List of physicians  

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{{Template}} {{Template}}
 +This is a list of famous [[physician]]s in history:
 +
 +== Physicians famous for their role in advancement of medicine ==
 +* [[William Osler Abbott]] (1902–1943) — co-developed the Miller-Abbott tube
 +* [[Mason Andrews]] (1919–2006) — delivered America's first [[in vitro]] baby; president of the American Gynecological and Obstetrical Society
 +* [[Virginia Apgar]] (1909–1974) — [[anesthesiologist]] who devised the [[Apgar score]] used after [[childbirth]]
 +* [[William Stewart Agras]] — feeding behavior
 +* [[Jean Astruc]] (1684–1766) — wrote one of the first treatises on [[syphilis]]
 +* [[Averroës]] (1126–1198)
 +* [[Avicenna]] (980–1037) — Persian physician
 +* [[Gerbrand Bakker]] (1771-1828) — Dutch physician, with works in Dutch and Latin on: midwifery, practical surgery, animal magnetism, worms, the human eye, comparative anatomy, and the anatomy of the brain
 +* [[Frederick Banting]] (1891–1941) — isolated [[insulin]]
 +* [[Christiaan Barnard]] (1922–2001) — performed first [[heart transplant]]
 +* [[Charles Herbert Best|Charles Best]] (1899–1978) — assisted in the discovery of [[insulin]]
 +* [[Norman Bethune]] (1890–1939) — developer of battlefield surgical techniques
 +* [[Theodor Billroth]] (1829–1894) — father of modern abdominal surgery
 +* [[Alfred Blalock]] (1899–1964) — most noted for his research on the medical condition of shock and the development of the [[Blalock-Taussig Shunt]], surgical relief of the cyanosis from [[Tetralogy of Fallot]]—known commonly as the [[blue baby syndrome]]—with his assistant [[Vivien Thomas]] and [[pediatric]] [[cardiologist]] [[Helen Taussig]]
 +* [[Charaka]] — Indian physician
 +* [[Jean-Martin Charcot]] (1825–1893) — pioneering [[neurologist]]
 +* [[Guy de Chauliac]] (1290–1368) — one of the first physicians to have an experimental approach towards medicine; also recorded the [[Black Death]]
 +* [[Harvey Cushing]] (1869–1939) - American neurosurgeon and the father of modern day brain surgery.
 +* [[Charles R. Drew]] (1904–1950) — [[blood transfusion]] pioneer
 +* [[Helen Flanders Dunbar]] (1902–1959) — important early figure in U.S. [[Psychosomatic illness|psychosomatic medicine]].
 +* [[Galen]] (129 – c. 210) — Roman physician and anatomist
 +* [[Garcia de Orta]] (1501–1568) — revealed herbal medicines of India, described Cholera
 +* [[Christiaan Eijkman]] (1858–1930) — [[pathologist]], studied [[beriberi]]
 +* [[Pierre Fauchard]] — father of dentistry
 +* [[Girolamo Fracastoro]] (1478–1553) — wrote on [[syphilis]], forerunner of germ theory
 +* [[Sigmund Freud]] (1856–1939) — founder of [[psychoanalysis]]
 +* [[Daniel Carleton Gajdusek]] (born 1923) — studied [[Kuru (disease)|Kuru]], Nobel prize winner
 +* [[Henry Gray]] (1827–1861) — English anatomist and surgeon, creator of [[Gray's Anatomy]]
 +* [[William Harvey]] (1578–1657) — English physician, described the [[circulatory system]]
 +* [[Ernst Haeckel]] (1834–1919) — physician and anatomist
 +* [[Henry Heimlich]] (born 1920) — inventor of the Heimlich Maneuver and the Vietnam War era Chest Drain Valve
 +* [[Orvan Hess]] (1906–2002) — [[fetal heart monitor]] and first successful use of [[penicillin]]
 +* [[John Hunter (surgeon)|John Hunter]] (1728–1793) — Father of modern surgery, famous for his study of Anatomy
 +* [[Hippocrates]] (c. 460–370 BCE) — Greek father of medicine
 +* [[Elliott P. Joslin]] (1869–1962) — pioneer in the treatment of [[diabetes]]
 +* [[Edward Jenner]] (1749–1823) — English physician popularized [[vaccination]]
 +* [[Carl Jung]] (1875–1961) — Swiss psychiatrist
 +* [[Leo Kanner]] (1894–1981) — Austrian-American psychiatrist known for work on autism
 +* [[Seymour Kety]] (1915–2000) — influential American neuroscientist
 +* [[Robert Koch]] (1843–1910) — formulated Koch's postulates
 +* [[Theodor Kocher]] — thyroid surgery and first surgeon to win the [[Nobel Prize]]
 +* [[Rene Theophile Hyacinthe Laennec]] (1781–1826) — inventor of the [[stethoscope]]
 +* [[Janet Lane-Claypon]] (1877–1967) — pioneer of [[epidemiology]]
