March 4  

From The Art and Popular Culture Encyclopedia

(Difference between revisions)
Jump to: navigation, search
Revision as of 11:36, 2 March 2008
Jahsonic (Talk | contribs)

← Previous diff
Revision as of 11:37, 2 March 2008
Jahsonic (Talk | contribs)

Next diff →
Line 1: Line 1:
{{Template}} {{Template}}
== Art and culture == == Art and culture ==
-* [[51]] - [[Nero]], later to become [[Roman Emperor]], is given the title [[princeps iuventutis]] (head of the youth). 
-*[[303]] or [[304]] - [[Martyrdom]] of [[Saint]] [[Adrian of Nicomedia]]. 
-* [[852]] - Croatian [[Duke]] [[Trpimir I of Croatia|Trpimir I]] issued a [[statute]], a document with the first known written mention of the [[Croats]] name in Croatian sources. 
-* [[932]] - Translation of the [[relics]] of [[martyr]] [[Wenceslaus I, Duke of Bohemia]], Prince of the [[Czechs]]. 
-*[[1152]] - [[Frederick I, Holy Roman Emperor|Frederick I Barbarossa]] is elected [[Germanic king|King]] of the [[Germany|Germans]]. 
-*[[1215]] - King [[John of England]] makes an [[oath]] to the [[Pope]] as a [[The Crusades|crusader]] to gain the support of [[Innocent III]]. 
-*[[1238]] - The [[Battle of the Sit River]] was fought in the northern part of the present-day [[Yaroslavl Oblast]] of [[Russia]] between the [[Mongol]] Hordes of [[Batu Khan]] and the Russians under [[Yuri II]] of [[Vladimir-Suzdal]] during the [[Mongol invasion]] of [[Russia]]. 
-*[[1275]] - [[China|Chinese]] [[astronomers]] observe a [[total eclipse]] of the [[sun]]. 
-*[[1351]] - [[Ramathibodi]] becomes King of [[Siam]]. 
-*[[1386]] - [[Władysław II Jagiełło]] (Jogaila) was crowned [[King of Poland]]. 
-*[[1461]] - [[Wars of the Roses]] in [[Kingdom of England|England]]: [[House of Lancaster|Lancastrian]] [[British monarchy|King]] [[Henry VI of England|Henry VI]] is deposed by his [[House of York|Yorkist]] cousin, who then becomes King [[Edward IV of England|Edward IV]]. 
-*[[1492]] - King [[James IV of Scotland]] concludes an [[Military alliance|alliance]] with [[France]] against [[England]]. 
-*[[1493]] - Explorer [[Christopher Columbus]] arrives back in [[Lisbon]], [[Portugal]] aboard his ship [[Niña]] from his discovery voyage to [[the USA|America]]. He returned to [[Spain]] on [[March 15]]. 
-*[[1519]] - [[Hernan Cortes]] arrives in [[Mexico]] in search of the [[Aztec]] civilization and their wealth.  
-*[[1570]] - King [[Philip II of Spain]] bans foreign [[Netherlands|Dutch]] students.  
-*[[1611]] - [[George Abbot, Archbishop of Canterbury|George Abbot]] is appointed [[Archbishop of Canterbury]]. 
-*[[1621]] - [[Jakarta]], [[Java (island)|Java]] is renamed [[Batavia, Dutch East Indies|Batavia]]. 
-*[[1629]] - [[Massachusetts Bay Colony]], which had the role of colonizing the Americas, is granted a [[Royal charter]].  
-*[[1634]] - Samuel Cole opens the first [[tavern]] in [[Boston, Massachusetts]]. 
-*[[1665]] - [[England|English]] King [[Charles II of England|Charles II]] declares war on [[The Netherlands]] which marked the start of the [[Second Anglo-Dutch War]]. 
-*[[1675]] - [[John Flamsteed]] appointed first [[Astronomer Royal]] of [[England]].  
-*[[1681]] - [[Charles II of England]] grants a land charter to [[William Penn]] for the area that will later become [[Pennsylvania]]. 
-*[[1774]] - First sighting of [[Orion Nebula]] by [[William Herschel]]. 
-*[[1776]] - The American [[American Revolutionary War|War of Independence]]: The Americans capture "[[Dorchester Heights]]" dominating the port of Boston, Massachusetts. 
-*[[1778]] - The [[Continental Congress]] voted to [[ratify]] both the [[Treaty of Amity and Commerce (USA-France)|Treaty of Amity and Commerce]] and the [[Treaty of Alliance]] with [[France]]. The two treaties were the first entered into by the [[United States]] government. 
-*[[1789]] - In [[New York, New York|New York City]], the first [[Congress of the United States|U.S. Congress]] meets and declares the new [[United States Constitution|Constitution of the United States]] is in effect.  
