Louisiana Voodoo  

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-'''Malcolm John Rebennack''' (November 20, 1941 – June 6, 2019), better known by his stage name '''Dr. John''', was an American singer and [[songwriter]]. His music combined [[blues]], [[Pop music|pop]], [[jazz]], [[boogie-woogie]] and [[rock and roll]]. 
-Active as a [[session musician]] from the late 1950s until his death, he gained a following in the late 1960s after the release of his album ''[[Gris-Gris]]'' and his appearance at the [[Bath Festival of Blues and Progressive Music]]. He performed a lively, theatrical stage show inspired by [[medicine show]]s, [[Mardi Gras]] costumes and [[Louisiana Voodoo|voodoo]] ceremonies. Rebennack recorded more than 20 albums and in 1973 produced a top-10 hit, "[[Right Place, Wrong Time (song)|Right Place, Wrong Time]]".+'''Louisiana Voodoo''', also known as '''New Orleans Voodoo''', describes a set of spiritual folkways developed from the traditions of the [[African diaspora]]. It is a cultural form of the [[Afro-American religion]]s developed by the West and Central African populations of the [[United States|U.S.]] state of [[Louisiana]], though its practitioners are not exclusively of African-American descent. Voodoo is one of many incarnations of [[Traditional African religion|African-based spiritual folkways]], rooted in West African [[Dahomey]]an [[West African Vodun|Vodun]]. Its [[sacred language|liturgical language]] is [[Louisiana Creole French]], the language of the [[Louisiana Creole people]].
- +
-The winner of six [[Grammy Awards]], Rebennack was inducted into the [[Rock and Roll Hall of Fame]] by singer [[John Legend]] in March 2011. In May 2013, Rebennack received an honorary doctorate of fine arts from [[Tulane University]].+
- +
-* ''The Last Waltz'' (1978) ... Himself (performs ''Such A Night'')+
-* ''[[Blues Brothers 2000]]'' (1998) ... Himself+
-* ''[[Top Chef]]'' (2013) ... Himself, Guest Judge+
-* HBO Series “[[Treme (TV series)|Treme]]” - as himself+
-* ''[[Touched by an Angel]]'' {{fact|date=June 2019}}+
- +
- +
-===As leader===+
-* ''[[Gris-Gris]]'' (1968) (Atco 33-234 (monaural)/SD 33-234 (stereo))+
-* ''[[Babylon (Dr. John album)|Babylon]]'' (1969) (Atco, SD 33-270)+
-* ''[[Remedies (Dr. John album)|Remedies]]'' (1970) (Atco, SD 33-316)+
-* ''[[The Sun, Moon & Herbs]]'' (1971) (Atco, SD 33-362)+
-* ''[[Dr. John's Gumbo]]'' (1972) Atco, SD 7006)+
-* ''[[In the Right Place]]'' (1973) (Atco, SD 7018)+
-* ''[[Desitively Bonnaroo]]'' (1974) (Atco, SD 7043)+
-* ''[[Cut Me While I'm Hot: The Sixties Sessions]]'' (1975) (DJM, 2019) [session work compilation]+
-* ''[[City Lights (Dr. John album)|City Lights]]'' (1979) (Horizon/A&M, SP-732)+
-* ''[[Tango Palace (Dr. John album)|Tango Palace]]'' (1979) (Horizon/A&M, SP-740)+
-* ''[[Dr. John Plays Mac Rebennack, Vol. 1]]'' (1981) (Clean Cuts, 705; CD: 720)+
-* ''[[Loser For You Baby]]'' [AKA ''Love Potion''] (1982) (Accord, 7118)+
-* ''[[The Brightest Smile In Town (Dr. John Plays Mac Rebennack, Vol. 2)]]'' (1983) (Clean Cuts, 707; CD: 722)+
-* ''[[In a Sentimental Mood (album)|In a Sentimental Mood]]'' (1989) (Warner Bros., 25889)+
-* ''[[ZuZu Man]]'' (1989) (Trip Records, TLP-9518) [studio outtakes compilation]+
-* ''[[Goin' Back to New Orleans]]'' (1992) (Warner Bros., 26940)+
