What Is Metaphysics?  

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"[[What Is Metaphysics?]]" (German: '''Was ist Metaphysik?''') is the inaugural lecture by [[Martin Heidegger]] given on July 24, 1929. "[[What Is Metaphysics?]]" (German: '''Was ist Metaphysik?''') is the inaugural lecture by [[Martin Heidegger]] given on July 24, 1929.
-==German text==+==Criticism==
-'''Was ist Metaphysik?''' ist der Titel eines von [[Martin Heidegger]] am 24. Juli 1929 gehaltenen Vortrags. Es ist die öffentliche Antrittsvorlesung Heideggers, der zu diesem Zeitpunkt an der [[Albert-Ludwigs-Universität Freiburg|Freiburger Universität]] den Lehrstuhl [[Edmund Husserl|Husserls]] übernahm. +"[[Elimination of Metaphysics through Logical Analysis of Language]]" (1931) is an essay by [[Rudolf Carnap]] which illustrates some important differences between "[[analytic philosophy|analytic]]" and "[[continental philosophy|continental]]" styles of philosophy. It argues that [[Martin Heidegger]]'s lecture "[[What Is Metaphysics?]]" violates logical syntax to create nonsensical pseudo-statements (Scheinsätze). Moreover, Carnap claimed that many German metaphysicians of the era were similar to Heidegger in writing statements that were not merely false, but devoid of any meaning.
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-Heidegger bestimmt in dem Vortrag den Menschen als das Wesen, welches in der [[Metaphysik]] nach dem Ganzen fragt. Er setzt sich mit der Beziehung von [[Philosophie]] und [[Wissenschaft]] auseinander, indem er deren Verhältnis zum [[Nichts]] thematisiert. Dabei zeigt sich, dass erst durch das Nichts die „Grundfrage“ der Philosophie und somit auch der Wissenschaft motiviert wird: „Warum ist überhaupt Seiendes und nicht vielmehr [[Nichts]]?“ Da die [[Logik]] sich als untauglich erweist, das Nichts zu begreifen, lehnt Heidegger sie als zentrale Methode der Metaphysik ab.+
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-Der Vortrag stellt einen wichtigen Übergang zwischen dem [[Denken]] aus ''[[Sein und Zeit]]“'' und Heideggers Spätwerk dar. Seine Bedeutung lässt sich auch daran ermessen, dass Heidegger nachträglich 1943 ein Nachwort und 1949 eine Einleitung verfasst, in denen er sich jeweils selbst interpretiert. +
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Revision as of 14:58, 16 November 2016

"What is to be investigated is being only and—nothing else; being alone and further—nothing; solely being, and beyond being— nothing. What about this Nothing? . . . Does the Nothing exist only because the Not, i.e. the Negation, exists? Or is it the other way around? Does Negation and the Not exist only because the Nothing exists? . . . We assert: the Nothing is prior to the Not and the Negation. . . . Where do we seek the Nothing? How do we find the Nothing. . . . We know the Nothing. . . . Anxiety reveals the Nothing. . . . That for which and because of which we were anxious, was 'really'—nothing. Indeed: the Nothing itself—as such—was present. . . . What about this Nothing?The Nothing itself nothings." --What Is Metaphysics?, 1929, Martin Heidegger

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"What Is Metaphysics?" (German: Was ist Metaphysik?) is the inaugural lecture by Martin Heidegger given on July 24, 1929.

Criticism

"Elimination of Metaphysics through Logical Analysis of Language" (1931) is an essay by Rudolf Carnap which illustrates some important differences between "analytic" and "continental" styles of philosophy. It argues that Martin Heidegger's lecture "What Is Metaphysics?" violates logical syntax to create nonsensical pseudo-statements (Scheinsätze). Moreover, Carnap claimed that many German metaphysicians of the era were similar to Heidegger in writing statements that were not merely false, but devoid of any meaning.




Unless indicated otherwise, the text in this article is either based on Wikipedia article "What Is Metaphysics?" or another language Wikipedia page thereof used under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License; or on original research by Jahsonic and friends. See Art and Popular Culture's copyright notice.

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