 +* [[Thomas Linacre]] (1460–1524) - founder of [[Royal College of Physicians]]
 +* [[Joseph Lister, 1st Baron Lister|Joseph Lister]] (1827–1912) — pioneer of antiseptic surgery
 +* [[Richard Lower (physician)|Richard Lower]] (1631–1691) — studied the lungs and heart, and performed the first blood transfusion
 +* [[Paul Loye]] (1861–1890) — studied the nervous system and decapitation
 +* [[Amato Lusitano]] (1511–1568) — discovered venous valves, studied blood circulation
 +* [[Madhav]] (8th century A.D.) — medical text author and systematizer
 +* [[Maimonides]] (1135–1204)
 +* [[Marcello Malpighi]] (1628–1694) — Italian anatomist, pioneer in [[histology]]
 +* [[Otto Fritz Meyerhof]] (1884–1951) — studied muscle metabolism (Nobel prize)
 +* [[George Richards Minot]] (1885–1950) — Nobel prize for his study of [[anemia]]
 +* [[Charles Horace Mayo]] (1865–1939) — co-founder, [[Mayo Clinic]]
 +* [[William James Mayo]] (1861–1939) — co-founder, Mayo Clinic
 +* [[William Worrall Mayo]] (1819–1911) — co-founder, Mayo Clinic
 +* [[Frederic E. Mohs]] (1910–2002) — responsible for the method of surgery now called [[Mohs surgery]]
 +* [[Dr Richard Morton|Richard Morton]] (1637–1698) — identified [[Tubercle (anatomy)|tubercles]] in consumption (phthisis) of lungs; basis for modern name [[tuberculosis]]
 +* [[Egas Moniz]] (1874–1955) — developed Lobotomy and brain artery angiography.
 +* [[William McBride (doctor)|William McBride]] — discovered teratogenicity of thalidomide
 +* [[Herbert Needleman]] — scientifically established link between [[lead poisoning]] and neurological damage; key figure in successful efforts to limit lead exposure
 +* [[Charles Jean Henri Nicolle]] (1866–1936) — microbiologist who won Nobel prize for work on [[typhus]]
 +* [[Gary Onik]] — inventor and pioneer of ultrasound guided cryosurgery for both the prostate and the liver
 +* [[William Osler]] (1849–1919) — called the "father of modern medicine"
 +* [[Ralph Paffenbarger]] — conducted classic studies demonstrating conclusively that active people reduce their risk of [[heart disease]] and live longer
 +* [[Paracelsus]] (1493–1541)
 +* [[Ambroise Paré]] (1510–1590) — advanced surgical wound treatment
 +* [[Wilder Penfield]] (1891–1976) — pioneer in [[neurology]]
 +* [[Joseph Ransohoff]] (1915–2001) — [[neurosurgeon]] who invented the modern technique for removing brain tumors
 +*Sir [[William Refshauge]] (1913–2009) — renowned [[Australia]]n public health administrator
 +* [[Rhazes]] (c. 854 – 925) ([[Abu Bakr Mohammad Ibn Zakariya al-Razi]])
 +* [[Juan Rosai]] (born 1940) - advanced [[surgical pathology]] and discovered the [[desmoplastic small round cell tumor]] and [[Rosai–Dorfman disease]]
 +* [[Jonas Salk]] (1914–1995) — developed a vaccine for [[polio]]
 +* [[Lall Sawh]] (born 1951) — Trinidadian surgeon/urologist and pioneer of kidney transplantation in the Caribbean
 +* [[Ignaz Semmelweis]] (1818–1865) — a pioneer of avoiding cross-infection — introduced hand washing and instrument cleaning
 +* [[John Snow (physician)|John Snow]] (1813–1858) — anaesthetist and pioneer epidemiologist who studied [[cholera]]
 +* [[Andrew Taylor Still]] (1828–1917) — father of osteopathic medicine
 +* [[Susruta]] (c. 500 BCE) — Indian physician and pioneering [[surgeon]]
 +* [[Thomas Sydenham]] (1642–1689) — clinician
 +* [[James Mourilyan Tanner]] (born 1920) — developed [[Tanner stages]] and advanced auxology
 +* [[Helen B. Taussig]] (1898–1986) — founded field of pediatric cardiology, worked to prevent thalidomide marketing in the US
 +* [[Carlo Urbani]] (1956–2003) — discovered, and died from, [[SARS]]
 +* [[Andreas Vesalius]] (1514–1564) — Belgian anatomist, often referred to as the founder of modern human anatomy
 +* [[Vidus Vidius]] (1508–1569) — first professor of medicine at the College Royal and author of medical texts
 +* [[Rudolf Virchow]] (1821–1902) — German pathologist, founder of fields of comparative pathology, cellular pathology
 +* [[Carl Warburg]] (1805–1892) — German/British physician and clinical pharmacologist, inventor of [[Warburg's Tincture]] a famed antipyretic and antimalarial medicine of the Victorian era.
