From The Art and Popular Culture Encyclopedia
Art and culture
- 1572 - In the Eighty Years' War, the Watergeuzen capture Brielle from the Spaniards, gaining the first foothold on land for what would become the Dutch Republic.
- 1819 - The Vampyre by John William Polidori first published.
- 1854 - Hard Times begins serialisation in Charles Dickens magazine, Household Words.
- 1857 - Herman Melville publishes The Confidence-Man.
- 1867 - Exposition Universelle (1867) officialy opened
- 1924 - Adolf Hitler is sentenced to five years in jail for his participation in the "Beer Hall Putsch." However, he spends only nine months in jail, during which he writes the book Mein Kampf.
- 2002 - The Netherlands legalizes euthanasia, becoming the first nation in the world to do so.
- 1647 - John Wilmot, 2nd Earl of Rochester, English poet (d. 1680)
- 1697 - Antoine François Prévost, French author and novelist (d. 1763)
- 1753 - Joseph de Maistre, French diplomat and writer (d. 1821)
- 1809 - Nikolai Gogol, Russian writer (d. 1852)
- 1828 - Etienne Carjat, French journalist, caricaturist and photographer (d. 1906)
- 1875 - Edgar Wallace, English writer (d. 1932)
- 1883 - Lon Chaney, Sr., American actor (d. 1930)
- 1897 - Nita Naldi, American actress (d. 1961)
- 1908 - Abraham Maslow, American psychologist (d. 1970)
- 1929 - Milan Kundera, Czech-born writer
- 1933 - Dan Flavin, American artist (d. 1996)
- 1936 - Koji Wakamatsu, Japanese film director (The Embryo Hunts in Secret)
- 1942 - Samuel R. Delany, American author
- 1948 - Jimmy Cliff, Jamaican musician
- 1948 - Catherine Millet , French art critic and curator (The Sexual Life of Catherine M..)
- 1949 - Gil Scott-Heron, American musician and composer
- 1953 - Barry Sonnenfeld, producer and director
- 1917 - Scott Joplin, American musician and composer (b. 1868)
- 1962 - Michel De Ghelderode, Belgian dramatist (Le Grand Macabre) (b. 1898)
- 1966 - Flann O'Brien, Irish novelist and satirist (b. 1911)
- 1976 - Max Ernst, German artist (b. 1891)
- 1984 - Marvin Gaye, American singer (b. 1939)
- 1991 - Martha Graham, American dancer and choreographer (b. 1894)
- 1994 - Robert Doisneau, French photographer (b. 1912)