Happy few  

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-[[Image:Clément Marot.jpg|thumb|right|200px|''[[Blazon of the Ugly Tit]]'' ([[1535]]) by [[Clément Marot]]]] 
{{Template}} {{Template}}
-Literature in the [[16th century]] was still the [[province]] of a [[happy few]]. Important books include ''[[Gargantua and Pantagruel]]'' by Rabelais and ''[[Heptameron]]'' by the [[Queen of Navarre]].+:''[[elitism]]''
-==New books==+We few, we happy few, we band of brothers;
-:[[1501]] - ''The Book of [[Margery Kempe]]'' (posthumous)+
-:[[1503]] - ''[[The Thrissill and the Rois]]'' - [[William Dunbar]]+
-:[[1505]] - ''[[The Passtyme of Pleasure]]'' and ''[[The Temple of Glass]]'' - [[Stephen Hawes]]+
-:[[1508]] - ''[[The Goldyn Targe]]'' - [[William Dunbar]]+
-:[[1509]] - ''[[In Praise of Folly]]'' - [[Erasmus]]+
-:[[1512]] - ''[[Fulgens and Lucrece]]'' - [[Henry Medwall]]+
-:[[1513]] - First translation of [[Virgil|Virgil's]] ''[[Aeneid]]'' into [[English language]] (Scots dialect) by [[Gavin Douglas]]+
-:1514-15 - ''Sofonisba'' - [[Gian Giorgio Trissino]]+
-:[[1515]] - '' The New Chronicles of England and France'' by Robert Fabyan+
-: about [[1516]] - ''[[Utopia (Novel)|Utopia]]'' by [[Thomas More]]+
-:[[1517]] - [[Francysk Skaryna]]'s [[Bible translation]] and printing+
-:[[1526]] - [[William Tyndale]]'s [[Bible translation]]+
-:[[1527]] - ''Historia Scotorum'' - [[Hector Boece]]+
-:[[1531]] - ''De trinitatis erroribus ("On the Errors of the Trinity")'' - [[Michael Servetus]]+
- +
-[[1532]]+
-:*[[Niccolò Machiavelli]] - ''[[The Prince]]''+
-:*[[François Rabelais]] - ''[[Gargantua and Pantagruel|Pantagruel]]''+
- +
-:[[1534]] - [[Martin Luther]]'s [[Bible translation]]+
-:[[1535]] - ''[[Huon of Bordeaux]]'' - [[John Bourchier, 2nd Baron Berners]]+
-:[[1538]] - ''Les Angoisses douloureuses qui procèdent d'amours'' - [[Hélisenne de Crenne]]+
-:[[1539]] - ''The Castel of Helth'' - Sir [[Thomas Elyot]]+
-:[[1540]] - ''Historia Scotorum'' of [[Hector Boece]], translated into vernacular Scots by [[John Bellenden]] at the special request of [[James V of Scotland]]+
-:[[1541]] - ''Baptistes'' and ''Jephtha'' - [[George Buchanan (humanist)|George Buchanan]]+
-:[[1542]] - ''The Union of the Two Noble and Illustrate Famelies of Lancastre & Yorke'' - [[Edward Hall]]+
- +
-:[[1543]]+
-*''[[De humani corporis fabrica|De humani corporis fabrica libri septem]]'' ''(On the Fabric of the Human body in Seven Books)'' – [[Vesalius|Andreas Vesalius]]+
-*''[[De revolutionibus orbium coelestium]]'' ''(On the Revolution of the Heavenly Spheres)'' – [[Nicolaus Copernicus]]+
- +
-:[[1545]]+
-*''Toxophilus'' - [[Roger Ascham]]+
- +
-:[[1547]]+
-*''The Simple Words of Catechism'' - [[Martynas Mažvydas]] (first printed book in Lithuanian language)+
- +
-:[[1549]]+
-*''Johannes der Täufer (St. John Baptist)'' - [[Johannes Aal]]+
- +