-*[[1790]] - [[France]] is divided into 83 ''[[département in France|département]]s'', which cut across the [[provinces of France|former provinces]] in an attempt to dislodge regional loyalties based on noble ownership of land. 
-*[[1791]] - [[Vermont]] is admitted as the 14th [[U.S. state]]. 
-* 1791 - A [[Constitutional Act of 1791|Constitutional Act]] is introduced by the [[British House of Commons]] in [[London]] which envisages the separation of [[Canada]] into [[Lower Canada]] ([[Quebec]]) and [[Upper Canada]] ([[Ontario]]). 
-*[[1793]] - [[France|French]] troops conquer [[Geertruidenberg]], [[Netherlands]].  
-*[[1794]] - The [[Eleventh Amendment to the United States Constitution|11th Amendment]] to the [[U.S. Constitution]] was passed by the [[U.S. Congress]]. 
-*[[1797]] - In the first ever peaceful transfer of power between elected leaders in modern times, [[John Adams]] is sworn in as [[President of the United States]], succeeding [[George Washington]]. 
-*[[1804]] - The [[Castle Hill convict rebellion|Battle of Vinegar Hill]], colony of [[New South Wales]] ([[Australia]]), when Irish convicts (some of whom had been involved in Ireland’s [[Battle of Vinegar Hill]] in [[1798]]) led the colony’s only significant convict uprising. [] 
-*[[1813]] - [[Russia]]n troops fighting the army of [[Napoleon]] reach [[Berlin]] in [[Germany]] and the [[France|French]] garrison [[evacuate]] the city without a fight. 
-*[[1814]] - [[United States|Americans]] defeat the [[Armed Forces of the United Kingdom|British]] at the [[Battle of Longwoods]] between [[London]] and Thamesville near present-day [[Wardsville]], [[Ontario]]. 
-*[[1824]] - The "National Institution for the Preservation of Life from Shipwreck" was founded in the [[United Kingdom]], later to be renamed The [[Royal National Lifeboat Institution]] in [[1858]]. 
-*[[1837]] - [[Chicago]] becomes incorporated as a city. 
-*[[1848]] - [[Charles Albert of Savoy|Carlo Alberto di Savoia]] signs the ''[[Statuto Albertino]]'' that will later represent the first [[constitution]] of the ''[[Italy|Regno d'Italia]]'' 
-*[[1861]] - First national flag of the [[Confederate States of America]] (the 'Stars and Bars') adopted. 
-*[[1865]] - Third (and last) national flag of the [[Confederate States of America]] adopted. 
*[[1877]] - [[Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky]]'s [[ballet]] ''[[Swan Lake]]'' premiers at the [[Bolshoi Theatre]] in [[Moscow]]. *[[1877]] - [[Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky]]'s [[ballet]] ''[[Swan Lake]]'' premiers at the [[Bolshoi Theatre]] in [[Moscow]].
-*[[1882]] - [[United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland|Britain]]'s first electric trams run in [[East London, England|East London]]. 
-*[[1887]] - [[Gottlieb Daimler]] unveils his first [[automobile]] which he test runs in [[Esslingen]] and [[Cannstatt]], [[Germany]]. 
-*[[1890]] - The longest bridge in the [[United Kingdom]], the [[Forth Bridge (railway)]] (1,710 ft) in [[Scotland]] is opened by the [[Prince of Wales]], who later became King [[Edward VII of England|Edward VII]]. [] 
-*[[1893]] - [[Congo Free State]]: The army of [[Francis, Baron Dhanis]] attacks the [[Lualaba]], enabling him to transport his troops across the Upper [[Congo River|Congo]] and, capture Nyangwe almost without an effort. 
-*[[1894]] - Great fire in [[Shanghai]]. Over 1,000 buildings are destroyed. 
-*[[1899]] - [[Cyclone Mahina]] sweeps in north of [[Cooktown]], [[Queensland]], with a 12 m wave that reaches up to 5 km inland - over 300 dead. 
-*[[1902]] - In [[Chicago]], the [[American Automobile Association]] is established. 
-*[[1904]] - [[Russo-Japanese War]]: [[Russia]]n troops in [[Korea]] retreat toward [[Manchuria]] followed by 100,000 [[Japan]]ese troops. 
-*[[1908]] - The [[Collinwood School Fire]], [[Collinwood]] near [[Cleveland]], [[Ohio]], kills 174 people. 
-*[[1911]] - [[Victor Berger]] (Wisconsin) becomes the first [[socialist]] [[congressman]] in [[United States|U.S.]]. 
-*[[1917]] - [[Jeannette Rankin]] of [[Montana]] becomes the first female member of the [[United States House of Representatives]]. 
