From The Art and Popular Culture Encyclopedia
Art and culture
- 1327 - The poet Petrarch first sees his idealized love, Laura, in the church of Saint Clare in Avignon.
- 1869 - Celluloid is patented.
- 1968 - American release of Stanley Kubrick's epic science-fiction film 2001: A Space Odyssey.
- 1483 - Raphael, Italian painter and architect (d. 1520)
- 1812 - Alexander Herzen, Russian writer (d. 1870)
- 1820 - Nadar, French photographer (d. 1910)
- 1826 - Gustave Moreau, French painter (d. 1898)
- 1860 - René Lalique, French glass designer (d. 1945)
- 1888 - Hans Richter, German painter, graphic artist and film-experimenter and producer. (d. 1976)
- 1898 - Jeanne Hebuterne, French artist and common-law wife of the artist Amedeo Modigliani (d. 1920)
- 1902 - Julien Torma, French writer, playwright and poet (d. 1933)
- 1917 - Leonora Carrington, British-born Mexican novelist and surrealist painter (d. 2011)
- 1936 - Manfred Schoof, German jazz trumpet player
- 1937 - Merle Haggard, American musician
- 1942 - Barry Levinson, American film producer/director
- 1948 - Philippe Garrel, French filmmaker (My Mother)
- 1963 - Andrew Weatherall, English DJ, producer, and remixer.
- 1520 - Raphael, Italian painter and architect (b. 1483)
- 1528 - Albrecht Dürer, German artist (b. 1471)
- 1958 - Vítězslav Nezval, Czech writer (Valerie and Her Week of Wonders) (b. 1900)
- 1971 - Igor Stravinsky, Russian composer (b. 1882)
- 1980 - Antony Balch, British film director and distributor (Horror Hospital) (b. 1937)
- 1992 - Isaac Asimov, Russian-born author (b. 1920)
- 1998 - Bob Cresse, American director (Mondo Bizarro) (b. 1936)
- 1998 - Tammy Wynette, American singer (b. 1942)
- 2003 - Babatunde Olatunji, Nigerian drummer (b. 1927)