Freikorps  

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-'''Klaus Theweleit''' (born 1942 in [[Ebenrode]], [[East Prussia]] — now [[Nesterow]], [[Russia]]) is a [[Germany|German]] [[Sociology|sociologist]] and [[writer]]. +'''''Freikorps''''' ({{lang-en|Free Corps}}) are [[Germans|German]] volunteer military or [[paramilitary]] units. The term was originally applied to voluntary armies formed in German lands from the middle of the 18th century onwards. Between [[World War I]] and [[World War II]] the term was also used for the paramilitary organizations that arose during the period of the [[Weimar Germany]]. Freikorps units fought both for and against the German state.
- +
-==Life==+
-Theweleit was born in East Prussia, the son of a [[railway company]] worker. He wrote the following about his father: "Above all he was a [[railroader]], wholeheartedly, as he used to say, and then a human being. He was a rather good [[human being]] and a good [[fascist]]. His [[Beating up|beating]]s which he gave away abundantly and [[brutality|brutally]] as it was usual in his time and with the best of intentions were the first lessons I received on fascism, a fact I only later fully discovered."+
- +
-Theweleit studied [[German studies]] and [[English studies]] in [[Kiel]] and [[Freiburg]]. From 1969-1972, he worked as a [[freelance]]r for a [[public radio]] station (Südwestfunk).+
- +
-He wrote his [[dissertation]] ''Freikorpsliteratur und der Körper des soldatischen Mannes'' about [[Freikorps]] narratives, a sub-[[literature]] produced by pre-fascist [[paramilitary|paramilitaries]] organized in [[Freikorps]], who, during the early [[Weimar republic]], had fought external or internal enemies. In academia only few historians had read and analysed this literature before Theweleit. His book ''Männerphantasien'' (1977); translated as ''Male Fantasies'' (1987), a study of the [[fascism|fascist]] consciousness in general and the bodily experience of these former soldiers in particular, easily detected in their hatefilled, near-illiterate books, was well received. Theweleit used [[Wilhelm Reich]], [[Gilles Deleuze]] and [[Félix Guattari]] for his basic theory, but also empirical research, especially of the leading German left-wing historian of Weimar unrest, his friend Erhard Lucas and he was always discussing his findings with his wife, who has professional clinical experience. Theweleit writes in an anti-academic, highly personal style.+
- +
-Theweleit lives in [[Freiburg]], he teaches in Germany, the [[US]], [[Switzerland]], and [[Austria]]. He was a lecturer at the Institute of Sociology at the [[University of Freiburg]] and lecturer at the film academy in [[Berlin]]. From 1998 until retirement he was a professor for "art and theory" at the Staatlichen Akademie für Bildende Künste, the [[art college]], at [[Karlsruhe]].+
- +
-== Select publications ==+
-===English===+
- +
-*''Male Fantasies''. Minneapolis: [[University of Minnesota Press]], 1987; Polity Press, 1987.+
-*''Object-Choice: (All You Need Is Love...: On Mating Strategies & A Fragment of a Freud Biography''. London ; New York: [[Verso]], 1994 (ISBN 0860916421)+
- +
-===German and English===+
-*''Antony Gormley: A Conversation with Klaus Theweleit and Monika Theweleit-Kubale = ein Gespräch mit Klaus Theweleit und Monika Theweleit-Kubale'' edited by Hans-Werner Schmidt, et al. Bielefeld : Kerber Verlag, 1999.+
- +
-==German==+
-* ''Männerphantasien,'' 2 Vols., Verlag Roter Stern/Stroemfeld, Frankfurt am Main/Basel 1977-1978. Various paperback editions, first with Rowohlt, Reinbek 1983–1994, then with DTV, Munich and now with Piper, Munich 2000.+
-* K.Th. with Martin Langbein: ''Bruch,'' Verlag Roter Stern/Stroemfeld 1980. Only sold together with the German edition of [[Art Spiegelman]]'s: ''Breakdowns.'' Also sold with the recent re-edition.+
-* '''Buch der Könige,''' Stroemfeld 1988–2003.+
-** Vol. 1, ''Buch der Könige. Orpheus und Euridike'', Stroemfeld 1988.+
-*** Vol. 2 '' Buch der Könige'' in 2 books (''2x, 2y''), Stroemfeld 1994 (sold together):+
-** ''Buch der Könige 2x. Orpheus am Machtpol'', Stroemfeld 1994.+
-** ''Buch der Könige 2y. Recording Angel's Mysteries'', Stroemfeld 1994.+
-* ''Objektwahl. All You Need Is Love. Über Paarbildungsstrategien & Bruchstücke einer Freudbiographie,'' Stroemfeld 1990.+
-* ''[[One Plus One]]. Rede für [[Jean-Luc Godard]] zur Verleihung des [[Theodor W. Adorno]] Preises an J.-L. Godard'', Brinkmann u. Bose, Berlin 1995. ISBN 3-922660-65-7+
-* '' Das Land das Ausland heißt. Essays, Reden, Interviews zu Politik und Kunst'', DTV, Munich 1995.+
-* ''[[Heiner Müller]]. Traumtext'', Stroemfeld 1996. ISBN 3-87877-579-2+
-* ''Ghosts. Drei leicht inkorrekte Vorträge,'' Stroemfeld 1998.+
-* '''Der Pocahontas Komplex,''' Stroemfeld 1999.+
-** Vol. 1: ''Pocahontas in Wonderland. Shakespeare on Tour'', Stroemfeld 1999, ISBN 3-87877-751-5+
-** Vol. 4: ''"you give me fever". Arno Schmidt. Seelandschaften mit Pocahontas. Die Sexualität schreiben nach WW II'', Stroemfeld 1999. ISBN 3-87877-754-X+
-* ''Der Knall. 11. September, das Verschwinden der Realität und ein Kriegsmodell'', Stroemfeld 2002. ISBN 3-87877-870-8+
-* ''Deutschlandfilme. Godard, Hitchcock, Pasolini. Filmdenken & Gewalt'', Stroemfeld 2003, ISBN 3-87877-827-9+
-* ''Tor zur Welt. [[Soccer|Fußball]] als Realitätsmodell,'' Kiepenheuer & Witsch, Cologne 2004. ISBN 3-462-03393-X+
-* ''Friendly Fire. Deadline Texte,'' Stroemfeld 2005.+
-* ''Übertragung, Gegenübertragung, Dritter Körper. Zur Gehirnveränderung durch die Medien,'' (=''International [[Vilém Flusser|Flusser]] Lectures''), Verlag der Buchhandlung Walther König, Cologne, 2007.+
-* ''Jimi Hendrix: Eine Biographie'', Rowohlt, Berlin, Germany, 2010.+
-==Audio CDs== 
-* ''Das [[Red Army Faction|RAF]] –Gespenst,'' 2 CDs, Cologne, 2001. 
-* ''Extasen der Zeitenmischung. Geschichtsdarstellung in der Kunst,'' 2 CDs, Cologne, 2001. 
 +==See also==
 +*[[Freikorps in the Baltic]]
 +*[[Battle of Annaberg]] May 1921
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Freikorps (Template:Lang-en) are German volunteer military or paramilitary units. The term was originally applied to voluntary armies formed in German lands from the middle of the 18th century onwards. Between World War I and World War II the term was also used for the paramilitary organizations that arose during the period of the Weimar Germany. Freikorps units fought both for and against the German state.


See also




Unless indicated otherwise, the text in this article is either based on Wikipedia article "Freikorps" or another language Wikipedia page thereof used under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License; or on original research by Jahsonic and friends. See Art and Popular Culture's copyright notice.

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