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== In the visual arts == == In the visual arts ==
-For the salon of 1787, [[Jacques-Louis David]] exhibited his famous ''Death of Socrates''.+== See also ==
- +* ''[[Socrate]]'', a symphonic drama by [[Erik Satie]].
 +* ''[[The Plot To Save Socrates]]'', a science fiction novel by [[Paul Levinson]].
 +* ''[[On the Concept of Irony with Continual Reference to Socrates]]'', a treatise on Socrates and [[Irony#Socratic irony|Socratic irony]] by [[Søren Kierkegaard]].
 +* For the salon of 1787, [[Jacques-Louis David]] exhibited his famous ''Death of Socrates'', it now hangs at the MET in New York.
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Revision as of 20:15, 28 June 2007

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Kunstformen der Natur (1904) by Ernst Haeckel
Kunstformen der Natur (1904) by Ernst Haeckel

Socrates (circa 470399 BC) was an ancient Greek countercultural philosopher who is widely credited for laying the foundation for Western philosophy, and is held as its most influential practitioner. The most important source of information concerning Socrates is Plato. Plato's dialogues portray Socrates as a teacher who denies having disciples, as a man of reason who obeys a divine voice in his head, and a pious man who is executed for the state's own expediency. Socrates disparages the pleasures of the senses, yet is excited by beauty; he is devoted to the education of the citizens of Athens, yet indifferent to his own sons.

The trial and execution of Socrates was the climax of his career and the central event of the dialogues of Plato. According to Plato, both were unnecessary. Socrates admits in court that he could have avoided the trial by abandoning philosophy and going home to mind his own business. After his conviction, he could have avoided the death penalty by escaping with the help of his friends. The reason for his cooperation with the state's mandate forms a valuable philosophical insight in its own right, and is best articulated by the dialogues themselves, especially in his dialogue with Crito.

In the visual arts

See also

Unless indicated otherwise, the text in this article is either based on Wikipedia article "Socrates" or another language Wikipedia page thereof used under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License; or on original research by Jahsonic and friends. See Art and Popular Culture's copyright notice.

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