Canon  

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Mona Lisa (c. 1503–1519) is an oil painting by Leonardo da Vinci, one of the most famous paintings in the world.
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Mona Lisa (c. 1503–1519) is an oil painting by Leonardo da Vinci, one of the most famous paintings in the world.
 Greek philosophers as dead white men Illustration: Plato (left) and Aristotle (right), a detail of The School of Athens, a fresco by Raphael.
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Greek philosophers as dead white men
Illustration: Plato (left) and Aristotle (right), a detail of The School of Athens, a fresco by Raphael.

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Kunstformen der Natur (1904) by Ernst Haeckel
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Kunstformen der Natur (1904) by Ernst Haeckel

Canon is the "accepted" or "official" version or type of something. In the context of this wiki, a group of artistic works that are generally accepted as representing a field. The concept is derived from the biblical canon. It is a concept which has been attacked (esp. the Western canon) since the postmodern era but is regarded as a necessary evil in the context of education. A writer or artist has been canonized if one can point to him as a mononym, by his first or last name only. For example, there is only one Beckett, Samuel Beckett.

Etymology

From Old French canon, from Latin canōn, from Ancient Greek κανών (kanṓn, “measuring rod, standard”), akin to κάννα (kánna, “reed”), perhaps from Semitic (compare Hebrew קָנֶה (qane, “reed”)). See also cane.

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Unless indicated otherwise, the text in this article is either based on Wikipedia article "Canon" or another language Wikipedia page thereof used under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License; or on original research by Jahsonic and friends. See Art and Popular Culture's copyright notice.

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