 +* [[Allen Whipple|Allen Oldfather Whipple]] (1881–1963) — devised the [[Whipple procedure]] in 1935 for treatment of [[pancreatic cancer]]
 +* [[Priscilla White (physician)|Priscilla White]] — developed classification of [[diabetes mellitus and pregnancy]] to assess and reduce the risk of [[miscarriage]], [[birth defect]], [[stillbirth]], and [[maternal death]]
 +* [[Carl Wood]] — in vitro fertilization
 +* [[Olaus Wormius|Ole Wormius]] (1588–1654) — pioneer in embryology
 +* [[Sir Magdi Yacoub]] (born 1935) — one of the leading developers of the techniques of heart and [[heart-lung transplant]]ation
 +* [[Boris Yegorov]] (1937–1994) — first physician in space (1964)
 +
 +== Physicians famous chiefly as eponyms ==
 +''See also [[Medical eponyms]]''
 +
 +Among the better known [[eponym]]s:
 +
 +* [[Thomas Addison]] (1793–1860) - [[Addison's disease]]
 +* [[Alois Alzheimer]] (1864–1915) - [[Alzheimer's disease]]
 +* [[Adalberto D. Arroyo]] (born 1970) - [[Ramos-Arroyo syndrome]]
 +* [[Hans Asperger]] (1906–1980) — [[Asperger syndrome]]
 +* [[Albert Calmette]] (1863–1933)- [[Bacillus Calmette-Guérin]] (BCG), a [[vaccine]] for [[tuberculosis]]
 +* [[Carlos Chagas]] (1879–1934) - [[Chagas disease]]
 +* [[Jean-Martin Charcot]] (1825–1893) - ''[[Motor Neurone Disease|Maladie de Charcot]]'', [[Charcot joints]], [[Charcot's triad]], [[Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease]]
 +* [[Jerome W. Conn]] (1907–1981) - [[Conn's Syndrome]] (primary hyperaldosteronism)
 +* [[Burrill Bernard Crohn]] (1884–1983) - [[Crohn's disease]]
 +* [[Camillo Golgi]] (1843–1926) - [[Golgi apparatus]]
 +* [[Joseph-Ignace Guillotin]] (1738–1814) - [[Guillotine]]
 +* [[Wilhelm Frederick von Ludwig]] (1790–1865) - [[Ludwig's angina]]
 +* [[Charles Mantoux]] (1877–1947) - [[Mantoux test]] for [[tuberculosis]]
 +* [[Antoine Marfan]] (1858–1942) - [[Marfan syndrome]]
 +* [[Silas Weir Mitchell]] (1829–1914) - [[Mitchell's disease]]
 +* [[James Paget]] (1814–1899) - [[Paget's disease]]
 +* [[James Parkinson]] (1755–1824) - [[Parkinson's syndrome]]
 +* [[Juan Rosai]] (born 1940) - [[Rosai–Dorfman disease]]
 +* [[Karl Adolph von Basedow]] - [[Basedow disease]]
 +* [[Paul Broca]] - [[Broca's area]]
 +* [[David Bruce]] - [[Brucellosis]]
 +* [[Denis Parsons Burkitt]] - [[Burkitt lymphoma]]
 +* [[Harvey Cushing]] - [[Cushing's disease]]
 +* [[John Langdon Down]] - [[Down syndrome]]
 +* [[Bartolomeo Eustachi]] - [[Eustachian tube]]
 +* [[Gabriele Falloppio]] - [[Fallopian tube]]
 +* [[Ernst Gräfenberg]] - [[Gräfenberg spot]] (G-spot)
 +* [[Gerhard Armauer Hansen]] - [[Hansen's disease]]
 +*[[Samuel Alexander Kinnier Wilson]] - [[Wilson's disease]]
 +* [[Thomas Hodgkin]] - [[Hodgkin's disease]]
 +* [[George Huntington]] - [[Huntington's disease]]
 +* [[Moritz Kaposi]] - [[Kaposi sarcoma]]
 +* [[Daniel Elmer Salmon]] - [[Salmonella]]
 +* [[Georges Albert Édouard Brutus Gilles de la Tourette]] - [[Tourette syndrome]]
 +* [[Gunnar B. Stickler]] - [[Stickler syndrome]]
 +* [[Hulusi Behçet]] - [[Behçet's disease]]
 +
 +== Physicians famous as criminals ==
 +* [[John Bodkin Adams|Dr John Bodkin Adams]] - suspected British [[serial killer]], thought to have killed over 160 patients. Acquitted of one murder in 1957 but convicted of prescription fraud, not keeping a dangerous drug register, obstructing a police search and lying on cremation forms.
 +* [[Karl Brandt (Nazi physician)|Karl Brandt]] (1904–1948) - [[Nazi human experimentation]]
 +* [[Edme Castaing|Dr Edme Castaing]] - murderer
 +* [[George Chapman (murderer)|George Chapman]] - Polish poisoner and [[Jack the Ripper]] suspect
 +* [[Robert George Clements|Dr Robert George Clements]] - murderer
 +* [[Nigel Cox (doctor)|Dr Nigel Cox]] - only British doctor to be convicted of attempted [[euthanasia]]
 +* [[Thomas Neill Cream|Dr Thomas Neill Cream]] - murderer
 +* [[Baruch Goldstein]] (1956–1994) - assassin
 +* [[Linda Hazzard]] - convicted of murdering one patient but suspected of 12 in total
 +* [[H.H. Holmes|Dr H.H. Holmes]] - American serial killer
 +* [[Shirō Ishii]] - headed Japan's [[Unit 731]] during [[World War II]] which conducted [[human experimentation]] for weapons and medical research