-* 1917 - [[Grand Duke Michael Alexandrovich of Russia]]'s renunciation of the [[throne]] is made public, and Tsar [[Nicholas II]] of [[Russia]] publicly issues his [[abdication]] [[manifesto]]. The victory of the February Revolution.  
-*[[1925]] - [[Calvin Coolidge]] becomes the first [[President of the United States]] to have his [[inauguration]] broadcast on radio. 
-*[[1929]] - [[Charles Curtis]] becomes the first [[Native Americans in the United States|native-American]] [[Vice President]]. 
-*[[1930]] - Terrible floods ransack [[Languedoc]] and the surrounds in south-west [[France]], resulting in twelve departments being submerged by water and causing the death of over 700 people. 
-*[[1931]] - The British [[Viceroy]] of [[India]], [[Governor-General]] [[Edward Frederick Lindley Wood]] and [[Mohandas Gandhi]] ([[Mahatma Gandhi]]) meet to sign an agreement envisaging the release of political prisoners and allowing that salt is freely used by the poorest layers of the population. 
-*[[1933]] - [[Frances Perkins]] becomes [[United States Secretary of Labor]], first female member of the [[United States Cabinet]]. 
-* 1933 - [[Bertha Wilson]] is appointed as first woman to sit on the [[Supreme Court of Canada]]. 
-* 1933 - The [[Parliament of Austria]] is suspended because of a quibble over procedure - [[Chancellor of Austria|Chancellor]] [[Engelbert Dollfuss]] initiates [[authoritarian]] rule by decree (see [[Austrofascism]]). 
-*[[1941]] - The [[United Kingdom]] launches [[Operation Claymore]] on the [[Lofoten Islands]], during [[World War II]]. 
-* 1941 - [[Adolf Hitler]] applies pressure on [[Yugoslavia]] to join the [[Tripartite Pact]]. 
-*[[1944]] - First [[United States|U.S.]] daylight bombing of [[Berlin]] and Anti-[[Germany]] strikes in northern [[Italy]]. 
-*[[1945]] - In the [[United Kingdom]], [[Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom|Princess Elizabeth]], later to become Queen Elizabeth II, joins the [[British Army]] as a driver. 
-* 1945 - [[Lapland War]]: [[Finland]] declares war on [[Nazi Germany]]. 
-*[[1954]] - [[Peter Bent Brigham Hospital]] in Boston, Massachusetts, announces the first successful [[kidney]] [[transplant]]. 
-*[[1957]] - The [[S&P 500]] [[stock market index]] is introduced, replacing the S&P 90. 
-*[[1959]] - [[United States|U.S.]] [[Pioneer 4]] misses [[Moon]] and becomes the second ([[United States|U.S.]] first) artificial planet. 
-*[[1960]] - [[France|French]] freighter 'La Coubre' explodes in [[Havana]], [[Cuba]] killing 100. [[Fidel Castro]] blames the [[U.S.]] 
-*[[1962]] - [[United States Atomic Energy Commission]] announces that the first atomic power plant at [[McMurdo Station]] in [[Antarctica]] is in operation. 
-* 1966 - [[Canadian Pacific Air Lines]] [[DC-8]]-43 explodes on landing at [[Tokyo International Airport]], killing 64 people. 
-*[[1970]] - [[France|French]] submarine ''Eurydice'' explodes. 
-*[[1972]] - [[Libya]] and the [[Soviet Union]] sign a cooperation treaty. 
-*[[1976]] - The [[Northern Ireland Constitutional Convention]] is formally dissolved in [[Northern Ireland]] resulting in [[direct rule]] of [[Northern Ireland]] from [[London]] via the [[British parliament]]. 
-*[[1977]] - The [[1977 Bucharest Earthquake]] in southern and eastern [[Europe]] kills more than 1,500. 
-* 1977 - The first [[Cray-1]] [[supercomputer]] is shipped to the [[Los Alamos National Laboratory]], [[New Mexico]].  
-*[[1979]] - The first [[encyclical]] written by [[Pope John Paul II]], [[Redemptor Hominis]] ([[Latin]] for "The Redeemer of Man") is [[promulgate]]d less than five months after his installation as [[pope]]. 
-*[[1980]] - [[Nationalist]] leader [[Robert Mugabe]] wins a sweeping election victory to become [[Zimbabwe]]'s first black [[prime minister]]. 
-*[[1982]] - [[NASA]] launches "Intelsat V". 
-*[[1985]] - The [[Food and Drug Administration]] approves a [[blood test]] for [[AIDS]], used since then for screening all [[blood donation]]s in the [[United States]]. 
