Political party  

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-A '''political party''' is a [[political organization]] that typically seeks to attain and maintain [[politics|political]] power within [[government]], usually by participating in [[elections|electoral campaigns]], educational outreach or protest actions. Parties often espouse an expressed [[ideology]] or vision bolstered by a written [[Party platform|platform]] with specific goals, forming a [[coalition]] among disparate interests.+[[Image:Eugène Delacroix - La liberté guidant le peuple.jpg|thumb|200px|This page '''{{PAGENAME}}''' is part of the [[politics]] series.<br><small>Illustration:''[[Liberty Leading the People]]'' (1831, detail) by [[Eugène Delacroix]].</small>]]{{Template}}
 + 
 +A '''political party''' is a [[political organization]] that typically seeks to attain and maintain [[political power]] within [[government]], usually by participating in [[elections|electoral campaigns]], educational outreach or protest actions. Parties often espouse an expressed [[ideology]] or vision bolstered by a written [[Party platform|platform]] with specific goals, forming a [[coalition]] among disparate interests.
 + 
 +During the 19th and 20th century, many national political parties organized themselves into international organizations along similar policy lines. Notable examples are [[The Universal Party]], [[International Workingmen's Association]] (also called the First International), the [[Socialist International]] (also called the Second International), the [[Communist International]] (also called the Third International), and the [[Fourth International]], as organizations of [[working class party|working class parties]], or the [[Liberal International]] (yellow), [[Hizb ut-Tahrir]], [[Christian Democratic International]] and the [[International Democrat Union]] (blue). Organized in Italy in 1945, the [[International Communist Party]], since 1974 headquartered in Florence has sections in six countries. [[Worldwide green parties]] have recently established the [[Global Greens]]. [[The Universal Party]], The Socialist International, the Liberal International, and the [[International Democrat Union]] are all based in [[London]].
 +Some administrations (e.g. [[Hong Kong]]) outlaw formal linkages between local and foreign political organizations, effectively outlawing international political parties.
 + 
 +== See also ==
 +* [[Elite party]]
 +* [[List of political parties]]
 +* [[List of ruling political parties by country]]
 +* [[List of political party symbols]]
 +* [[List of politics-related topics]]
 +* [[Particracy]] (a political regime dominated by one or more parties)
 +* [[Political colour]]
 +* [[Political faction]] (both pre- and within a modern party)
 +* [[Political finance]]
 +* [[Party class]]
 +* [[Party line (politics)]]
 +* [[The Party (politics)]]
 + 
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This page Political party is part of the politics series.Illustration:Liberty Leading the People (1831, detail) by Eugène Delacroix.
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This page Political party is part of the politics series.
Illustration:Liberty Leading the People (1831, detail) by Eugène Delacroix.

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Kunstformen der Natur (1904) by Ernst Haeckel
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Kunstformen der Natur (1904) by Ernst Haeckel

A political party is a political organization that typically seeks to attain and maintain political power within government, usually by participating in electoral campaigns, educational outreach or protest actions. Parties often espouse an expressed ideology or vision bolstered by a written platform with specific goals, forming a coalition among disparate interests.

During the 19th and 20th century, many national political parties organized themselves into international organizations along similar policy lines. Notable examples are The Universal Party, International Workingmen's Association (also called the First International), the Socialist International (also called the Second International), the Communist International (also called the Third International), and the Fourth International, as organizations of working class parties, or the Liberal International (yellow), Hizb ut-Tahrir, Christian Democratic International and the International Democrat Union (blue). Organized in Italy in 1945, the International Communist Party, since 1974 headquartered in Florence has sections in six countries. Worldwide green parties have recently established the Global Greens. The Universal Party, The Socialist International, the Liberal International, and the International Democrat Union are all based in London. Some administrations (e.g. Hong Kong) outlaw formal linkages between local and foreign political organizations, effectively outlawing international political parties.

See also




Unless indicated otherwise, the text in this article is either based on Wikipedia article "Political party" or another language Wikipedia page thereof used under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License; or on original research by Jahsonic and friends. See Art and Popular Culture's copyright notice.

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