Arcade (architecture)  

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Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.
Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.
The Arcades Project

An arcade is a passageway or walkway covered over by a succession of arches or vaults supported by columns, or else it is a covered passage fronted by a series of arches.

In cities, buildings along their street-level fronts, the interior faces of city walls, and bridges covered by arcades all became popular locations for small shops and stalls. They were protected from sun and weather and attracted considerable, guaranteed foot traffic. Over time, the term "arcade" came to be used specifically for streets lined with small vendors. (Roofed-over arcades, known in Italy as gallerias, later developed into shopping malls.)

The term was also adopted by carnivals and amusement parks, where the row of shops selling food and other goods were joined by those offering games of various sorts and were called "amusement arcades" or "midways". Amusement arcades were later opened as permanent establishments. The games came to be known as arcade games, and since the explosion of electronic games in the 1970s these establishments became known as video arcades.

Early history

An arcade often surrounds part or all of a town square in Mediterranean climate cultures, such as in Italian architecture, Spanish architecture, Moorish architecture, Arabic architecture, Colonial architecture; and subsequent Mission Revival style architecture, Spanish Colonial Revival style architecture, and many other original and revival styles around the world.

In a Gothic architecture the arcade is: Interior; the lowest part of the wall of the nave, supporting the triforium and the clerestory in a cathedral Exterior; part of the courtyard cloisters surround.

Modern arcade walkways often include retailers.

Notable arcades

See also

Unless indicated otherwise, the text in this article is either based on Wikipedia article "Arcade (architecture)" or another language Wikipedia page thereof used under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License; or on original research by Jahsonic and friends. See Art and Popular Culture's copyright notice.

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