-*[[1991]] - [[Sheikh]] [[Saad Al-Abdallah Al-Salim Al-Sabah]], the [[Prime Minister of Kuwait]], returned to his country for the first time since [[Iraq]]'s invasion.  
-*[[1994]] - [[Space shuttle]] [[STS-62]] ([[Shuttle Columbia|''Columbia'']] 16) launches into orbit. 
-* 1994 - [[Bosnia and Herzegovina|Bosnia]]'s [[Croats]] and [[Moslems]] sign an agreement to form a [[federation]] in a loose economic union with [[Croatia]]. 
-*[[1997]] - US President [[Bill Clinton]] bans federally funded [[human cloning]] research. 
-*[[1998]] - [[LGBT rights in the United States|Gay rights]]: ''[[Oncale v. Sundowner Offshore Services]]'': The [[Supreme Court of the United States]] rules that federal laws banning on-the-job [[sexual harassment]] also apply when both parties are the same sex. 
-*[[2001]] - [[4 March 2001 BBC bombing]]: a massive car bomb explodes in front of the [[BBC Television Centre]] in [[London]], seriously injuring 11 people. The attack was attributed to the [[Real IRA]]. 
-* 2001 - [[Hintze Ribeiro disaster]], a bridge collapses in northern [[Portugal]], killing up to 70 people.  
-*[[2002]] - [[Canada]] bans human [[embryo]] [[cloning]] but permits government-funded scientists to use embryos left over from [[fertility]] treatment or [[abortions]]. 
-* 2002 - [[War in Afghanistan (2001–present)|Multinational Force in Afghanistan]]: Seven American [[Special Operations Forces]] soldiers are killed as they attempt to infiltrate the [[Shahi Kot Valley]] on a low-flying helicopter reconnaissance mission. 
-*[[2005]] - The car of released [[Italy|Italian]] hostage [[Giuliana Sgrena]] is fired on by [[Military of the United States|US soldiers]] in [[Iraq]], causing the death of an Italian Secret Service Agent and injuring two passengers. 
-* 2005 - [[United Nations]] warns that about 90 million [[Africans]] could be infected by the [[HIV virus]] in the future without further action against the spread of the disease. 
-*[[2006]] - Final contact attempt with [[Pioneer 10]] by the [[Deep Space Network]]. No response was received. 
-*[[2007]] - [[Estonian parliamentary election, 2007]]: Approximately 30,000 voters take advantage of [[electronic voting in Estonia]], the world's first nationwide voting where part of the votecasting is allowed in the form of remote [[electronic voting]] via the [[Internet]]. 
==Births== ==Births==
-<!-- Please do not add yourself or anyone else without a biography in Wikipedia to this list.--> 
-*[[1188]] - [[Blanche of Castile]], wife of [[Louis VIII of France]] (d. [[1252]]) 
-*[[1394]] - [[Henry the Navigator]] (d. [[1460]]) 
-*[[1492]] - [[Francesco de Layolle]], Italian composer (d. c.[[1540]]) 
-*[[1525]] - [[Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina]], Italian composer of Renaissance music (d. [[1594]]) 
-*[[1610]] - [[William Dobson]], English portraitist and painter (d. [[1646]]) 
-*[[1651]] - [[John Somers, 1st Baron Somers]] (d. [[1716]]) 
-*[[1665]] - [[Philip Christoph von Königsmarck]], Swedish soldier (d. [[1694]]) 
*[[1678]] - [[Antonio Vivaldi]], Italian composer (d. [[1741]]) *[[1678]] - [[Antonio Vivaldi]], Italian composer (d. [[1741]])
*[[1702]] - [[Jack Sheppard]], English burglar and escapee (d. [[1724]]) *[[1702]] - [[Jack Sheppard]], English burglar and escapee (d. [[1724]])

Revision as of 11:37, 2 March 2008

Related e

Wiki Commons

Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.
Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.


Art and culture




Geoff Nicholson Antonin Artaud Lennie Lee Nikolai Gogol William Carlos Williams Antonio Vivaldi Franz Marc Colored Abraham Lincoln Hans von Aachen Maria Jolas Knockout (comic) Alan Sillitoe Adrian Lyne John Lennon on Christianity Jean-Baptiste Greuze

Unless indicated otherwise, the text in this article is either based on Wikipedia article "March 4" or another language Wikipedia page thereof used under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License; or on original research by Jahsonic and friends. See Art and Popular Culture's copyright notice.

Personal tools