Body integrity identity disorder  

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Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.
Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.

Body Integrity Identity Disorder (BIID), formerly known as Amputee Identity Disorder, is a psychological disorder wherein sufferers feel they would be happier living as an amputee. It is typically accompanied by the desire to amputate one or more healthy limbs to achieve that end.

The most widely accepted current theory on the origin of BIID is that it is a neurological failing of the brain's inner body mapping function (located in the right parietal lobe). According to this theory, the brain mapping does not incorporate the affected limb in its understanding of the body's physical form. (Mysteries of the Mind, Secret Life of the Brain E2, TVO documentary)

BIID in popular culture

  • Whole, a documentary about people with B.I.I.D., was broadcast in 2004
  • Armless (2010), a film in which the protagonist John leaves his wife and goes to New York City to find a doctor to amputate his arms.
  • In the Mental episode "Life and Limb," the patient Brian Jennings self amputates his healthy left hand and says he feels, "...better than I've ever felt—like a great weight has been lifted. My body is finally right...complete. I'm whole."
  • In the Nip/Tuck episode "Ben White," the title character wants a healthy leg amputated so he will feel whole.
  • In the CSI: NY episode "Outside Man," the detectives discover the world of BIID when a person with the disorder dies from an illegal amputation.
  • In the Grey's Anatomy episode "Haunt You Every Day," a former patient of Christina's claims his foot "isn't his," and wants a doctor to amputate it. He amputates it himself using a chainsaw. In the episode, the condition is incorrectly referred to as Body Dysmorphic Disorder.
  • In an episode of Casualty, a woman's leg is destroyed by a train. She is suspiciously unfazed by what has happened and she is later diagnosed with BIID.

See also

Unless indicated otherwise, the text in this article is either based on Wikipedia article "Body integrity identity disorder" or another language Wikipedia page thereof used under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License; or on original research by Jahsonic and friends. See Art and Popular Culture's copyright notice.

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