-* ''[[Mos' Scocious: The Dr. John Anthology]]'' (1993) (Rhino, 71450) 2-CD set+
-* ''[[Television (Dr. John album)|Television]]'' (1994) (GRP/MCA, 4024)+
-* ''[[Afterglow Dr. John album|Afterglow]]'' (1995) (Blue Thumb/GRP/MCA, 7000)+
-* ''[[Anutha Zone]]'' (1998) (Virgin/EMI, 46218)+
-* ''[[Duke Elegant]]'' (2000) (Blue Note/Parlophone/EMI, 23220) [a tribute to Duke Ellington]+
-* ''[[Creole Moon]]'' (2001) (Blue Note/Parlophone/EMI, 34591)+
-* ''[[N'Awlinz: Dis Dat or d'Udda]]'' (2004) (Blue Note/Parlophone/EMI, 78602)+
-* ''[[Sippiana Hericane]]'' (2005) (Blue Note/Parlophone/EMI, 45687)+
-* ''[[Mercernary]]'' (2006) (Blue Note/Parlophone/EMI, 54541) [a tribute to Johnny Mercer]+
-* ''[[City That Care Forgot]]'' (2008) (429/Savoy, 17703)+
-* ''[[Curious George: A Very Monkey Christmas - Music From The Motion Picture]]'' (2009) (429/Savoy, 17748)+
-* ''[[Tribal (Dr. John album)|Tribal]]'' (2010) (429/Savoy, 17803)+
-* ''[[Locked Down (album)|Locked Down]]'' (2012) (Nonesuch/WEA, 530395)+
-* ''[[Ske-Dat-De-Dat: The Spirit of Satch]]'' (2014) (Concord/UMe, 35187)+
- +
-===With Bluesiana Triangle===+
-* ''[[Bluesiana Triangle]]'', with [[Art Blakey]] and [[David "Fathead" Newman|David Newman]] ([[Windham Hill Records|Windham Hill]], 1990)+
-* ''[[Bluesiana II]]'', with David Newman and [[Ray Anderson (musician)|Ray Anderson]] (Windham Hill, 1991)+
- +
-===Live albums===+
-* ''[[Hollywood Be Thy Name]]'' (1975) (United Artists, UA-LA552G)+
-* ''[[Such a Night! Live in London]]'' (1984) (Spindrift, SPIN 107)+
-* ''[[On a Mardi Gras Day]]'' (1990) (Great Southern, GS-11024) – with [[Chris Barber]]+
-* ''[[Trippin' Live]]'' (1997) (Wind-Up/Surefire, 13047)+
-* ''[[All By Hisself: Live at The Lonestar]]'' (2003) (Skinji Brim/Hyena, 9317) [recorded December 22–23, 1986]+
-* ''[[The Musical Mojo of Dr. John: Celebrating Mac and His Music]]'' (2016) (Concord/UMe, 00216 [UPC: 888072009820]) 2 CD [recorded May 3, 2014]+
- +
-===Other contributions===+
-* ''[[Living the Blues]]'', [[Canned Heat]] ([[Liberty Records|Liberty]], 1968)+
-* ''[[Future Blues (Canned Heat album)|Future Blues]]'', Canned Heat (Liberty, 1970)+
-* ''[[Exile on Main St.]]'', [[Rolling Stones]] ([[Rolling Stones Records]], 1972)+
-* ''[[The Weapon (album)|The Weapon]]'', [[David "Fathead" Newman|David Newman]] (Atlantic, 1973)+
-* ''[[Triumvirate (album)|Triumvirate]]'', with [[Mike Bloomfield]] and [[John Hammond, Jr.]] ([[Columbia Records|Columbia]], 1973)+
-* ''[[Levon Helm and The RCO All-Stars]]'', [[Levon Helm]] ([[ABC Records|ABC]], 1977)+
-* ''[[Playin' Up a Storm]]'', [[The Gregg Allman Band]] ([[Capricorn Records|Capricorn]], 1977) - piano and clavinet, songwriting credits on "[[Let This Be a Lesson to Ya']]".+
-* ''[[A Period of Transition]]'', [[Van Morrison]] ([[Warner Bros. Records|Warner Bros.]], 1977)+
-* ''[[Inphasion]]'', [[Papa John Creach]] (DJM, 1978) - piano and organ on "[[All the World Loves a Winner]]" and "[[Southern Strut]]".+
-* ''[[Casey's Shadow - Original Motion Picture Soundtrack]]'' (Columbia, 1978) - performing "[[Jolie Blonde]]" and "[[Coon-Ass Song]]".+
-* ''[[In Harmony (compilation albums)|In Harmony: A Sesame Street Record]]'' (various artists) (Warner Bros., 1980) - duet with [[Libby Titus]] on "[[The Sailor and the Mermaid]]".+
-* ''[[In Harmony 2]]'' (various artists) (Columbia, 1981) - performing "Splish Splash".+
