Cal Tjader  

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Cal Tjader (July 16 1925May 5 1982) was an American Latin jazz musician. Unlike other American jazz musicians who experimented with the music from Cuba, the Caribbean, and Latin America, he never abandoned it, performing it until his death.

Tjader primarily played the vibraphone. He was also accomplished on the drums, bongos, congas, timpani, and the piano. He worked with numerous musicians from several cultures. He is often linked to the development of Latin rock and acid jazz. Although fusing jazz with Latin music is often categorized as "Latin jazz" (or, earlier, "Afro-Cuban jazz"), Tjader's output swung freely between both styles.

Contents

Legacy

Alongside Lionel Hampton and Milt Jackson, many vibraphonists today count Tjader as a vital influence, including Dave Pike, Spyro Gyra's Dave Samuels, and Ruben Estrada. Latin rock guitarist Carlos Santana also named Tjader as a forebearer.

Tjader's legacy is associated with Gábor Szabó and Gary McFarland's, who worked and founded Skye Records together.

The American hip-hop band A Tribe Called Quest sampled songs from Cal's "Aquarius" as an outro to most of the songs on the album Midnight Marauders.

Discography

Albums

  • Vibrations (Savoy, 1951)
  • Cal Tjader: Vibist (Savoy, 1953)
  • Cal Tjader, Vol. 1 (Savoy, 1953)
  • The Cal Tjader Trio (Fantasy, 1953)
  • Tjader Plays Mambo (Fantasy, 1954)
  • Mambo with Tjader (Fantasy, 1954)
  • Tjader Plays Tjazz (Fantasy, 1954)
  • Plays Afro-Cuban (Fantasy, 1954)
  • Ritmo Caliente! (Fantasy, 1955)
  • Cal Tjader Quartet (Fantasy, 1956)
  • The Cal Tjader Quartet (Fantasy, 1956)
  • Latin Kick (Fantasy, 1956)
  • The Cal Tjader Quintet (Fantasy, 1956)
  • Jazz at the Blackhawk (Fantasy, 1957)
  • Más ritmo caliente (Fantasy, 1957)
  • Cal Tjader (Fantasy, 1957)
  • The Cal Tjader-Stan Getz Sextet (Fantasy, 1958)
  • Cal Tjader's Latin Concert (Fantasy, 1958)
  • Latin for Lovers with Strings (Fantasy, 1958)
  • San Francisco Moods (Fantasy, 1958)
  • Concert by the Sea, Vol. 1 (Fantasy, 1959)
  • Concert by the Sea, Vol. 2 (Fantasy, 1959)
  • Cal Tjader Goes Latin (Fantasy, 1959)
  • Live and Direct (Fantasy, 1959)
  • A Night at the Blackhawk (Fantasy, 1959)
  • Concert on the Campus (Fantasy, 1960)
  • Demasado caliente (Fantasy, 1960)
  • West Side Story (Fantasy, 1961)
  • In a Latin Bag (Verve, 1961)
  • The Cal Tjader Quartet (Fantasy, 1961)
  • Cal Tjader Plays, Mary Stallings Sings (Fantasy, 1962)
  • Cal Tjader Plays Harold Arlen (Fantasy, 1962)
  • Latino (Fantasy, 1962)
  • Saturday Night / Sunday Night at the Blackhawk, San Francisco (Verve, 1962)
  • Cal Tjader Plays the Contemporary Music of Mexico and Brazil (Verve, 1962)
  • Cal Tjader Live and Direct (Fantasy, 1962)
  • The Cal Tjader Quartet (Fantasy, 1962)
  • Anita O'Day / Cal Tjader: Time for Two (Verve, 1962)
  • Sona libre (Verve, 1963)
  • Several Shades of Jade (Verve, 1963)
  • Breeze from the East (Verve, 1963)
  • Warm Wave (Verve, 1964)
  • Soul Sauce (Verve, 1965)
  • Soul Bird: Whiffenpoof (Verve, 1965)
  • Soul Burst (Verve, 1966)
  • Cal Tjader and Eddie Palmieri: El sonido nuevo / The New Soul Sound (Verve, 1966)
  • Latin for Dancers (Fantasy, 1966)
  • Eddie Palmieri / Cal T'jader: Bamboléate (Tico, 1967)
  • Along Comes Cal (Verve, 1967)
  • Hip Vibrations (Verve, 1967)
  • The Prophet (Verve, 1968)
  • Solar Heat (Skye, 1968)
  • Sounds Out Burt Bacharach (Skye, 1968)
  • Plugs In (Skye, 1969)
  • Live at the Funky Quarters (Fantasy, 1970)
  • Primo (Fantasy, 1970)
  • Agua dulce (Fantasy, 1971)
  • Descarga (Fantasy, 1971)
  • Cal Tjader and Charlie Byrd: Tambu (Fantasy, 1973)
  • Puttin' It Together (Fantasy, 1975)
  • Amazonas (Fantasy, 1975)
  • Grace Cathedral Concert (Fantasy, 1976)
  • Guarabe (Fantasy, 1976)
  • Here (Fantasy, 1977)
  • Breathe Easy (Fantasy, 1977)
  • Tjader (Fantasy, 1978)
  • La onda va bien (Concord Picante, 1979)
  • Gózame! Pero ya (Concord Picante, 1980)
  • The Shining Sea (Concord Picante, 1981)
  • A fuego vivo (Concord Picante, 1981)
  • Cal Tjader and Carmen McRae: Heat Wave (Concord Jazz, 1982)
  • Good Vibes (Concord Picante, 1984)
  • Latin + Jazz = Cal Tjader (DCC, 1990; recorded 1968)
  • Huracán (LaserLight Digital, 1990; recorded 1978)
  • Last Night When We Were Young (Fantasy, 1991)
  • Concerts in the Sun (Fantasy, 2002; recordings from 1960)
  • Cuban Fantasy (Fantasy, 2003; live recordings from 1977)
  • Live at the Monterey Jazz Festival 1958-1980 (Concord, 2008)

Tribute albums

  • Louie Ramirez: Tribute to Cal Tjader (Caimán, 1986)
  • Clare Fischer: Tjaderama (Trend/Discovery, 1987)
  • Poncho Sanchez: Soul Sauce: Memories of Cal Tjader (Concord, 1995)
  • Dave Samuels: Tjader-ized : A Cal Tjader Tribute (Verve, 1998)
  • Gary Burton: For Hamp, Red, Bags, and Cal (Concord Jazz, 2001)
  • Paquito D'Rivera and his Latin Jazz Ensemble with Louie Ramírez: A Tribute to Cal Tjader (Yemayá, 2003)





Unless indicated otherwise, the text in this article is either based on Wikipedia article "Cal Tjader" or another language Wikipedia page thereof used under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License; or on original research by Jahsonic and friends. See Art and Popular Culture's copyright notice.

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