From The Art and Popular Culture Encyclopedia
18th century: precursors
Sir William Hamilton, Charles Townley, Richard Payne Knight, Vivant Denon, Baron d'Hancarville were the first to show an interest in the phallic worship of ancient erotica. In print, this resulted in the fanciful Veneres et Priapi, uti observantur in gemmis antiquis (1771, d'Hancarville), L'Oeuvre priapique (1793, Vivant Denon) and The Worship of Priapus (1786, Knight).
In early filmmaking
Its analogy in early filmmaking are travelogues that showed primitive cultures, noble savages in various states of nudity: at the time, nudity was forbidden, except under the this pretense of showing 'primitive' cultures. See also human zoos.
Burton, Malinowski and Mead
The Terminal Essay (1885) by Richard Francis Burton, The Sexual Life of Savages in North-Western Melanesia (1929) by Bronisław Malinowski and Coming of Age in Samoa (1928) by Margaret Mead also deserve mention here.
- Art as an excuse for depicting prurient interests
- Education as an excuse for depicting prurient interests
- Erotic folklore
- Pretexts for nudity in film
- Psychological anthropology