Birth dearth  

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Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.
Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.

Birth dearth is a neologism referring to falling fertility rates. In the late 1980s, the term was used in the context of American and European society. The use of the term has since been expanded to include many other industrialized nations. It is often cited as a response to overpopulation, but is not incompatible with it. The term was coined by Ben Wattenberg in his 1987 book by that same name.

Countries and geographic regions that are currently experiencing falling population include Russia, Europe, Japan, and populations of people of these descents in other countries such as in the United States.


Russia is often mentioned in articles concerning birth dearth because of its rapidly declining population, and the proposal by Vladimir Putin to offer women additional benefits for having more children. It is predicted that Russia's population will be an estimated 111 million in 2050, instead to 147 million in 2000 if current trends continue, according to the UN World Population Prospects report (2004 Revision, medium variant).


Europe is one of the few major geographic regions in the World that is expected to decline in population in the coming years. Europe's population is forecast to decline by nearly 70 million people by 2050, gas the total fertility rate has remained perpetually below the replacement rate. (Further information: Sub-replacement fertility and Population decline)

See also

Unless indicated otherwise, the text in this article is either based on Wikipedia article "Birth dearth" or another language Wikipedia page thereof used under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License; or on original research by Jahsonic and friends. See Art and Popular Culture's copyright notice.

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