-:[[1552]] - ''[[Libellus de Medicinalibus Indorum Herbis]] (Little Book of the Medicinal Herbs of the Indians)'', composed in [[Nahuatl language|Nahuatl]] by [[Martín de la Cruz]] and translated into [[Latin language|Latin]] by [[Juan Badiano]].+
- +
-:[[1553]]+
-*(about 1553) – ''[[Gammer Gurton's Needle]]'' and ''[[Ralph Roister Doister]]'', the first comedies written in the [[English language]]+
- +
-:[[1558]]+
-*''[[Heptameron]]'' by Marguerite de Navarre+
- +
-:[[1559]]+
-*The [[Elizabeth I of England|Elizabethan]] version of the [[Book of Common Prayer]] of the [[Church of England]], which remained in use until the mid-17th century and was the first English Prayer Book in America.+
-*[[Jorge de Montemayor]] - ''Diana''+
- +
-:[[1560]]+
-*''[[Geneva Bible]]'' - [[William Whittingham]], [[Anthony Gilby]], [[Thomas Sampson]]+
-*''Jules César'' - [[Jacques Grévin]]+
- +
-:[[1562]]+
-*''Bullein's Bulwarke of Defence againste all Sicknes, Sornes, and Woundes'' - [[William Bullein]]+
- +
-:[[1563]]+
-*''[[Foxe's Book of Martyrs]]'' - [[John Foxe]]+
-:[[1576]]+
-*''[[Six livres de la République]]'' - [[Jean Boudin]]+
- +
-:[[1577]]+
-*''The Chronicles of England, Scotland and Irelande'' - [[Raphael Holinshed]]+
-*''The History of Travayle in the West and East Indies'' - [[Richard Eden]]+
- +
-:[[1578]]+
-*''A True Discourse of the Late Voyages of Discoverie…under the Conduct of [[Martin Frobisher]]'' - [[George Best (author)|George Best]]+
-*''Euphues: the Anatomy of Wit'' - [[John Lyly]]+
-*''First Fruits'' - [[John Florio]]+
-*''Smithus, vel Musarum lachrymae'' - [[Gabriel Harvey]]+
- +
-:[[1579]]+
-*''Honest Excuses'' - [[Thomas Lodge]]+
-*''The Schoole of Abuse'' - [[Stephen Gosson]]+
- +
-:[[1582]]+
-*''Divers Voyages'' - [[Richard Hakluyt]]+
-*''Rerum Scoticarum Historia'' - [[George Buchanan (humanist)|George Buchanan]]+
- +
-:[[1583]]+
-*''The Anatomy of Abuses'' - [[Philip Stubbes]]+
- +
-:[[1584]]+
-*''The Araygnement of Paris'' - [[George Peele]]+
- +
-:[[1585]]+
-*''[[La Galatea]]'' - [[Miguel de Cervantes]] +
- +
-:[[1586]]+
-*''A Briefe and True Report of the New Found Land of Virginia'' - [[Thomas Hariot]]+
-*''Historie of the Reformatioun of Religioun within the Realms of Scotland'' - [[John Knox]]+
-*''The Raigne of Edward III'' - anonymous, attributed by some to [[William Shakespeare]]+
-*''The Arte of English Poesie'' - attributed to [[George Puttenham]]+
-*''Primera parte de la Angélica'' - [[Luis Barahona de Soto]]+
-*''Pappe with an hatchet, alias a figge for my Godsonne'' - [[John Lyly]]+
- +
-:[[1588]]+
-*''The Anatomie of Absurditie'' - [[Thomas Nashe]]+
- +
-:[[1590]]+
-*''An Almond for a Parrat'' - [[Thomas Nashe]]+
-*''Rosalynde'' - [[Thomas Lodge]]+
- +
-:[[1592]]+
-*''Groatsworth of Wit'' - [[Robert Greene (16th century)|Robert Greene]]+
-*''Foure Letters and certaine Sonnets'' - [[Gabriel Harvey]]+
