Louis-Pierre Anquetil  

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Kunstformen der Natur (1904) by Ernst Haeckel
Kunstformen der Natur (1904) by Ernst Haeckel

Louis-Pierre Anquetil (21 February 1723 – 6 September 1808) was a French historian.


He was born in Paris on 21 February 1723.Template:Sfn In 1741, he joined the religious community of the Génofévains, where he took holy orders and became professor of theology and literature.Later, he became rector of the seminary at Reims, where he published the 3-volume "Civil and Political History of Reims" (Template:Lang-fr), in 1756 and 1757.Template:Sfn In 1759, he was appointed prior of the abbey de la Roe in Anjou; shortly thereafter he became director of the college of Senlis.Template:Sfn While there, he composed a history of France in the 16th and 17th centuries (Template:Lang) published in 1767.Template:Sfn The year before, he had obtained the curacy or priory of Chateau-Renard near Montargis.Template:Sfn He also became a member of the Académie des Inscriptions et Belles-Lettres.

At the beginning of the French Revolution, he moved to the curacy of La Villette near Paris but, during the Reign of Terror, he was imprisoned at St-Lazare.Template:Sfn While there, he began his summary of world history (Template:Lang), afterwards published in nine volumes.Template:Sfn On the establishment of the National Institute, he was elected as a 2nd-class member of the Academy of Moral and Political Science.Template:Sfn He was also employed by the French Ministry of Foreign Affairs,Template:Sfn an experience which informed his treatment of the last three kings of the Ancient Regime (Template:Lang).Template:Sfn

He is said to have been asked by Napoleon to write his 14-volume "History of France" (Template:Lang, 1805). Augustin Thierry criticized the work as "cold and colourless", and mentioned that Anquetil compared unfavorably to other noted French historians.Template:Sfn The work was compiled at second or third handTemplate:Sfn and censurable in many respectsTemplate:Sfn but went through numerous editions and made Anquetil famous. It was continued by Adolphe Bouillet in 6 more volumes.Template:Sfn He died on 6 September 1808.Template:Sfn

His younger brother Abraham was a famous orientalist.

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