Japanese art  

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 +[[Image:The Great Wave off Kanagawa by Hokusai.jpg|thumb|right|200px|''[[The Great Wave off Kanagawa]]'' (between [[1823]]-[[1829|29]], [[woodblock printing in Japan|woodblock printing]] by [[Hokusai]]]]
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'''Japanese art''' covers a wide range of art styles and media, including ancient pottery, sculpture in wood and bronze, ink painting on silk and paper, and a myriad of other types of works of art. It also has a long history, ranging from the beginnings of human habitation in [[Japan]], sometime in the 10th millennium BC, to the present. '''Japanese art''' covers a wide range of art styles and media, including ancient pottery, sculpture in wood and bronze, ink painting on silk and paper, and a myriad of other types of works of art. It also has a long history, ranging from the beginnings of human habitation in [[Japan]], sometime in the 10th millennium BC, to the present.
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-Historically, Japan has been subject to sudden invasions of new and alien ideas followed by long periods of minimal contact with the outside world. Over time the Japanese developed the ability to absorb, imitate, and finally assimilate those elements of foreign culture that complemented their aesthetic preferences. The earliest complex art in Japan was produced in the 7th and 8th centuries A.D. in connection with [[Buddhism]]. In the 9th century, as the Japanese began to turn away from [[China]] and develop indigenous forms of expression, the secular arts became increasingly important; until the late 15th century, both religious and secular arts flourished. After the [[Ōnin War]] ([[1467]]-[[1477]]), Japan entered a period of political, social, and economic disruption that lasted for over a century. In the state that emerged under the leadership of the [[Tokugawa shogunate]],organized religion played a much less important role in people's lives, and the arts that survived were primarily secular. 
[[Painting]] is the preferred artistic expression in Japan, practiced by amateur and professional alike. Until modern times, the Japanese wrote with a [[brush]] rather than a [[pen]], and their familiarity with brush techniques has made them particularly sensitive to the values and [[aesthetics]] of painting. With the rise of popular culture in the [[Edo period]], a style of [[woodblock printing|woodblock prints]] called ''[[ukiyo-e]]'' became a major artform and its techniques were fine tuned to produce colorful prints of everything from daily news to schoolbooks. The Japanese, in this period, found [[sculpture]] a much less sympathetic medium for artistic expression; most Japanese sculpture is associated with [[religion]], and the medium's use declined with the lessening importance of traditional Buddhism. [[Painting]] is the preferred artistic expression in Japan, practiced by amateur and professional alike. Until modern times, the Japanese wrote with a [[brush]] rather than a [[pen]], and their familiarity with brush techniques has made them particularly sensitive to the values and [[aesthetics]] of painting. With the rise of popular culture in the [[Edo period]], a style of [[woodblock printing|woodblock prints]] called ''[[ukiyo-e]]'' became a major artform and its techniques were fine tuned to produce colorful prints of everything from daily news to schoolbooks. The Japanese, in this period, found [[sculpture]] a much less sympathetic medium for artistic expression; most Japanese sculpture is associated with [[religion]], and the medium's use declined with the lessening importance of traditional Buddhism.
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Today, Japan rivals most other modern nations in its contributions to modern art, fashion and architecture, with creations of a truly modern, global, and multi-cultural (or acultural) bent. Today, Japan rivals most other modern nations in its contributions to modern art, fashion and architecture, with creations of a truly modern, global, and multi-cultural (or acultural) bent.
 +
 +== See also ==
 +*[[Hokusai]]
 +*[[Hajime Sorayama]]
 +*[[Ero guro nansensu]]
 +*[[Ukiyo-e]]
 +*[[Japonism]]
 +*[[Japanese culture]]
 +*[[Yotsuya Simon]]
 +
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Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.
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Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.

Japanese art covers a wide range of art styles and media, including ancient pottery, sculpture in wood and bronze, ink painting on silk and paper, and a myriad of other types of works of art. It also has a long history, ranging from the beginnings of human habitation in Japan, sometime in the 10th millennium BC, to the present.

Painting is the preferred artistic expression in Japan, practiced by amateur and professional alike. Until modern times, the Japanese wrote with a brush rather than a pen, and their familiarity with brush techniques has made them particularly sensitive to the values and aesthetics of painting. With the rise of popular culture in the Edo period, a style of woodblock prints called ukiyo-e became a major artform and its techniques were fine tuned to produce colorful prints of everything from daily news to schoolbooks. The Japanese, in this period, found sculpture a much less sympathetic medium for artistic expression; most Japanese sculpture is associated with religion, and the medium's use declined with the lessening importance of traditional Buddhism.

Japanese ceramics are among the finest in the world and include the earliest known artifacts of their culture. In architecture, Japanese preferences for natural materials and an interaction of interior and exterior space are clearly expressed.

Today, Japan rivals most other modern nations in its contributions to modern art, fashion and architecture, with creations of a truly modern, global, and multi-cultural (or acultural) bent.

See also





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