Franz Mesmer  

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Kunstformen der Natur (1904) by Ernst Haeckel
Kunstformen der Natur (1904) by Ernst Haeckel

Franz Anton Mesmer (born Friedrich Anton Mesmer May 23, 1734March 5, 1815) discovered what he called magn├ętisme animal (animal magnetism and others often called mesmerism. The evolution of Mesmer's ideas and practices led James Braid (1795-1860) to develop hypnosis in 1842, his name being the root of the English verb 'mesmerize'.

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