P. D. Ouspensky  

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-'''Esoteric cosmology''' is [[cosmology]] that is an intrinsic part of an [[Esoteric knowledge|esoteric]] or [[Occultism|occult]] system of thought. It almost always deals with at least some of the following themes: [[emanation]], [[Involution (metaphysics)|involution]], [[spiritual evolution|evolution]], [[Epigenesis (creative intelligences)|epigenesis]], [[Plane (cosmology)|planes of existence]] or higher worlds (and their emanation and the connections between them), hierarchies of [[List of deities|spiritual beings]], cosmic cycles (e.g., [[cosmic year]], [[Yuga]]), [[Yoga|yogic]] or spiritual disciplines and techniques of self-transformation, and references to [[mysticism|mystical]] and [[altered states of consciousness]].+'''Peter D. Ouspensky''' (5 March 1878 – 2 October 1947), ('''Pyotr Demianovich Ouspenskii''', also '''Uspenskii''' or '''Uspensky''', Пётр Демья́нович Успе́нский), a [[Russia]]n [[Esotericism|esotericist]] known for his expositions of the early work of the [[Greek people|Greek]]-[[Armenian people|Armenian]] teacher of [[Esotericism|esoteric]] doctrine [[G.I. Gurdjieff|George Gurdjieff]], whom he met in [[Moscow]] in 1915.
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-Such cosmologies cover many of the same concerns also addressed by [[religious cosmology]] and [[cosmology (metaphysics)|philosophical cosmology]], such as the origin, purpose, and destiny of the universe and of consciousness and the nature of existence. For this reason it is sometimes difficult to distinguish where religion or philosophy end and esotericism or occultism begins. However, esoteric cosmology is distinguished from religion in its more sophisticated construction and reliance on intellectual understanding rather than faith, and from philosophy in its emphasis on techniques of psycho-spiritual transformation.+
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-Examples of esoteric cosmologies can be found in [[Gnosticism]], [[Neoplatonism]], [[Tantra]] (especially [[Kashmir Shaivism]]), [[Kabbalah]], [[Sufism]], the teachings of [[Jacob Boehme]], [[The Urantia Book]], the [[Sant Mat]]/[[Surat Shabd Yoga|Surat Shabda Yoga]] tradition, [[Theosophy]], [[Anthroposophy]], The [[Cosmic Tradition]] of [[Max Theon]] and [[Alma Theon|his wife]], [[Max Heindel]] (''[[The Rosicrucian Cosmo-Conception]]''), elements of the teachings of [[Sri Aurobindo]], [[Meher Baba]], the [[Fourth Way]] propounded by Gurdjieff and Ouspensky, [[PaGaian Cosmology]] and many current [[New Age]] teachings, to give only a few examples.+
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Kunstformen der Natur (1904) by Ernst Haeckel
Kunstformen der Natur (1904) by Ernst Haeckel

Peter D. Ouspensky (5 March 1878 – 2 October 1947), (Pyotr Demianovich Ouspenskii, also Uspenskii or Uspensky, Пётр Демья́нович Успе́нский), a Russian esotericist known for his expositions of the early work of the Greek-Armenian teacher of esoteric doctrine George Gurdjieff, whom he met in Moscow in 1915.

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