-*''[[Nine Worthies of London]]'' - [[Richard Johnson (16th century)|Richard Johnson ]]+
- +
-:[[1594]]+
-*''Of the Lawes of Ecclesiastical Politie'' - [[Richard Hooker (theologian)|Richard Hooker]]+
-*''The Seamans Secrets'' - Sir [[John Davys]]+
- +
-:[[1595]]+
-*''An Apologie for Poetrie'' - Sir [[Philip Sidney]] (posthumous)+
-*''Brief and True Report of the New Found Land of Virginia'' - [[Thomas Harriot]]+
-*''Colin Clouts Come Home Againe'' - [[Edmund Spenser]]+
- +
-:[[1596]]+
-*''The Civell Warres of Edward the Second and the Barrons'' - [[Michael Drayton]]+
-*''The Discoverie of the Large, Rich and Beautiful Empyre of Guiana'' - Sir [[Walter Raleigh]]+
- +
-:[[1597]]+
-*''Englands Heroicall Epistles'' - [[Michael Drayton]]+
- +
-:[[1598]]+
-*''Palladis Tamia, Wits Treasury'' - [[Francis Meres]]+
-*''Politeuphuia (Wits' Commonwealth)'' - [[John Bodenham]]+
-*''Survey of London'' - [[John Stow]]+
-*''The Trew Law of Free Monarchies'' - King [[James VI of Scotland]]+
- +
-:[[1599]]+
-*''[[The Shoemaker's Holiday]]'' - [[Thomas Dekker]]+
-*''[[Patient Grissel]]'' - [[Thomas Dekker]], [[Henry Chettle]], and [[William Haughton]]+
-*''Wits' Theater'' - [[John Bodenham]]+
- +
-==New drama==+
- +
-:[[1541]]+
-*''[[Orbecche]]'' - [[Giovanni Battista Giraldi]]+
- +
-:[[1562]]+
-*[[Gorboduc (play)|''Gorboduc'']] - [[Thomas Norton]] and [[Thomas Sackville, 1st Earl of Dorset|Thomas Sackville]]+
-*''Jack Juggler'' - anonymous, sometimes attributed to [[Nicholas Udall]]+
- +
-:[[1573]]+
-* ''[[Aminta]]'' - [[Torquato Tasso]]+
- +
-:[[1582]]+
-* ''Il pastor fido'' - [[Giovanni Battista Guarini]]+
- +
-:[[1584]]+
-*''Campaspe'' - [[John Lyly]]+
-*''Sapho and Phao'' - John Lyly+
-*''The Three Ladies of London'' - [[Robert Wilson (dramatist)|Robert Wilson]] (published)+
- +
-:[[1588]]+
-*''[[The Battle of Alcazar]]'' - [[George Peele]] (performed)+
-*''Endymion'' - John Lyly+
- +
-:[[1590]]+
-*''[[Famous Chronicle of King Edward the First]]'' - [[George Peele]]+
-* ''[[Tamburlaine (play)|Tamburlaine]],'' - [[Christopher Marlowe]] (both parts published)+
-*''The Three Lords and Three Ladies of London'' - [[Robert Wilson (dramatist)|Robert Wilson]] (published)+
- +
-:[[1591]]+
-*''[[The Troublesome Reign of King John]]'' - Anonymous (published)+
- +
-:[[1592]]+
-*''[[Henry VI, Part 1]]'', ''[[Henry VI, Part 2|Part 2]]'', ''[[Henry VI, Part 3|Part 3]]'' - [[William Shakespeare]]+
-*''[[The Spanish Tragedy]]'' - [[Thomas Kyd]]+
-*''[[Arden of Faversham]]'' - anonymous (previously attributed to Shakespeare)+
- +
-:[[1594]]+
-*''[[The Battle of Alcazar]]'' - [[George Peele]] (published)+
-*''Cleopatra'' - [[Samuel Daniel]]+
-*''The Cobbler's Prophecy'' - [[Robert Wilson (dramatist)|Robert Wilson]] (published)+
-*''Friar Bacon and Friar Bungay'' - [[Robert Greene (16th century)|Robert Greene]] (published)+
-*''A Looking Glass for London and England'' - [[Thomas Lodge]] & Robert Greene (published)+