-* ''Twilight Time'', [[Bennie Wallace]] ([[Blue Note Records|Blue Note]], 1985) - piano and organ; also features [[Stevie Ray Vaughan]] as a guest on guitar.+
-* ''Christmas Island'', [[Leon Redbone]] ([[Rounder Records|Rounder]], 1987) - duet with Redbone on "[[Frosty the Snowman]]".+
-* ''[[Accidentally on Purpose (Ian Gillan and Roger Glover album)|Accidentally on Purpose]]'', [[Ian Gillan|Gillan]] & [[Roger Glover|Glover]] ([[Virgin Records|Virgin]], 1988) - piano on "[[Can't Believe You Wanna Leave]]".+
-* ''[[20 (Harry Connick Jr. album)|20]]'', [[Harry Connick Jr.]] (Columbia, 1988) - organ and duet with Connick on "[[Do You Know What It Means to Miss New Orleans]]".+
-*''[[Night Beat (Hank Crawford album)|Night Beat]]'', [[Hank Crawford]] (Milestone, 1989)+
-*''[[Groove Master]]'', Hank Crawford (Milestone, 1990)+
-* ''[[Ringo Starr and His All-Starr Band]]'', [[Ringo Starr]] (EMI, 1990; CD: Rykodisc RCD-10190)+
-* ''Indian Blues'', [[Donald Harrison]] ([[Candid Records|Candid]], 1991)+
-* ''New Orleans Gumbo'', Donald Harrison (Candid, 1991 [rel. 2013])+
-* ''[[Trash Talk (soundtrack)|Trash Talk]]'', [[Take it Back Foundation]] (Atlantic, 1992)+
-* ''[[Boogie to Heaven]]'', [[Gayle Wynters]] (VWC Records, 1995) - featuring Dr. John and [[Roger Kellaway]]+
-* ''[[Perfect Day (Lou Reed album)|Perfect Day]]'' (BBC corporate film and charity release, 1997) - featuring amongst others, Dr. John (performing [[Lou Reed]]'s "[[Perfect Day (Lou Reed song)|Perfect Day]]").+
-* ''[[Ladies and Gentlemen We Are Floating in Space]]'', [[Spiritualized]] (Dedicated Records, 1997) - piano and vocal on "[[Cop Shoot Cop]]".+
-* ''[[Blues Brothers 2000 (soundtrack)|Blues Brothers 2000 - Original Motion Picture Soundtrack]]'' (Uptown/Universal, 1998) - performing "[[Season of the Witch (song)|Season of the Witch]]" with the [[The Blues Brothers|Blues Brothers Band]].+
-* ''[[The Skiffle Sessions – Live in Belfast 1998]]'', [[Van Morrison]]/[[Lonnie Donegan]]/[[Chris Barber]] ([[Point Blank Records|Point Blank]]/Virgin/EMI, 2000). Dr. John was playing [[Belfast]] the same night, and after his own concert had finished, turned up to play on the last few tracks.+
-* ''[[The Max Weinberg 7]]'' ([[Hip-O Records|Hip-O]], 2000) - piano and vocal on "[[Catch 'Em in the Act]]".+
-* ''[[My Kind of Christmas]]'', [[Christina Aguilera]] ([[RCA Records|RCA]], 2000) - duet with Aguilera on "[[Merry Christmas, Baby]]".+
-* ''[[Dot Com Blues]]'', [[Jimmy Smith (musician)|Jimmy Smith]] (Blue Thumb/Verve, 2001) - piano and vocal on "[[Only in It for the Money]]", piano on "[[I Just Wanna Make Love to You]]".+
-* ''[[Jools Holland's Big Band Rhythm & Blues]]'', [[Jools Holland]] ([[Rhino Records|Rhino]], 2002) - performing "[[The Hand That Changed Its Mind]]".+
-* ''Sousafunk Ave.'', [[Kirk Joseph]]'s Backyard Groove (Audible Vision, 2005) - vocal on "I Can't Get Started".+
-* ''[[Our New Orleans 2005]]'' (various artists) (Nonesuch/WEA, 2005) - performing "[[World I Never Made]]".+
-* ''[[The Disney Standards]]'', [[Steve Tyrell]] (Disney/Hollywood, 2006) - duet with Tyrell on "[[You've Got a Friend in Me]]".+
-* ''[[The New Orleans Social Club: Sing Me Back Home]]'' (various artists) (Burgundy/Sony BMG/Honey Darling Records, 2006) - performing "[[Walking to New Orleans]]".+
