Social work  

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-History of [[subculture]]s and [[underground culture]]s in the [[1950s]].+'''Social work''' is both a profession and social science. It involves the application of [[social theory]] and research methods to study and improve the lives of people, groups, and societies. It incorporates and uses other [[social sciences]] as a means to improve the [[human condition]] and positively change society's response to chronic problems.
-The [[Existentialist]]s had a profound influence upon subcultural development. [[Jean-Paul Sartre]] and [[Albert Camus]] transferred their [[French resistance]] underground campaign to the context of a cultural revolution and the American [[Beatnik|beat scene]] joined the movement. (See article: [[Underground culture]]) The emphasis on freedom of the individual influenced the [[Beat generation|beat]]s in America and Britain and this version of existential [[bohemianism]] continued through the 1950s and into the 1960s under the guise of the [[beat generation]]. [[Beard]]s and [[haircut|longer hair]] returned in another attempt at returning to the image of ''peacetime man'' and the normality which had existed before the two wars. At the same time, as a result of American post-war prosperity, a new identity emerged for youth subculture: the ''[[Youth culture|teenager]]''.+Social work is a profession committed to the pursuit of [[social justice]], to the enhancement of the [[quality of life]], and to the development of the full potential of each individual, group and community in the society. It seeks to simultaneously address and resolve [[social issues]] at every level of society and economic status, but especially among the poor and sick.
-Jazz culture was transformed, by way of [[Rhythm and blues]] into [[Rock and Roll]] culture. There are various suggested candidates for which record might've been the [[First rock and roll record]]. At the same time, jazz culture itself continued but changed into a more respected form, no longer necessarily associated with wild behaviour and criminality.+Social workers are concerned with social problems, their causes, their solutions and their human impacts. They work with [[individuals]], [[Family|families]], [[Group (sociology)|groups]], [[organizations]] and [[communities]].
-From the 1950s onward society noticed an increase in street [[gang]] culture, random [[vandalism]] and [[graffiti]]. [[Sociologist]]s, [[psychologist]]s, [[social worker]]s and [[judge]]s all had theories as to what was causing the increase to urban [[juvenile delinquency]] but the consensus has generally tended to be that the modern urban environment offers all the bright lights and benefits of the [[modern world]] but often provides [[working class]] youths with little in reality. This theory and others were parodied in the musical ''[[West Side Story]]'' (based on [[Shakespeare]]'s ''[[Romeo and Juliet]]'') in song lyrics such as ''Jet Song'', ''America'', and ''Gee, Officer Krupke''. [[Moral panic]]s surrounding the advent of teenager subcultures and a perceived rise in adolescent criminality led to several attempts to investigate and legislate youth behavior, such as the [[Senate Subcommittee on Juvenile Delinquency]].+Social work and human history go together. Social work was always in human societies although it began to be a defined pursuit and profession in the 19th century. This definition was in response to societal problems that resulted from the [[Industrial Revolution]] and an increased interest in applying [[scientific theory]] to various aspects of study. Eventually an increasing number of educational institutions began to offer social work programmes.
-As American rock and roll arrived in the [[United Kingdom]], a subculture grew around it. Some of the British post-war street youths hanging around [[bombsite]]s in urban areas and getting drawn into petty [[crime]] began to dress in a variation of the zoot suit style called a [[drape suit]], with a country style [[bootlace tie]], [[winklepicker]] shoes, [[drainpipe trousers]], and [[Elvis Presley]] style slicked hair. These youths were called [[Teddy Boy (youth culture)|Teddy boy]]s. For a night out dancing at the [[palais de danse|palais]], their girlfriends would usually wear the same sort of [[poodle skirt]]s and [[crinoline]]s their counterparts in America would wear. For day-to-day wear there was a trend toward girls wearing slacks or jeans. At the time, the idea of girls wearing trousers and boys taking time over their hairstyle was socially shocking to many people.+The [[settlement movement]]'s emphasis on [[advocacy]] and case work became part of social work practice. During the 20th century, the profession began to rely more on research and evidenced-based practice as it attempted to improve its professionalism. Today social workers are employed in a myriad of pursuits and settings.
-British youth divided into factions. There were the [[modern jazz]] kids, the [[trad jazz]] kids, the rock and roll teenagers and the [[skiffle]] craze. Coffee bars were a meeting place for all the types of youth and the coolest ones were said to be in [[Soho#Bohemian Soho|Soho]], [[London]]. +Professional social workers are generally considered those who hold a [[professional degree]] in social work and often also have a [[license]] or are professionally [[registration|registered]]. Social workers have organized themselves into local, national, and international [[Professional body|professional bodies]] to further the aims of the profession.
-In Britain, the political side of the Beat Generation was the [[anti-nuclear movement]] led by [[CND]]. ''Ban the Bomb'' marches became a very successful British social phenomenon. +==History==
-Teenage music and subculture was parodied in the [[1957]] play (and [[1962]] movie) [[The Music Man]], particularly in the song ''"Ya Got Trouble"''.+'''Social work''' has its roots in the struggle of [[society]] to ameliorate [[poverty]] and the resultant problems. Therefore, social work is intricately linked with the idea of [[Charity (virtue)|charity]] work; but must be understood in broader terms. The concept of [[Charity (practice)|charity]] goes back to ancient times, and the practice of providing for the poor has roots in all [[Major religious groups|major world religions]].
-In the United States and [[Australia]], [[Hawaii|Hawaiian]]-influenced [[Surfing]] was the new youth sport. A whole subculture grew around the sport and the associated parties, clothes, speech patterns and music. During the same time-frame [[skateboard]] riding developed as a parallel lifestyle to wave riding. Both forms of board riding continued throughout the remainder of the century and into the next. From these two sports young people learned to provide their own social structure within which they could display skills and excellence.+The practice and profession of modern social work has a relatively recent scientific origin, originating in the [[19th Century]]. The movement began primarily in the [[United States]] and [[England]].
-In the [[Congo Free State]] (now known as the [[Democratic Republic of the Congo]]), a youth subculture known as the [[Bills]] flourished, taking [[Western (genre)|Western movies]] and [[cowboy]]s as their main influence.+After the end of [[feudalism]], the poor were seen as a more direct threat to the [[social order]],{{Fact|date=April 2008}} and so the state formed an organized system to care for them. The development of the profession was linked closely with [[public health]] and [[psychiatry]], and over the 20th century expanded to include [[Critical theory|radical]] and [[Feminism|feminist]] philosophies.
-In the [[Netherlands]] we see two youth groups evolving in big cities like Amsterdam, Rotterdam and Utrecht. One group, the [[Nozem]]s, similar to the British Teds, and another called the Artiestelingen, who can be compared to the bohemian artists of pre-world-war France. The Nozems spent their time listening to rock and roll music, driving motorcycles through town and picking up ladies while the Artiestelingen would discuss philosophy, paint, draw and listen to jazz music. 
-== See also == 
-* [[1900-World War I subcultures ]]+===Types of International, Social and Community practice===
-* [[World War I subcultures ]]+* [[Academic]]
-* [[1920s and 1930s subcultures ]]+* [[Community development]]
-* [[1940s subcultures ]]+* Community education
-* [[1950s subcultures ]]+* [[Community organizing]]
-* [[1960s subcultures ]]+* [[Critical social work]]
-* [[1970s subcultures ]]+* [[Human Rights]]
-* [[1980s subcultures ]]+* [[International Development]]
-* [[1990s subcultures ]]+* [[International Relations]]
 +* [[Mediation]]
 +* Neighborhood development
 +* Policy advocacy
 +* [[Policy analysis]]
 +* [[Political participation]]
 +* Program development
 +* [[Program evaluation]]
 +* [[Relationship Education]]
 +* [[Research]]
 +* [[Social action]]
 +* [[Social change]]
 +* [[Social Justice]]
 +* [[Social movement]]
 +* [[Social planning]]}}
 + 
 +==See also==
 +*[[Personal practice model (social work)|Personal practice model]]
 +*[[Barefoot social work]]
 +*[[Caseworker]]
 +*[[School social worker]]
 +*[[Social Work in the Military]]
 +*[[Tony Vinson]]
 +*[[Michel Foucault]]
 +*[[Approved Social Worker]]
 +*[[Licensed Clinical Social Worker]]
 +*[[Combat Stress]]
 +*[[SSAFA Forces Help]]
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Social work is both a profession and social science. It involves the application of social theory and research methods to study and improve the lives of people, groups, and societies. It incorporates and uses other social sciences as a means to improve the human condition and positively change society's response to chronic problems.

