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-In [[linguistics]], '''syntax''' (from [[Ancient Greek]] {{lang|grc|συν-}} ''syn-'', "together", and {{lang|grc|τάξις}} ''táxis'', "arrangement") is the study of the principles and rules for constructing [[Sentence (linguistics)|sentence]]s in [[natural language]]s. In addition to referring to the discipline, the term ''syntax'' is also used to refer directly to the rules and principles that govern the sentence structure of any individual language, as in "the [[Irish syntax|syntax of Modern Irish]]". Modern research in syntax attempts to [[descriptive linguistics|describe languages]] in terms of such rules. Many professionals in this discipline attempt to find [[Universal Grammar|general rules]] that apply to all natural languages. The term ''syntax'' is also sometimes used to refer to the rules governing the behavior of mathematical systems, such as [[logic]], artificial formal languages, and [[computer programming]] languages.+In [[linguistics]], '''syntax''' (from [[Ancient Greek]] ''syn-'', "together", and ''táxis'', "arrangement") is the study of the principles and rules for constructing [[Sentence (linguistics)|sentence]]s in [[natural language]]s. In addition to referring to the discipline, the term ''syntax'' is also used to refer directly to the rules and principles that govern the sentence structure of any individual language, as in "the [[Irish syntax|syntax of Modern Irish]]". Modern research in syntax attempts to [[descriptive linguistics|describe languages]] in terms of such rules. Many professionals in this discipline attempt to find [[Universal Grammar|general rules]] that apply to all natural languages. The term ''syntax'' is also sometimes used to refer to the rules governing the behavior of mathematical systems, such as [[logic]], artificial formal languages, and [[computer programming]] languages.
 +== See also ==
 +* [[Algebraic syntax]]
 +* [[Grammar]]
 +* [[List of syntactic phenomena]]
 +* [[Musical syntax]]
 +* [[Phrase]]
 +* [[Phrase structure rules]]
 +* ''[[Simpler Syntax]]'' (book)
 +* [[Syntax (journal)|''Syntax'']] ([[academic journal]])
 +* [[Syntactic category]]
 +* [[Syntax (programming languages)]]
 +* [[Usage]]
 +* [[X-bar theory]]
 + 
 + 
 +=== Syntactic terms ===
 +<div style="-moz-column-count:3; column-count:3;">
 +* [[Adjective]]
 +** [[Attributive adjective and predicative adjective]]
 +* [[Adjunct (grammar)|Adjunct]]
 +* [[Adverb]]
 +* [[Antecedent-contained deletion]]
 +* [[Appositive]]
 +* [[Article (grammar)|Article]]
 +* [[Grammatical aspect|Aspect]]
 +* [[Auxiliary verb]]
 +* [[Grammatical case|Case]]
 +*[[c-command]]
 +* [[Clause]]
 +* [[Closed class word]]
 +* [[Comparative]]
 +* [[Complement (linguistics)|Complement]]
 +* [[Compound (linguistics)|Compound noun and adjective]]
 +* [[Differential Object Marking]]
 +* [[Grammatical conjugation|Conjugation]]
 +* [[Grammatical conjunction|Conjunction]]
 +* [[Dangling modifier]]
 +* [[Declension]]
 +* [[determiner (linguistics)|Determiner]]
 +* [[Dual grammatical number|Dual]] (form for two)
 +* [[Syntactic expletive|Expletive]]
 +* [[Function word]]
 +* [[Grammatical gender|Gender]]
 +* [[Gerund]]
 +*[[government and binding theory]]
 +* [[Infinitive]]
 +*[[m-command]]
 +* [[Measure word]] (classifier)
 +* [[Modal particle]]
 +* [[Movement paradox]]
 + 
 +* [[Grammatical modifier|Modifier]]
 +* [[Grammatical mood|Mood]]
 +* [[Nanosyntax]]
 +* [[Noun]]
 +* [[Grammatical number|Number]]
 +* [[Object (grammar)|Object]]
 +* [[Open class word]]
 +* [[Parasitic gap]]
 +* [[Part of speech]]
 +* [[Grammatical particle|Particle]]
 +* [[Grammatical person|Person]]
 +* [[Phrase]]
 +* [[Phrasal verb]]
 +* [[Plural]]
 +* [[Predicate (grammar)|Predicate]] (also verb phrase)
 +* [[Predicative (adjectival or nominal)]]
 +* [[Preposition]]
 +* [[Personal pronoun]]
 +* [[Pronoun]]
 +* [[Restrictive clause|Restrictiveness]]
 +* [[Sandhi]]
 +* [[Sentence (linguistics)]]
 +* [[Grammatical number|Singular]]
 +* [[Subject (grammar)|Subject]]
 +* [[Superlative]]
 +* [[Grammatical tense|Tense]]
 +* [[Uninflected word]]
 +* [[Verb]]
 +* [[Grammatical voice|Voice]]
 +* [[Wh-movement]]
 +* [[Word order]]
 +* [[Merge (linguistics)|Merge]]
 +</div>
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In linguistics, syntax (from Ancient Greek syn-, "together", and táxis, "arrangement") is the study of the principles and rules for constructing sentences in natural languages. In addition to referring to the discipline, the term syntax is also used to refer directly to the rules and principles that govern the sentence structure of any individual language, as in "the syntax of Modern Irish". Modern research in syntax attempts to describe languages in terms of such rules. Many professionals in this discipline attempt to find general rules that apply to all natural languages. The term syntax is also sometimes used to refer to the rules governing the behavior of mathematical systems, such as logic, artificial formal languages, and computer programming languages.

See also


Syntactic terms




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