From The Art and Popular Culture Encyclopedia
Aleksandr Isayevich Solzhenitsyn (December 11 1918 – August 3 2008 was a Russian novelist, dramatist and historian. Through his writings, he made the world aware of the Gulag, the Soviet labour camp system, and for these efforts, Solzhenitsyn was both awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1970 and exiled from the Soviet Union in 1974. He returned to Russia in 1994. That year, he was elected as a member of the Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts in the Department of Language and Literature. He was the father of Ignat Solzhenitsyn, a well-known conductor and pianist. He died at home after years of declining health on August 3, 2008.
Published works and speeches
- One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich (1962; novel)
- An Incident at Krechetovka Station (1963; novella)
- Matryona's Place (1963; novella)
- For the Good of the Cause (1964; novella)
- The First Circle (1968; novel)
- The Cancer Ward (1968; novel)
- The Love-Girl and the Innocent (1969; play), aka The Prisoner and the Camp Hooker or The Tenderfoot and the Tart.
- Nobel Prize delivered speech (1970)The speech was delivered to the Swedish Academy in writing and not actually given as a lecture.
- August 1914 (1971). The beginning of a history of the birth of the USSR in an historical novel. The novel centers on the disastrous loss in the Battle of Tannenberg (1914) in August, 1914, and the ineptitude of the military leadership. Other works, similarly titled, follow the story: see The Red Wheel (overall title).
- The Gulag Archipelago (three volumes) (1973–1978), not a memoir, but a history of the entire process of developing and administering a police state in the Soviet Union.
- Prussian Nights (Finished in 1951, first published in 1974; poetry)
- Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn's speech at the Nobel Banquet at the City Hall in Stockholm, December 10, 1974
- Aleksandr Isaevich Solzhenitsyn, A Letter to the Soviet leaders, Collins: Harvill Press (1974), ISBN 0-06-013913-7
- The Oak and the Calf (1975)
- Lenin in Zürich (1976; separate publication of chapters on Lenin, none of them published before this point, from The Red Wheel. They were later incorporated into the 1984 edition of the expanded August, 1914.)
- Warning to the West (1976; 5 speeches (translated to English), 3 to the Americans in 1975 and 2 to the British in 1976)
- Harvard Commencement Address (1978) link
- The Mortal Danger: Misconceptions about Soviet Russia and the Threat to America (1980)
- Pluralists (1983; political pamphlet)
- November 1916 (1983; novel)
- Victory Celebration (1983)
- Prisoners (1983)
- Godlessness, the First Step to the Gulag. Templeton Prize Address, London, May 10 (1983)
- August 1914 (1984; novel, much-expanded edition)
- Rebuilding Russia (1990)
- March 1917 (1990)
- April 1917
- The Russian Question (1995)
- Invisible Allies (1997)
- Russia under Avalanche (Россия в обвале,1998; political pamphlet) Complete text in Russian
- Two Hundred Years Together (2003) on Russian-Jewish relations since 1772, aroused ambiguous public response.