Frankincense  

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-'''''Boswellia sacra''''' (commonly known as '''frankincense''' or '''olibanum-tree''') is a tree in the [[Burseraceae]] family. It is the primary tree in the genus ''[[Boswellia]]'' from which [[frankincense]], a [[resin]]ous dried sap, is harvested. It is native to the [[Arabian Peninsula]] ([[Oman]], [[Yemen]]), and northeastern [[Africa]] ([[Somalia]]).+'''Frankincense''' (also known as '''olibanum''', {{lang-he|לבונה}} {{IPA-he|levona|}}, {{lang-ar|اللبان}} ''al-libān'' or {{lang-ar|البخور}} ''al-bakhūr'') is an [[Aroma compound|aromatic]] [[resin]] used in [[incense]] and [[perfume]]s, obtained from trees of the genus ''[[Boswellia]]'' in the [[family (biology)|family]] [[Burseraceae]], particularly ''[[Boswellia sacra]]'' ([[synonym (taxonomy)|syn.]] ''B. bhaw-dajiana''), ''[[Boswellia carterii|B. carterii]]'', ''[[Boswellia frereana|B. frereana]]'', ''[[Boswellia serrata|B. serrata]]'' (''B. thurifera'', Indian frankincense), and ''[[Boswellia papyrifera|B. papyrifera]]''. The word is from [[Old French]] {{lang|fro|franc encens}} ("high-quality incense").
- +
-==Threats==+
-Recent studies have indicated that frankincense tree populations are declining due to [[overexploitation]]. Heavily tapped trees have been found to produce seeds that germinate at only 16% while seeds of trees that had not been tapped germinate at more than 80%.+
- +
-Animals in Oman often [[browsing (herbivory)|browse]] on the tree's foliage, flowers, and [[seedling]]s, resulting in scant [[regeneration (biology)|regeneration]]; the mature trees that remain are apparently dying.+
 +==See also==
 +* [[Desi Sangye Gyatso]]
 +* [[Elemi]], tree
 +* [[Frankincense Trail]], Oman
 +* [[Incense Route]], a large network around the Mediterranean and beyond
 +* [[Myrrh]]
 +* [[Nabataeans]]
 +* [[Bursera graveolens|''Palo santo'']], tree
 +* [[Pliny the Elder]]
 +* [[Theophrastus]]
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Frankincense (also known as olibanum, Template:Lang-he Template:IPA-he, Template:Lang-ar al-libān or Template:Lang-ar al-bakhūr) is an aromatic resin used in incense and perfumes, obtained from trees of the genus Boswellia in the family Burseraceae, particularly Boswellia sacra (syn. B. bhaw-dajiana), B. carterii, B. frereana, B. serrata (B. thurifera, Indian frankincense), and B. papyrifera. The word is from Old French Template:Lang ("high-quality incense").

See also




Unless indicated otherwise, the text in this article is either based on Wikipedia article "Frankincense" or another language Wikipedia page thereof used under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License; or on original research by Jahsonic and friends. See Art and Popular Culture's copyright notice.

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