Social work is a profession committed to the pursuit of social justice, to the enhancement of the quality of life, and to the development of the full potential of each individual, group and community in the society. It seeks to simultaneously address and resolve social issues at every level of society and economic status, but especially among the poor and sick.

Social workers are concerned with social problems, their causes, their solutions and their human impacts. They work with individuals, families, groups, organizations and communities.

Social work and human history go together. Social work was always in human societies although it began to be a defined pursuit and profession in the 19th century. This definition was in response to societal problems that resulted from the Industrial Revolution and an increased interest in applying scientific theory to various aspects of study. Eventually an increasing number of educational institutions began to offer social work programmes.

The settlement movement's emphasis on advocacy and case work became part of social work practice. During the 20th century, the profession began to rely more on research and evidenced-based practice as it attempted to improve its professionalism. Today social workers are employed in a myriad of pursuits and settings.

Professional social workers are generally considered those who hold a professional degree in social work and often also have a license or are professionally registered. Social workers have organized themselves into local, national, and international professional bodies to further the aims of the profession.

History

Social work has its roots in the struggle of society to ameliorate poverty and the resultant problems. Therefore, social work is intricately linked with the idea of charity work; but must be understood in broader terms. The concept of charity goes back to ancient times, and the practice of providing for the poor has roots in all major world religions.

The practice and profession of modern social work has a relatively recent scientific origin, originating in the 19th Century. The movement began primarily in the United States and England.

After the end of feudalism, the poor were seen as a more direct threat to the social order,Template:Fact and so the state formed an organized system to care for them. The development of the profession was linked closely with public health and psychiatry, and over the 20th century expanded to include radical and feminist philosophies.


Types of International, Social and Community practice

See also




Unless indicated otherwise, the text in this article is either based on Wikipedia article "Social work" or another language Wikipedia page thereof used under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License; or on research by Jahsonic and friends. See Art and Popular Culture's copyright notice.

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