-*''Orlando Furioso'' - Robert Greene (published)+
-*''Romeo and Juliet'' -William Shakespeare+
- +
-:[[1595]]+
-*''[[Locrine]]'' - Anonymous (published)+
- +
-:[[1597]]+
-*''[[The Isle of Dogs (play)|The Isle of Dogs]]'' - [[Thomas Nashe]] & [[Ben Jonson]]+
-*''[[Richard II (play)|Richard II]]'' - William Shakespeare+
- +
-:[[1598]]+
-*''[[Every Man in His Humour]]'' - [[Ben Jonson]]+
-*''The Scottish Historie of James the Fourth'' - Robert Greene (published)+
- +
-:[[1599]]+
-*''[[Every Man Out of His Humour]]'' - [[Ben Jonson]]+
-*''[[Henry V (play)|Henry V]]'' - [[William Shakespeare]]+
- +
-==New poetry==+
-*[[1514]] – [[Francesco Maria Molzo]] translates ''Aeneid'' into Italian, in consecutive unrhymed verse (forerunner of [[Blank verse]])+
- +
-*[[1557]] – [[Giovanni Battista Giraldi]] – ''Ercole''+
- +
-*[[1590]] – [[Philip Sidney|Sir Philip Sidney]] – ''[[Arcadia]]''+
- +
-*[[1591]] – [[Philip Sidney|Sir Philip Sidney]] – ''[[Astrophel and Stella]]'' (published posthumously)+
- +
-:[[1592]]+
-*[[Henry Constable]] – ''Diana''+
-*[[Michael Drayton]] – ''The Shepherd's Garland''+
- +
-*[[1593]] – [[Michael Drayton]] – ''Peirs Gaveston''+
- +
-*[[1595]] – [[Thomas Campion]] – ''Poemata''+
- +
-:[[1596]] +
-*[[John Davies (poet)|Sir John Davies]] – ''Orchestra, or a Poeme of Dauncing''+
-*[[Edmund Spenser]] – ''[[The Faerie Queene]]''+
- +
-:[[1599]]+
-*[[John Davies (poet)|Sir John Davies]] – ''Hymnes of Astraea'' +
-*[[John Davies (poet)|Sir John Davies]] – ''Nosce Teipsum''+
-*[[George Peele]] – ''The Love of King David and Faire Bethsabe''+
- +
-==Births==+
-* [[1503]] - [[Thomas Wyatt]]+
-* [[1510]] - [[Martynas Mažvydas]]+
-* [[1515]] - [[Roger Ascham]]+
-* [[1517]] - [[Henry Howard]]+
-* [[1547]] - [[Miguel de Cervantes]]+
-* [[1551]] - [[William Camden]]+
-* [[1554]] - [[Philip Sidney]]+
-* [[1555]] - [[Lancelot Andrewes]]+
-* [[1558]] - [[Robert Greene (16th century)|Robert Greene]]+
-* [[1558]] - [[Thomas Kyd]]+
-* [[1561]] - [[Luís de Góngora y Argote]]+
-* [[1564]] - [[Christopher Marlowe]]+
-* [[1564]] - [[William Shakespeare]]+
-* [[1570]] - [[Robert Aytoun]]+
-* [[1572]] - [[Ben Jonson]]+
-* [[1576]] - [[John Marston]]+
-* [[1577]] - [[Robert Burton (scholar)|Robert Burton]]+
-* [[1581]] - [[Pieter Corneliszoon Hooft]]+
-* [[1583]] - [[Philip Massinger]]+
-* [[1587]] - [[Joost van den Vondel]]+
-* [[1594]] - [[James Howell]]+
- +
-==Deaths==+
-* [[1502]] - [[Henry Medwall]]+
-* [[1513]] - [[Robert Fabyan]]+
-* [[1552]] - [[Alexander Barclay]]+
-* [[1563]] - [[John Bale]]+
-* [[1563]] - [[Martynas Mažvydas]]+
-* [[1568]] - [[Roger Ascham]]+
-* [[1577]] - [[George Gascoigne]]+
-* [[1592]] - [[Robert Greene (16th century)|Robert Greene]]+
-* [[1593]] - [[Christopher Marlowe]]+
-* [[1594]] - [[Thomas Kyd]]+
-* [[1595]] - [[Luis Barahona de Soto]]+
{{GFDL}} {{GFDL}}

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