Just war theory  

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 +"It is [[forbidden]] to [[kill]]; therefore all murderers are [[Punishment |punished]] unless they [[mass murder|kill in large numbers]] and to the sound of [[trumpet]]s" --[[Voltaire]] [[It is forbidden to kill; therefore all murderers are punished unless they kill in large numbers and to the sound of trumpets |[...]]]
 +|}
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-'''Aurelius Augustinus''', '''Augustine of Hippo''', or '''Saint Augustine''' ([[November 13]], [[354]] – [[August 28]], [[430]]) was one of the most important figures in the development of [[Western Christianity]]. He framed the concepts of [[original sin]] and [[just war]] and is best-known for his ''[[Confessions (St. Augustine)|Confessions]]''.+'''Just war theory''' (or ''Bellum iustum'') is a [[doctrine]] of [[Ethics#Applied ethics|military ethics]] of [[Ancient Rome|Roman]] philosophical and [[Catholic Church|Catholic]] origin, studied by moral [[theologian]]s, [[ethicist]]s and international [[policy maker]]s, which holds that a [[War|violent conflict]] ought to meet [[philosophy|philosophical]], [[religion|religious]] or [[politics|political]] criteria.
 +==List of just war theorists==
 +* [[Cicero]] (106 BC–43 BC)
 +* [[Ambrose]] (337/340–397)
 +* [[Augustine of Hippo|St. Augustine of Hippo]] (354–430)
 +* [[Decretum Gratiani|Gratian (Christian)]] (12th century)
 +* [[St. Thomas Aquinas]] (1225–1274)
 +* [[Stanislaw of Skarbimierz]] (1360–1431)
 +* [[Francisco de Vitoria]] (1492–1546)
 +* [[Francisco Suarez]] (1548–1617)
 +* [[Alberico Gentili]] (1552–1608)
 +* [[Hugo Grotius]] (1583–1645)
 +* [[Samuel Pufendorf]] (1632–1694)
 +* [[John Locke]] (1632–1704)
 +* [[Emerich de Vattel]] (1714–1767)
 +* [[John Stuart Mill]] (1806–1873)
 +* [[Paul Tillich]] (1886–1965)
 +* [[George Barry O'Toole]] (1886–1944)
 +* [[Reinhold Niebuhr]] (1892–1971)
 +* [[H. Richard Niebuhr]] (1894–1962)
 +* [[Paul Ramsey (ethicist)|Paul Ramsey]] (1913–1988)
 +* [[John Rawls]] (1921–2002)
 +* [[Murray Rothbard]] (1926–1995)
 +* [[Michael Quinlan (civil servant)|Michael Quinlan]] (1930–2009)
 +* [[Michael Novak]] (1933–)
 +* [[Michael Walzer]] (1935–)
 +* [[Ron Paul]] (1935–)
 +* [[Robert L. Holmes]] (193?–)
 +* [[Edwin Frederick O'Brien]] (1939–)
 +* [[Jean Bethke Elshtain]] (1941–2013)
 +* [[Oliver O'Donovan]] (1945–)
 +* [[Louis Iasiello]] (1950–)
 +* [[George Weigel]] (1951–)
 +* [[Jeff McMahan (philosopher)|Jeff McMahan]] (1954–)
 +* [[Brian Orend]] (1970–)
 + 
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"It is forbidden to kill; therefore all murderers are punished unless they kill in large numbers and to the sound of trumpets" --Voltaire [...]

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Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.

Just war theory (or Bellum iustum) is a doctrine of military ethics of Roman philosophical and Catholic origin, studied by moral theologians, ethicists and international policy makers, which holds that a violent conflict ought to meet philosophical, religious or political criteria.

List of just war theorists




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