 +* [[Radovan Karadžić]] (born 1945) - accused of [[ethnic cleansing]] in [[Yugoslavia]]
 +* [[Jack Kevorkian]] (born 1923) - convicted of second-degree murder, Michigan, April 13, 1999
 +* [[Jeffrey R. MacDonald|Dr Jeffrey MacDonald]] -murdered pregnant wife and two daughters in 1979
 +* [[Josef Mengele]] (1911–1979) - known as the Angel of Death, [[Nazi human experimentation]]
 +* [[Samuel Mudd]] (1833–1883) - condemned to prison for setting the leg of [[Abraham Lincoln]]'s assassin
 +* [[Herman Webster Mudgett]] (1860–1896) - American serial killer
 +* [[Arnfinn Nesset]] - Norwegian serial killer
 +* [[William Palmer (murderer)|Dr William Palmer]] - British poisoner
 +* [[Marcel Petiot|Dr Marcel Petiot]] - French serial killer
 +* [[Herta Oberheuser]] (1911–1978) - [[Nazi human experimentation]]
 +* [[Richard J. Schmidt]] - American physician who contaminated his girlfriend with AIDS-tainted blood
 +* [[Harold Shipman]] (1946–2004) - British serial killer
 +* [[Michael Swango]] (born 1953) - American serial killer
 +
 +== Physicians famous as writers ==
 +:''[[Physician writer]]''
 +Among the better known writers:
 +* [[Mikhail Bulgakov]] (1891–1940) - Russian novelist and playwright
 +* [[Anton Chekhov]] (1860–1904) - Russian playwright
 +* [[Khaled Hosseini]] (1965-) - American author, originally from Afghanistan, of hugely popular bestselling novels [[The Kite Runner]] and [[A Thousand Splendid Suns]]
 +* [[Robin Cook (novelist)|Robin Cook]] - American author of bestselling novels, wrote [[Coma (novel)|Coma]]
 +* [[Michael Crichton]] (1942–2008) - American author of ''[[Jurassic Park (novel)|Jurassic Park]]''
 +* [[A. J. Cronin]] (1896–1981) - Scottish novelist and essayist, author of [[The Citadel (novel)|The Citadel]]
 +* Sir [[Arthur Conan Doyle]] (1859–1930) - British author of [[Sherlock Holmes]] fame
 +* [[Anthony Daniels]] (1949– ) - As 'Theodore Dalrymple' and under his own name, a British author, critic and social and cultural commentator
 +* [[John Keats]] (1795–1821) - English poet
 +* [[Morio Kita]] - Japanese novelist and essayist, son of [[Mokichi Saitō]]
 +* [[W. Somerset Maugham]] (1874–1965) - British novelist and short story writer, wrote [[Of Human Bondage]]
 +* [[Mori Ōgai]] - Japanese novelist, poet, and literary critic
 +* [[Alfred de Musset]] (1810–1857) - French playwright, discovered sign of [[syphilis|syphilitic]] [[aorta|aortitis]]
 +* [[Walker Percy]] (1916–1990)- American philosopher and writer
 +* [[François Rabelais]] (1483–1553) - French author of [[Gargantua and Pantagruel]]
 +* [[Mokichi Saitō]] - Japanese poet
 +* [[Friedrich von Schiller]] (1759–1805), German writer, poet, essayist and dramatist
 +* [[William Carlos Williams]] (1883–1963) - American poet and essayist
 +And others:
 +* [[Jafri Malin Abdullah]] - pioneer in [[Malaysia]]n postgraduate training in [[neurosurgery]] and [[neurosciences]]
 +* [[John Arbuthnot]] - author
 +* [[Patrick Abercromby]] (1656 – c. 1716) - historian
 +* [[Chris Adrian]] author
 +* [[Jacob M. Appel|Jacob Appel]] - short story writer
 +* [[Janet Asimov]] - (born 1926) (née Janet O. Jeppson). American psychiatrist, wife of [[Isaac Asimov]].
 +* [[Arnie Baker]] - cycling coach
 +* [[Sir Thomas Browne]] (1605–1682) - British writer
 +* [[Georg Büchner]] - German dramatist
 +* [[Ludwig Büchner]] - German philosopher
 +* [[Thomas Campion]] - poet, composer
 +* [[Ethan Canin]] - novelist, short story writer
 +* [[Deepak Chopra]] - Indian/American writer of [[self-help]] and health books
 +* [[Alex Comfort]] (1920–2000) - British writer and poet, author of [[The Joy of Sex]].
 +* [[Ctesias]] (5th century B.C.) - Greek historian
 +* [[Erasmus Darwin]] (1731–1802). British poet, grandfather of [[Charles Darwin]]
 +* [[Georges Duhamel]] (1884–1966) - French writer, dramatist, poet and humanist
 +* [[Havelock Ellis]] (1859–1940) - British writer and poet, author of [[The Psychology of Sex]]
 +* [[Victor Frankl]] (1905–1997) - Austrian neurologist and psychiatrist, author of [[Man's Search for Meaning]]
 +* [[Samuel Garth]] (1661–1719) - British author and translator of classics
