|Chief Minister of the Tamil Nadu]] (b. [[1917]])+
-*[[1990]] - [[Thorbjørn Egner]], Norwegian author (b. [[1922]])+
-*[[1992]] - [[Peyo]], Belgian comics artist, and creator of [[The Smurfs]] (b. [[1928]])+
-* 1992 - [[Bobby LaKind]], American musician and singer ([[The Doobie Brothers]]) (b. [[1945]])+
-*[[1993]] - [[Norman Vincent Peale]], American writer (b. [[1898]])+
-*[[1994]] - [[John Boswell]], American historian (b. [[1947]])+
-* 1994 - [[Rossano Brazzi]], Italian actor and singer (b. [[1916]])+
-*[[1997]] - [[Toshiro Mifune|Toshirô Mifune]], Japanese actor (b. [[1920]])+
-* 1997 - [[Pierre Péladeau]], Quebec businessman, founder of [[Quebecor]] (b. [[1925]])+
-*[[1999]] - [[João Baptista de Oliveira Figueiredo]], [[President of Brazil]] (b. [[1918]])+
-* 1999 - [[Maurice Couve de Murville]], French politician, Prime minister of France (b. [[1907]])+
-* 1999 - [[Bill Bowerman]], American track and field coach+
-*[[2000]] - [[Nick Massi]], American singer ([[The Four Seasons (group)|The Four Seasons]]) (b. [[1935]])+
-*[[2002]] - [[Kjell Aukrust]], Norwegian author (b. [[1920]])+
-* 2002 - [[Laci Peterson]], American murder victim (b. [[1975]])+
-*[[2004]] - [[Johnny Oates]], baseball player and manager (b. [[1946]])+
-*[[2005]] - [[Michael Vale]], [[United States|American]] commercial actor (b. [[1922]])+
-*[[2006]] - [[Braguinha (composer)|"Braguinha"]], Brazilian songwriter (b. [[1907]])+
-* 2006 - [[Kenneth Sivertsen]], Norwegian singer, poet and comedian (b. [[1961]])+
-* 2006 - [[Frank Stanton]], American television executive (b. [[1908]])+
-== Notes ==+
-#+
-# David F. Friedman+
-# Ignatius of Loyola+
-# Mauricio Kagel+
-# Ava Gardner+
-# Louis Aragon+
-# Joseph Cornell+
-# James Hadley Chase+
-# Wolfgang Kayser+
-# Edwige Fenech+
-# Bernard Herrmann+
-# Ad Reinhardt+
-# Vittorio Giardino+
-# William Makepeace Thackeray+
-# Reginald Fessenden+
-# Walter Abish+
-# John Osborne+
-# Feodor Stepanovich Rojankovsky+
-# Bruno Taut+
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Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.
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Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.

Art and culture

  • 1906 - Radio: Reginald Fessenden transmitted the first radio broadcast. The first program, consisted of a poetry reading, a violin solo, and a speech.

Births

Deaths




Unless indicated otherwise, the text in this article is either based on Wikipedia article "December 24" or another language Wikipedia page thereof used under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License; or on original research by Jahsonic and friends. See Art and Popular Culture's copyright notice.

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