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-'''''Boswellia sacra''''' (commonly known as '''frankincense''' or '''olibanum-tree''') is a tree in the [[Burseraceae]] family. It is the primary tree in the genus ''[[Boswellia]]'' from which [[frankincense]], a [[resin]]ous dried sap, is harvested. It is native to the [[Arabian Peninsula]] ([[Oman]], [[Yemen]]), and northeastern [[Africa]] ([[Somalia]]).+'''Frankincense''' (also known as '''olibanum''', {{lang-he|לבונה}} {{IPA-he|levona|}}, {{lang-ar|اللبان}} ''al-libān'' or {{lang-ar|البخور}} ''al-bakhūr'') is an [[Aroma compound|aromatic]] [[resin]] used in [[incense]] and [[perfume]]s, obtained from trees of the genus ''[[Boswellia]]'' in the [[family (biology)|family]] [[Burseraceae]], particularly ''[[Boswellia sacra]]'' ([[synonym (taxonomy)|syn.]] ''B. bhaw-dajiana''), ''[[Boswellia carterii|B. carterii]]'', ''[[Boswellia frereana|B. frereana]]'', ''[[Boswellia serrata|B. serrata]]'' (''B. thurifera'', Indian frankincense), and ''[[Boswellia papyrifera|B. papyrifera]]''. The word is from [[Old French]] {{lang|fro|franc encens}} ("high-quality incense").
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-Recent studies have indicated that frankincense tree populations are declining due to [[overexploitation]]. Heavily tapped trees have been found to produce seeds that germinate at only 16% while seeds of trees that had not been tapped germinate at more than 80%.+
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-Animals in Oman often [[browsing (herbivory)|browse]] on the tree's foliage, flowers, and [[seedling]]s, resulting in scant [[regeneration (biology)|regeneration]]; the mature trees that remain are apparently dying.+
 +==See also==
 +* [[Desi Sangye Gyatso]]
 +* [[Elemi]], tree
 +* [[Frankincense Trail]], Oman
 +* [[Incense Route]], a large network around the Mediterranean and beyond
 +* [[Myrrh]]
 +* [[Nabataeans]]
 +* [[Bursera graveolens|''Palo santo'']], tree
 +* [[Pliny the Elder]]
 +* [[Theophrastus]]
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Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.
Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.

Frankincense (also known as olibanum, Template:Lang-he Template:IPA-he, Template:Lang-ar al-libān or Template:Lang-ar al-bakhūr) is an aromatic resin used in incense and perfumes, obtained from trees of the genus Boswellia in the family Burseraceae, particularly Boswellia sacra (syn. B. bhaw-dajiana), B. carterii, B. frereana, B. serrata (B. thurifera, Indian frankincense), and B. papyrifera. The word is from Old French Template:Lang ("high-quality incense").

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