 +* [[Hakim Syed Zillur Rahman]] - Indian author and translator of classical manuscripts
 +* [[William Gilbert (author)|William Gilbert]] - British author and father of [[W. S. Gilbert]]
 +* [[Oliver Goldsmith]] - British author
 +* [[Atul Gawande]], surgeon and ''[[The New Yorker|New Yorker]]'' medical writer.
 +* [[Richard Hooker (author)|Richard Hooker]] author of [[M*A*S*H (novels)|M*A*S*H]]
 +* [[Oliver Wendell Holmes, Sr.]] (1809–1894) - American essayist
 +* [[Arthur Johnston (poet)|Arthur Johnston]] (1587–1641) - poet
 +* [[Dimitris P. Kraniotis]] - Greek poet
 +* [[Charles Krauthammer]] (1950- ) - American psychiatrist, syndicated political columnist
 +* [[R. D. Laing]] - Scottish writer and poet, leader of the [[anti-psychiatry]] movement.
 +* [[Stanisław Lem]] (1929–2006) - Polish author of science-fiction ([[Solaris (novel)|Solaris]])
 +* [[Carlo Levi]] (1902–1975) - Italian novelist and writer
 +* [[David Livingstone]] (1813–1873) - Scottish medical missionary, explorer of Africa, travel writer
 +* [[Adeline Yen Mah]] - Chinese-American author.
 +* [[Jean-Paul Marat]] (1743–1793) - French writer, a leader of [[French Revolution]], assassinated in bathtub
 +* [[Paolo Mantegazza]] (1831–1910) - Italian writer, wrote a science fiction book, ''[[L'Anno 3000]]''
 +* [[Silas Weir Mitchell]] (1829–1914) - American writer
 +* [[Mungo Park (explorer)|Mungo Park]]
 +* [[João Guimarães Rosa]] - Brazilian writer
 +*Sir [[Ronald Ross]] (1857–1932) - British writer and poet, discovered the [[malaria]]l parasite
 +* [[Theodore Isaac Rubin]] (born 1923). American author of [[David and Lisa]]
 +* [[Oliver Sacks]] (born 1933). British essayist (e.g. ''The Man Who Mistook his Wife for a Hat'')
 +* [[Albert Schweitzer]] (1875–1965) - German charitative worker, Nobel Peace Prize laureate (1952), theologian, philosopher, organist, musicologist
 +* [[Frank Slaughter]] (1908–2001) American bestseller author, wrote (''Doctor's Wives'')
 +* [[Tobias Smollett]] (1721–1771) - author
 +* [[Benjamin Spock]] (1903–1988) - American pediatrician, wrote ''[[Baby and Child Care]]''.
 +* [[Osamu Tezuka]] - Japanese Cartoonist and Animator. Considered the "father of [[anime]]".
 +* [[Lewis Thomas]] (1913–1993) - American essayist and poet
 +*Sir [[Sir Henry Thompson, 1st Baronet|Henry Thompson]], British surgeon and [[polymath]].
 +* [[Vladislav Vančura]] (1891–1942) - Czech writer, [[screenwriter]] and [[film director]]
 +* [[Francis Brett Young]] (1884–1954) - English novelist and poet
 +* [[José Rizal]] (1861–1896) - Filipino novelist, scientist, linguist, and National Hero
 +
 +== Physicians famous as politicians ==
 +* [[Ibrahim Al-Jaafari]] - Prime minister of [[Iraq]]
 +* [[Iyad Allawi]] - interim Prime Minister of Iraq
 +* [[Salvador Allende]] (1908–1973) - Chilean president
 +* [[Emilio Alvarez Montalván]] - Foreign Minister of [[Nicaragua]]
 +* [[Arnulfo Arias]] - Panaman President
 +* [[Michelle Bachelet]] (born 1951) - Chilean president
 +* [[Hastings Kamuzu Banda]] (1898–1997) - Prime Minister, President and later dictator of [[Malawi]]
 +* [[Gro Harlem Brundtland]] (born 1939) - first [[Norway|Norwegian]] female prime minister and Director-General of the [[World Health Organization]]
 +* [[Margaret Chan]] - Director General of the [[WHO]] and former Director of Health of Hong Kong
 +* [[Chen Chi-mai]] - former mayor of [[Kaohsiung]], [[Taiwan]]
 +* [[York Chow]] - [[Secretary for Health, Welfare and Food]] of [[Hong Kong]]
 +* [[François Duvalier]] (1907–1971) - also known as Papa Doc - President and later dictator of [[Haiti]]
 +* [[Antônio Palocci Filho]] - Brazilian politician, Finance Minister
 +* [[Christian Friedrich, Baron Stockmar|Christian Friedrich, Baron von Stockmar]] - Anglo-Belgian statesman
 +* [[Bill Frist]] (born 1952) - [[United States Senate]] Republican [[Majority Leader]] from 2003 until his retirement in 2007
 +* [[Che Guevara]] Latin American revolutionary leader
 +* [[George Habash]] - founder of the [[Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine]]
 +* [[Mohammad Reza Khatami]] - Iranian politician
