From The Art and Popular Culture Encyclopedia
Art and culture
- 1920 - Mamie Smith records "Crazy Blues," a huge success, selling over two million copies.
- 1930 - Betty Boop premieres in her first cartoon
- 1945 - World War II: Nagasaki is devastated when an atomic bomb is dropped by the United States. 70,000 people are killed instantly.
- 1948 - release in Montreal of Refus Global, anti-establishment and anti-religious manifesto
- 1969 - Members of a cult led by Charles Manson brutally murder pregnant actress Sharon Tate (wife of Roman Polanski), coffee heiress Abigail Folger, Polish actor Wojciech Frykowski, men's hairstylist Jay Sebring, and recent high-school graduate Steven Parent at 10050 Cielo Drive in Los Angeles, California.
- 1878 - Eileen Gray, Irish designer (d. 1976)
- 1896 - Léonide Massine, Russian choreographer (d. 1979)
- 1918 - Robert Aldrich, American filmmaker (d. 1983)
- 1944 - P. Adams Sitney, American film historian
- 1959 - Kurtis Blow, American rapper
- 1516 - Hieronymus Bosch, Dutch painter (b. c. 1450)
- 1816 - Johann August Apel, German jurist and writer (b. 1771)
- 1888 - Charles Cros, French writer (b. 1842)
- 1919 - Ernst Haeckel, German naturalist and illustrator (b. 1834)
- 1962 - Hermann Hesse, German-born writer, Nobel Prize Laureate (b. 1877)
- 1967 - Joe Orton, English writer (b. 1933)
- 1969 - Sharon Tate, American actress (murdered) (b. 1943)
- 1975 - Dmitri Shostakovich, Russian composer (b. 1906)
- 1982 - Alexandre Alexeieff, Russian-born animator (b. 1901)
- 1995 - Jerry Garcia, American musician (Grateful Dead) (b. 1942)
- 2002 - Peter Neville, anarchist, sociologist, and peace activist
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