From The Art and Popular Culture Encyclopedia
- 1770 – James Cook arrives at and names Botany Bay, Australia.
- 1945 - Adolf Hitler marries his long-time partner Eva Braun in a Berlin bunker
- 1945 - The Dachau concentration camp is liberated by United States troops.
- 1963 - Flaming Creatures theatrical debut at Bleecker Street Cinemas
- 1967 Pink Floyd's 'The 14 Hour Technicolor Dream', took place at Alexandra Palace
- 1982 - Nancy Stillman discovers Lester Bangs dead in his apartment. On his record deck was the Human League’s Dare, LP hit of that winter, just bought, and actually still revolving, the needle crackling in the run-out groove.
- 1780 – Charles Nodier, French writer (d. 1844)
- 1834 – Henry Spencer Ashbee, British erotomaniac
- 1837 – Georges Boulanger, French general and politician (d. 1891)
- 1854 – Henri Poincaré, French mathematician and physicist (d. 1912)
- 1863 – William Randolph Hearst, American publisher (d. 1951)
- 1882 – Hendrik Nicolaas Werkman, Dutch artist and printer (d. 1945)
- 1899 – Duke Ellington, American jazz pianist and bandleader (d. 1974)
- 1901 – Hirohito, Emperor of Japan (d. 1989)
- 1907 – Tino Rossi, French singer and actor (d. 1983)
- 1907 – Fred Zinnemann, Austrian-born American film director (d. 1997)
- 1917 – Maya Deren, American avant-garde filmmaker and film theorist (d. 1961)
- 1922 – Toots Thielemans, Belgian jazz guitarist and harmonica player (d. 2016)
- 1930 – Jean Rochefort, French actor
- 1937 – Wannes Van de Velde, Flemish singer, musician, poet and artist (d. 2008)
- 1937 – Hasil Adkins, American musician (d. 2005)
- 1945 – Tammi Terrell, American singer (d. 1970)
- 1958 – Michelle Pfeiffer, American actress
- 1970 – Uma Thurman, American actress
- 1658 – John Cleveland, English poet (b. 1613)
- 1841 - Aloysius Bertrand, French writer who introduced the prose poem into French literature and inspired Symbolist poets.
- 1951 – Ludwig Wittgenstein, Austrian-born philosopher (b. 1889)
- 1953 - Kiki, French muse and Reine de la Montparnasse (b. 1901)
- 1967 – Anthony Mann, American actor and director (b. 1906)
- 1980 – Alfred Hitchcock, English film director (b. 1899)
- 2008 – Albert Hofmann, Swiss chemist, known as the first to synthesize LSD (b. 1906)
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