 +* [[Juscelino Kubitschek de Oliveira|Juscelino Kubitscheck]] - [[Brazil]]ian president
 +* [[Mahathir bin Mohamad]] - [[Malaysia]]n prime minister
 +* [[Agostinho Neto]] (1922–1979) - [[MPLA]] leader and president of [[Angola]]
 +* [[Navin Ramgoolam]] - Prime minister of [[Mauritius]]
 +* [[José Rizal]] (1861–1896) - Filipino revolutionary and national hero
 +* [[Bidhan Chandra Roy]] - Indian politician
 +* [[Hélio de Oliveira Santos]] - Brazilian politician, mayor of [[Campinas]]
 +* [[Tabaré Vázquez]] - Current Uruguayan President
 +* [[Sun Yat-Sen]] (1866–1925) - Founder of the [[Republic of China]]
 +* [[Ali Akbar Velayati]] (born 1945) - [[Iran]]ian [[Minister of Foreign Affairs (Iran)|Foreign Minister]] from 1981 to 1997.
 +* [[William Walker (filibuster)|William Walker]] (1824–1860) - ruler of [[Nicaragua]]
 +* [[Yeoh Eng-kiong]] - former Secretary for Health and Welfare of Hong Kong
 +* [[Y. S. Rajasekhara Reddy]] (8 July 1949 – 2 September 2009) - Chief Minister of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh
 +
 +=== Australia ===
 +* [[Bob Brown]] - parliamentary leader of the [[Australian Greens]]
 +* [[Brendon Nelson]] - [[Australia]]n politician
 +* [[Andrew Refshauge]] - [[Australia]]n politician
 +
 +=== Canada ===
 +* [[Frederick William Borden]] - [[Canadian]] MP and minister of the Militia
 +* [[Hedy Fry]] (born 1941) - Canadian politician, member of parliament
 +* [[Grant Hill (politician)|Grant Hill]] - former [[Canadian]] MP
 +* [[Wilbert Keon]] - [[Canadian]] senator
 +* [[Keith Martin (politician)|Keith Martin]] - [[Portuguese Canadian]] MP
 +* [[William McGuigan]] - mayor of [[Vancouver, British Columbia]]
 +* [[Théodore Robitaille]] - [[Lieutenant Governor of Quebec]], Quebec MNA and Senator
 +* [[Bette Stephenson]] - [[Ontario]] MPP and former Minister of Labour, Minister of Education and Minister of Colleges and Universities
 +* [[Donald Matheson Sutherland]] - MP and former minister of National Defence
 +* Sir [[Charles Tupper]] (1821–1915) - [[Prime Minister of Canada]] (1896) and [[Premier of Nova Scotia]] (1864–1867); High Commissioner in Great Britain (1884–1887)
 +
 +=== France ===
 +* [[Louis Auguste Blanqui]] - French revolutionary socialist
 +* [[Georges Clemenceau]] (1841–1929) - French statesman
 +* [[Jean-Paul Marat]] - French revolution leader
 +
 +=== Japan ===
 +* [[Tomoko Abe]] - [[House of Representatives of Japan|Representative of Japan]]
 +* [[Ichirō Kamoshita]] - [[House of Representatives of Japan|Representative of Japan]], former Environment Minister
 +* [[Taro Nakayama]] - former [[House of Representatives of Japan|Representative of Japan]], former Foreign Minister
 +* [[Chikara Sakaguchi]] - [[House of Representatives of Japan|Representative of Japan]], former Minister of Health, Labour and Welfare
 +* [[Koichiro Shimizu]] - former [[House of Representatives of Japan|Representative of Japan]], one of [[Koizumi Children]]
 +* [[Tsutomu Tomioka]] - former [[House of Representatives of Japan|Representative of Japan]], one of [[Koizumi Children]]
 +
 +=== The Netherlands ===
 +* [[Frederik van Eeden]]
 +* [[J. Slauerhoff]]
 +* [[Simon Vestdijk]]
 +* [[Leo Vroman]]
 +* [[Rutger Kopland]]
 +
 +=== United Kingdom ===
 +* [[John Pope Hennessy]] - former [[Governor of Hong Kong]]
 +* [[David Owen]] - British politician
 +* [[Liam Fox]] - British [[Secretary of State for Defence]]
 +
 +=== United States ===
 +* [[Tom Coburn]] (born 1948) - [[United States Senate|U.S. Senator]]
 +* [[Howard Dean]] (born 1948) - former [[Governor of Vermont]]
 +* [[Bill Frist]] (born 1952) - [[United States Senate Majority Leader]]
 +* [[Jim McDermott]] - [[United States House of Representatives|U.S. Congressman]]
 +* [[Larry McDonald]] - [[United States House of Representatives|U.S. Congressman]]
 +* [[Ron Paul]] (born 1935) - [[United States House of Representatives|U.S. Congressman]]
 +* [[Rand Paul]] (born January 7, 1963) [[United States Senate|U.S. Senator]]
 +* [[Dave Weldon]] - US congressman and [[autism]] activist
 +* [[Ray Lyman Wilbur]] (1875–1949) - [[United States Secretary of the Interior]], president of [[Stanford University]]