-* ''[[Goin' Home: A Tribute to Fats Domino]]'' (various artists) ([[Vanguard Records|Vanguard]], 2007) 2-CD set - performing "[[Don't Leave Me This Way]]".+
-* ''[[One Kind Favor]]'', [[B.B. King]] ([[Geffen Records|Geffen]], 2008) - on piano.+
-* ''[[Let Them Talk (Hugh Laurie album)|Let Them Talk]]'', [[Hugh Laurie]] (Warner Bros., 2011) - duet with Laurie on "[[After You've Gone (song)|After You've Gone]]".+
-* ''[[Use Me (album)|Use Me]]'', [[David Bromberg]] ([[Appleseed Recordings|Appleseed]], 2011)+
-* ''[[Low Country Blues]]'', [[Gregg Allman]] ([[Rounder Records|Rounder]], 2011)+
-* ''Renaissance'', [[Marcus Miller]] ([[Concord Records|Concord]]/UMe, 2012) - vocal on "Tightrope".+
-* ''[[The Rough Guide to Voodoo]]'' (various artists) ([[World Music Network]], 2013)+
-* ''[[Son of Rogues Gallery: Pirate Ballads, Sea Songs & Chanteys]]'' ([[ANTI-]]/Epitaph, 2013) - performing "[[In Lure of the Tropics]]".+
-* ''[[Cracking The Code]]'', [[Stephen Dale Petit]] (333 Records, 2013) - piano and organ on "[[Get You Off]]" and "[[Hubert's Blues]]".+
-* ''Decisions'', [[Bobby Rush (musician)|Bobby Rush]] with [[Blinddog Smokin']] (Silver Talon, 2014) - duet with Rush on "Another Murder in New Orleans".+
- +
-===In popular culture===+
-* Dr. John sings [[Iko Iko]] and "Such a Night" in the ''[[Second City Television]]'' SCTV "Polynesian Town" featuring [[John Candy]] and [[Catherine O'Hara]] +
-* Dr. John was featured in the third episode of the [[HBO]] series ''[[Treme (TV series)|Treme]]'', as well as three episodes of the second season and the final episode of the fourth season, playing himself in all of them.+
-* Dr. John was the inspiration for [[Jim Henson]]'s [[The Muppets|Muppet]] character, [[Dr. Teeth and The Electric Mayhem#Dr. Teeth|Dr. Teeth]].{{fact|date=June 2019}}+
-* Dr. John sings "Huggy Can't Go Back" in the TV series, '[[Starsky & Hutch]]'.+
-* Dr. John appeared as himself in the [[Second City Television|SCTV]] skit "Polynesiantown", opposite [[John Candy]] and [[Joe Flaherty]], also performing "Such a Night" as the musical guest.+
-* Dr. John is mentioned in the 2003 musical comedy film ''[[The Fighting Temptations]]'' by the character Darrin Hill (played by [[Cuba Gooding, Jr.]]) who has multiple false identities and one of them is a doctor. Having lied about being a music producer, he claims that he's not an actual doctor but it's his stage name, similar to Dr. John and the rapper [[Dr. Dre]]+
-* Dr. John is also referenced in Reunion's 1974 pop song ''[[Life Is a Rock (But the Radio Rolled Me)]]''.+
-* Dr. John was featured in the sixth episode of the 2014 mini-series ''[[Sonic Highways (TV series)|Sonic Highways]]''.+
-* "Right Place Wrong Time" was featured in the opening credits of the 2005 movie ''[[Sahara (2005 film)|Sahara]]''.+
-* Dr. John appears as himself in the 1st episode of the second season of ''[[NCIS: New Orleans]]'', "Sic Semper Tyrannis", playing "Right Place, Wrong Time".+
-* Dr. John performs "[[The Bare Necessities]]" in the credits of ''[[The Jungle Book (2016 film)|The Jungle Book]]''.+
-* An homage to Dr. John appeared in the December 2017 British comic strip [[Bad Machinery]], when three of the girls use voodoo to raise the spirit of a musician who died under mysterious circumstances so as to bring his murderer to justice.+
