Transcription (linguistics)  

From The Art and Popular Culture Encyclopedia

(Difference between revisions)
Jump to: navigation, search
Revision as of 20:12, 27 September 2009
Jahsonic (Talk | contribs)

← Previous diff
Current revision
Jahsonic (Talk | contribs)

Line 1: Line 1:
{{Template}} {{Template}}
-A '''scribe''' (or '''scrivener''') is a person who writes books or documents by hand as a profession. The profession, previously found in all literate cultures in some form, lost most of its importance and status with the advent of [[printing]]. The work could involve copying books, including sacred texts, or secretarial and administrative duties such as taking of dictation and the keeping of business, judicial and historical records for [[monarch|kings]], [[nobility]], [[temples#religion|temples]] and [[cities]]. Later the profession developed into [[public servants]], [[journalists]], [[accountants]] and [[lawyers]].+'''Transcription''' is the conversion into written, typewritten or printed form, of a [[spoken language|spoken-language]] source, as in the proceedings of a court hearing. It can also mean the conversion of a written source into another medium, as by scanning [[book]]s and making digital versions. A '''transcriptionist''' is a person who performs transcription.
-==See also==+ 
-* [[Copying]]+In a strict linguistic sense, ''transcription'' is the process of matching the sounds of human speech to special written symbols, using a set of exact rules, so that these sounds can be reproduced later.
-* [[Elder (religious)]]+ 
-* [[Scrivener]]+==Principles==
-* [[Scriptorium]]+Transcription as a mapping from sound to script must be distinguished from [[transliteration]], which creates a mapping from one script to another that is designed to match the original script as directly as possible.
-* [[The Seated Scribe]]+ 
-* [[Transcription (linguistics)]]+Standard transcription schemes for linguistic purposes include the [[International Phonetic Alphabet]] (IPA), and its ASCII equivalent, [[SAMPA]]. See also [[phonetic transcription]].
-* [[Transliteration]]+ 
-* [[Uncial]]+Transcription is often confused with [[transliteration]], due to a common journalistic practice of mixing elements of both in rendering foreign names. The resulting practical transcription is a hybrid that is called both "transcription" and "transliteration" by the general public.
-* [[Worshipful Company of Scriveners]]+ 
-===Notable scribes===+In this table [[International Phonetic Alphabet|IPA]] is an example of [[phonetic transcription]] of the name of the former Russian president known in English as [[Boris Yeltsin]], followed by accepted hybrid forms in various languages. "Boris" is a transliteration rather than a transcription in the strict sense.
-* [[Ahmes]]+ 
-* [[Amat-Mamu]]+
-* [[Bartleby the Scrivener]]+
-* [[Baruch]]+
-* [[Dubhaltach MacFhirbhisigh]]+
-* [[Máel Muire mac Céilechair]]+
-* [[Michael William Balfe]]+
-* [[Sidney Rigdon]]+
-* [[Sin-liqe-unninni]]+
{{GFDL}} {{GFDL}}

Current revision

Related e

Google
Wikipedia
Wiktionary
Wiki Commons
Wikiquote
Wikisource
YouTube
Shop


Featured:
Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.
Enlarge
Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.

Transcription is the conversion into written, typewritten or printed form, of a spoken-language source, as in the proceedings of a court hearing. It can also mean the conversion of a written source into another medium, as by scanning books and making digital versions. A transcriptionist is a person who performs transcription.

In a strict linguistic sense, transcription is the process of matching the sounds of human speech to special written symbols, using a set of exact rules, so that these sounds can be reproduced later.

Principles

Transcription as a mapping from sound to script must be distinguished from transliteration, which creates a mapping from one script to another that is designed to match the original script as directly as possible.

Standard transcription schemes for linguistic purposes include the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA), and its ASCII equivalent, SAMPA. See also phonetic transcription.

Transcription is often confused with transliteration, due to a common journalistic practice of mixing elements of both in rendering foreign names. The resulting practical transcription is a hybrid that is called both "transcription" and "transliteration" by the general public.

In this table IPA is an example of phonetic transcription of the name of the former Russian president known in English as Boris Yeltsin, followed by accepted hybrid forms in various languages. "Boris" is a transliteration rather than a transcription in the strict sense.





Unless indicated otherwise, the text in this article is either based on Wikipedia article "Transcription (linguistics)" or another language Wikipedia page thereof used under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License; or on original research by Jahsonic and friends. See Art and Popular Culture's copyright notice.

Personal tools