 +* [[Thomas Wynne]] (1627–1691) - Physician to [[William Penn]], speaker of the first two Provincial Assemblies in Philadelphia (1687 & 1688)
 +
 +== Physicians famous for their role in television and the media ==
 +
 +=== United Kingdom ===
 +* [[Christian Jessen]]
 +* [[Pixie McKenna]]
 +
 +=== United States ===
 +* [[Sanjay Gupta]]
 +* [[Mehmet Oz]]
 +
 +==Physicians famous for other activities==
 +<!-- Other activities means apart from being a physician: famous means extremely well known, however please add the reason for their fame -->
 +* [[Abd al-Latif al-Baghdadi (medieval writer)|Abd-el-latif]] &mdash; traveller
 +* [[Anderson Ruffin Abbott]]
 +* [[Jane Addams]] &mdash; social activist
 +* [[Georg Agricola]] &mdash; mineralologist
 +* [[David Alter]] &mdash; inventor
 +* [[Richard N. Ash MD|Richard N. Ash]] &mdash; Radio show host
 +* [[Oswald Avery]] (1877–1955) &mdash; molecular biologist who discovered [[DNA]] carried genetic information
 +* [[Ali Bacher]] &mdash; cricketer
 +* [[Josiah Bartlett]] &mdash; American statesman and chief justice of New Hampshire
 +* [[T. Romeyn Beck]] (1791–1855) &mdash; American [[forensic medicine]] pioneer
 +Ramon Betances-surgeon, PR nationalist
 +Oscar Biscet-human rights advocate
 +* [[Maximilian Bircher-Benner]] (1867–1939) &mdash; nutritionist
 +* [[Herman Boerhaave]] &mdash; humanist
 +* [[Alexander Borodin]] &mdash; composer
 +* [[Thomas Bowdler]] &mdash; censor
 +* [[Lafayette Bunnell]] &mdash; explorer of [[Yosemite Valley]]
 +* [[Roberto Canessa]] &mdash; survivor of [[Uruguayan Air Force Flight 571]], which crashed in the Andes Mountains in 1972.
 +* [[Gerolamo Cardano]] &mdash; mathematician
 +Alexis Carrell-transplant surgeon, eugenicist, Vichy sympathizer
 +* [[Ben Carson]] &mdash; Prominent African American Neurosurgeon
 +* [[John Caius]] (1510–1573) &mdash; physician and educator
 +* [[Graham Chapman]] &mdash; British comedian of [[Monty Python]] fame
 +* [[Laurel B. Clark]] (1961–2003) &mdash; American Astronaut, killed in the [[Space Shuttle Columbia disaster]]
 +* [[Sextus Empiricus]] (2nd&ndash;3rd century C.E.) &mdash; philosopher
 +* [[Giovanni Fontana (engineer)|Giovanni Fontana]] Venetian physician, engineer, and encyclopedist
 +* [[Luigi Galvani]] &mdash; physicist
 +* [[Pierre Gassendi]] (1592–1655) &mdash; philosopher
 +* [[William Gilbert (astronomer)|William Gilbert]] (1544–1603) &mdash; physicist
 +* [[Carl Goresky]] &mdash; physician and scientist
 +* [[Syed Ziaur Rahman]] &mdash; physician and medical scientist
 +* [[W. G. Grace]] &mdash; cricketer
 +* [[John Franklin Gray]] (1804–1881) was an American educator and the first practitioner of homoeopathy in the United States.
 +* [[Nehemiah Grew]] &mdash; botanist
 +* [[Samuel Hahnemann]] &mdash; founder of homeopathy
 +* [[Armand Hammer]] &mdash; entrepreneur
 +* [[Harry Hill]] &mdash; comedian
 +* [[Samuel Gridley Howe]] &mdash; abolitionist
 +* [[Hermann von Helmholtz]] &mdash; physicist
 +* [[Jan Baptist van Helmont]] (1577–1655) &mdash; physiologist
 +* [[Mae Jemison]] (born 1956) &mdash; astronaut
 +* [[Ken Jeong]] (born 1969)&mdash; actor & comedian
 +* [[Stuart Kauffman]] (born 1939) &mdash; biologist
 +* [[John Harvey Kellogg]] &mdash; cereal manufacture
 +* [[Charles Krauthammer]] (born 1950) &mdash; columnist and political commentator
 +* [[Cesare Lombroso]] (1835–1909) &mdash; based his system of [[criminology]] on [[physiognomy]]
 +* [[John Lovelock]] (1910–1949) &mdash; Olympic athlete
 +* [[John McAndrew]] (born 1927) &mdash; All-Ireland Gaelic Footballer
 +* [[June McCarroll]] &mdash; inventor of [[lane]] markings
 +* [[James McHenry]] (1753–1816) &mdash; signer of the [[United States Constitution]]
 +* [[Archibald Menzies]] &mdash; naturalist
 +* [[Franz Mesmer]] (1734–1815) &mdash; proponent of [[mesmerism]] and the idea of [[animal magnetism]]
 +* [[Jonathan Miller]] &mdash; television presenter and stage director
 +* [[Paul Möhring]] (1710–1792) &mdash; zoologist, botanist
 +* [[Maria Montessori]] &mdash; educator
 +* [[Boris V. Morukov]] &mdash; cosmonaut
 +* [[Lee Nelson|Lee "Final Table" Nelson]] &mdash; professional poker player