-* Dr. John's unexpected performance on 20 June 1986 in [[Blairgowrie and Rattray|Blairgowrie, Scotland]] is the subject of [[Michael Marra]]'s song "Mac Rebennack's Visit to Blairgowrie" on his 2007 EP, ''Quintet''. Upon being told of the song, Dr. John wrote Marra a cheque for "love and life."+
-* Dr. John's "Walk on Guilded Splinters" was featured in ''[[American Gods]]'', Season 2 Episode 5 "Ways of the Dead" on Starz in 2019.+
- +
-== Recognition ==+
-===Grammy Awards===+
-* 1989 Best Jazz Vocal Performance, Duo Or Group - "Makin' Whoopee"+
-* 1992 Best Traditional Blues Album - ''Goin' Back To New Orleans''+
-* 1996 Best Rock Instrumental Performance - "SRV Shuffle"+
-* 2000 Best Pop Collaboration With Vocals - "Is You Is, Or Is You Ain't (My Baby)"+
-* 2008 Best Contemporary Blues Album - ''City That Care Forgot''+
-* 2013 Best Blues Album - ''Locked Down''+
- +
-===Rock and Roll Hall of Fame===+
-* 2011 Rock and Roll Hall of Fame Inductee +
 +Voodoo became [[Syncretism|syncretize]]d with the [[Catholic Church|Catholic]] and [[Francophone]] culture of New Orleans as a result of the African cultural oppression in the region as part of the [[Atlantic slave trade]]. Louisiana Voodoo is often confused with—but is not completely separable from—[[Haitian Vodou]] and Deep Southern [[Hoodoo (folk magic)|Hoodoo]]. It differs from Haitian Vodou in its emphasis upon [[gris-gris (talisman)|gris-gris]], Voodoo queens, use of Hoodoo paraphernalia, and ''[[Damballa|Li Grand Zombi]]''. It was through Louisiana Voodoo that such terms as ''gris-gris'' (a [[Wolof language|Wolof]] term){{citation needed|date=April 2017}} and [[Voodoo doll#Myths and misconceptions|"Voodoo dolls"']] were introduced into the American lexicon.
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Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.
Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.

Louisiana Voodoo, also known as New Orleans Voodoo, describes a set of spiritual folkways developed from the traditions of the African diaspora. It is a cultural form of the Afro-American religions developed by the West and Central African populations of the U.S. state of Louisiana, though its practitioners are not exclusively of African-American descent. Voodoo is one of many incarnations of African-based spiritual folkways, rooted in West African Dahomeyan Vodun. Its liturgical language is Louisiana Creole French, the language of the Louisiana Creole people.

Voodoo became syncretized with the Catholic and Francophone culture of New Orleans as a result of the African cultural oppression in the region as part of the Atlantic slave trade. Louisiana Voodoo is often confused with—but is not completely separable from—Haitian Vodou and Deep Southern Hoodoo. It differs from Haitian Vodou in its emphasis upon gris-gris, Voodoo queens, use of Hoodoo paraphernalia, and Li Grand Zombi. It was through Louisiana Voodoo that such terms as gris-gris (a Wolof term)Template:Citation needed and "Voodoo dolls"' were introduced into the American lexicon.

Unless indicated otherwise, the text in this article is either based on Wikipedia article "Louisiana Voodoo" or another language Wikipedia page thereof used under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License; or on original research by Jahsonic and friends. See Art and Popular Culture's copyright notice.

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