Biopolitics  

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Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.
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Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.

Biopolitics is an intersectional field between biology and politics.

The term is commonly attributed to Rudolf Kjellén in the 1920s who also coined the term geopolitics; however, it appears in print at least as early as 1912. In contemporary US political science studies, usage of the term is mostly divided between a post-modernist group using the meaning assigned by Michel Foucault (denoting social and political power over life) and another group who uses it to denote studies relating biology and political science.

Definitions

  1. In the work of Michel Foucault, the style of government that regulates populations through biopower (the application and impact of political power on all aspects of human life).
  2. In the works of Michael Hardt and Antonio Negri, anti-capitalist insurrection using life and the body as weapons; examples include flight from power and, 'in its most tragic and revolting form', suicide terrorism. Conceptualised as the opposite of biopower, which is seen as the practice of sovereignty in biopolitical conditions.
  3. The political application of bioethics.
  4. A political spectrum that reflects positions towards the sociopolitical consequences of the biotech revolution.
  5. Political advocacy in support of, or in opposition to, some applications of biotechnology.
  6. Public policies regarding some applications of biotechnology.
  7. Political advocacy concerned with the welfare of all forms of life.




Unless indicated otherwise, the text in this article is either based on Wikipedia article "Biopolitics" or another language Wikipedia page thereof used under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License; or on original research by Jahsonic and friends. See Art and Popular Culture's copyright notice.

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