 +* [[Haing S. Ngor]] &mdash; Oscar winning film actor
 +* [[Heinrich Wilhelm Matthäus Olbers]] (1758–1840) &mdash; astronomer
 +James Parkinson-physician, geologist, political activist
 +* [[Christian Hendrik Persoon]] &mdash; South African botanist
 +* [[Claude Perrault]] &mdash; architect
 +* [[Weston A. Price]] &mdash; traveler, educator
 +* [[Pope John XXI]] &mdash; pope
 +* [[John Ray]] &mdash; plant taxonomer
 +* [[Bradbury Robinson]] &mdash; threw the first legal [[forward pass]] in [[American football]] history while a medical student at [[St. Louis University]]
 +* [[Peter Mark Roget]] &mdash; English lexicographer
 +* [[Jacques Rogge]] &mdash; sports official
 +* [[Doreen Rosenstrauch]] &mdash; artist, athlete, humanist, scientist
 +* [[Mowaffak al-Rubaie]] &mdash; human rights advocate, member of the Interim Iraqi Governing Council
 +* [[Benjamin Rush]] &mdash; signer of the [[United States]] [[United States Constitution|Constitution]]
 +* [[Daniel Rutherford]] (1749–1819) &mdash; chemist
 +* [[Felix Savart]] &mdash; physicist
 +* [[Albert Schweitzer]] &mdash; humanist
 +* [[Michael Servetus]] (1511–1553) &mdash; burnt at the stake by [[Calvinism|Calvinists]] for [[heresy]]
 +* [[Rob Sitch]] &mdash; comedian
 +* [[Sócrates]] (born 1954, Sócrates Brasileiro Sampaio de Souza Vieira de Oliveira) &mdash; Brazilian football (soccer) player
 +* [[James Hudson Taylor]] (1832–1905) &mdash; British [[missionary]] to [[China]] and founder of the [[China Inland Mission]]
 +* [[Norman Earl Thagard]] &mdash; astronaut
 +* [[Debi Thomas]] (born 1967) &mdash; Olympic figure skater
 +* [[William E. Thornton]] &mdash; astronaut
 +* [[Nasiruddin al-Tusi]] &mdash; astronomer
 +* [[William Walker (filibuster)|William Walker]] &mdash; Latin American adventurer
 +* [[Andrew Wakefield]] &mdash; conducted studies on disputed link between [[vaccine]]s and neurodevelopmental disorders, which had many serious consequences
 +* [[John Clarence Webster]] &mdash; Canadian historian
 +* [[Wilhelm Weinberg]] &mdash; with [[G.H. Hardy]], developed the [[Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium]] model of population genetics
 +* [[JPR Williams]] &mdash; rugby union player
 +Hugh Williamson-American patriot, statesman, Surgeon General of SC
 +* [[Thomas Young (scientist)|Thomas Young]] &mdash; scientist
 +* [[Ayman al-Zawahiri]] &mdash; [[Al-Qaeda]] leader
 +
 +== See also ==
 +* [[List of fictional physicians]]
 +* [[List of psychiatrists]]
 +* [[List of famous figures in psychiatry|Famous figures in psychiatry]]
 +* [[List of fictional psychiatrists|Fictional psychiatrists]]
 +* [[List of Presidents of the Royal College of Physicians]]
 +
 +
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Kunstformen der Natur (1904) by Ernst Haeckel
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Kunstformen der Natur (1904) by Ernst Haeckel

This is a list of famous physicians in history:

Contents

Physicians famous for their role in advancement of medicine

Physicians famous chiefly as eponyms

See also Medical eponyms

Among the better known eponyms:

Physicians famous as criminals

Physicians famous as writers

Physician writer

Among the better known writers:

And others:

Physicians famous as politicians

Australia

Canada

France

Japan

The Netherlands

United Kingdom

United States

Physicians famous for their role in television and the media

United Kingdom

United States

Physicians famous for other activities

Ramon Betances-surgeon, PR nationalist Oscar Biscet-human rights advocate

Alexis Carrell-transplant surgeon, eugenicist, Vichy sympathizer

James Parkinson-physician, geologist, political activist

Hugh Williamson-American patriot, statesman, Surgeon General of SC

See also





Unless indicated otherwise, the text in this article is either based on Wikipedia article "List of physicians" or another language Wikipedia page thereof used under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License; or on original research by Jahsonic and friends. See Art and Popular Culture's copyright notice.

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