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Illustration: Laocoön and His Sons ("Clamores horrendos" detail), photo by Marie-Lan Nguyen.
Illustration: Laocoön and His Sons ("Clamores horrendos" detail), photo by Marie-Lan Nguyen.

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Kunstformen der Natur (1904) by Ernst Haeckel
Kunstformen der Natur (1904) by Ernst Haeckel

Agony (Greek αγωνία, agonía "the suffering, the struggle") is unbearable suffering.

Agony is the term for extreme pain (internal or external) that may or may not last very long. One may be in agony when hurt very badly, for instance when stabbed or burned, or experiencing some kind of body malfunction.

Agony is mentioned in various religions. Christians refer to Christ's anguish in Gethsemane as 'the agony', and the church near the Garden of Gethsemane is known as the Church of the Agony.

Jews use the term for the ethnic catastrophe of the Holocaust in Germany's Third Reich.

Agony is suffered in some terminal illnesses, such as cancer, and is sometimes scarcely relieved even by heroin. In many U.S. hospitals, pain is measured on a self-anchoring scale from 0 to 9, in which the patient is asked to rank personal pain. Nine is considered agony.



Corresponding noun of Ancient Greek ἀγείρω (ageírō, “to gather”), with later senses from ἄγω (ágō, “to lead”). Confer Sanskrit गण (gaṇa, “troop, gang, flock, tribe, assembly, company”); Ancient Greek ᾰ̓γορᾱ́ (agorā́, “assembly”), Sanskrit ग्राम (grāma, “multitude, troop, assembly, collective”); Sanskrit आजि (ājí, “race, competition, battle”).



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Unless indicated otherwise, the text in this article is either based on Wikipedia article "Agony" or another language Wikipedia page thereof used under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License; or on original research by Jahsonic and friends. See Art and Popular Culture's copyright notice.

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