Carolingian dynasty  

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Kunstformen der Natur (1904) by Ernst Haeckel
Kunstformen der Natur (1904) by Ernst Haeckel

The Carolingian dynasty (known variously as the Carlovingians, Carolingus, Carolings or Karlings) was a Frankish noble family with origins in the Arnulfing and Pippinid clans of the 7th century AD. The name "Carolingian" (Medieval Latin karolingi, an altered form of an unattested Old High German word *karling, kerling, meaning "descendant of Charles", cf. MHG kerlinc) The dynasty consolidated its power in the mid 8th century, eventually making the offices of mayor of the palace and dux et princeps Francorum hereditary, and becoming the de facto rulers of the Franks as the real powers behind the Merovingian throne. In 751 the Merovingian dynasty, which had ruled the Germanic Franks was overthrown with the consent of the Papacy and the aristocracy, and a Carolingian Pepin the Short was crowned King of the Franks. The Carolingian dynasty reached its peak in 800 with the crowning of Charlemagne as the first Emperor of Romans in over three centuries. His death in 814 began an extended period of fragmentation of the Carolingian empire and decline that would eventually lead to the evolution of the Kingdom of France and the Holy Roman Empire.

List of Carolingians

This is an incomplete listing of those of the male-line descent from Charles Martel:

Charles Martel (676–741) had five sons;

1. Carloman, Mayor of the Palace (711–754) had two sons;
A. Drogo, Mayor of the Palace (b. 735)
2. Pepin the Short (714–768) had two sons;
A. Charlemagne (747–814) had eight sons;
I. Pepin the Hunchback (769–811) died without issue
II. Charles the Younger (772–811) died without issue
III. Pepin of Italy (773–810) had one son (illegitimate);
a. Bernard of Italy (797–818) had one son;
i. Pepin, Count of Vermandois (b. 815) had three sons;
1. Bernard, Count of Laon (844–893) had one son;
A. Roger I of Laon (d. 927) had one son;
I. Roger II of Laon (d. 942) died without male issue
2. Pepin, Count of Senlis and Valois (846–893) had one son;
A. Pepin II, Count of Senlis, (876–922) had one son;
I. Bernard of Senlis (919–947) had one son;
a. Robert I of Senlis (d. 1004) had one son;
i. Robert II of Senlis and Peroone (d. 1028) died without male issue
3. Herbert I, Count of Vermandois (848–907) had two sons;
A. Herbert II, Count of Vermandois (884–943) had five sons;
I. Odo of Vermandois (910–946) died without issue
II. Herbert, Count of Meaux and of Troyes (b. 911–993)
III. Robert of Vermandois (d. 968) had one son;
a. Herbert III, Count of Meaux (950–995) had one son;
i. Stephen I, Count of Troyes (d. 1020) died without issue
IV. Adalbert I, Count of Vermandois (916–988) had four sons;
a. Herbert III, Count of Vermandois (953–1015) had three sons;
i. Adalbert II of Vermandois (c.980–1015)
ii. Landulf, Bishop of Noyon
iii. Otto, Count of Vermandois (979–1045) had three sons;
1. Herbert IV, Count of Vermandois (1028–1080) had one son;
A. Odo the Insane, Count of Vermandois (d. after 1085)
B. Adelaide, Countess of Vermandois (d. 1122)
2.Eudes I, Count of Ham, (b. 1034)
3.Peter, Count of Vermandois
b. Odo of Vermandois (c. 956-983)
c. Liudolfe of Noyon (c. 957-986)
d. Guy of Vermandois, Count of Soissons
V. Hugh of Vermandois, Archbishop of Rheims (920-962) died without issue
B. Berenger of Vermandois, Count of Bayeaux whose grandson was Conan I of Rennes
IV. Louis the Pious (778–840) had 4 sons;
a. Lothair I (795–855) had 4 sons;
i. Louis II of Italy (825–875) died without male issue
ii. Lothair II of Lotharingia (835–869) had 1 son (illegitimate);
1. Hugh, Duke of Alsace (855–895) died without issue
iii. Charles of Provence (845–863) died without issue
iv. Carloman (b. 853) died in infancy
b. Pepin I of Aquitaine (797–838) had 2 sons;
i. Pepin II of Aquitaine (823–864) died without issue
ii. Charles, Archbishop of Mainz (828–863) died without issue
c. Louis the German (806–876) had 3 sons;
i. Carloman of Bavaria (830–880) had 1 son (illegitimate);
1. Arnulf of Carinthia (850–899) had 3 sons;
A. Louis the Child (893–911) died without issue
B. Zwentibold (870–900) died without issue
C. Ratold of Italy (889–929) died without issue
ii. Louis the Younger (835–882) had 1 son;
1. Louis (877 - 879) died in infancy
iii. Charles the Fat (839–888) had 1 son (illegitimate);
1. Bernard (son of Charles the Fat) (d. 892 young)
d. Charles the Bald (823–877) had 4 sons;
i. Louis the Stammerer (846–879) had 3 sons;
1. Louis III of France (863–882) died without issue
2. Carloman II of France (866–884) died without issue
3. Charles the Simple (879–929) had one son;
A. Louis IV of France (920–954) had five sons;
I. Lothair of France (941–986) had two sons;
a. Louis V of France (967–987) died without issue
b. Arnulf, Archbishop of Reims (d. 1021) died without issue
II. Carloman (b. 945) died in infancy
III. Louis (b. 948) died in infancy
IV. Charles, Duke of Lower Lorraine (953–993) had 3 sons;
a. Otto, Duke of Lower Lorraine (970–1012) died without issue
b. Louis of Lower Lorraine (980–1015) died without issue, the last legitimate Carolingian
c. Charles (b. 989) died young
V. Henry (b. 953) died in infancy
ii. Charles the Child (847–866) died without issue
iii. Lothar (848–865) died without issue
iv. Carloman, son of Charles the Bald (849–874) died without issue
V. Lothair (778–780) died in infancy
VI. Drogo of Metz (801–855) died without issue
VII. Hugh, son of Charlemagne (802–844) died without male issue
VIII. Dietrich (Theodricum) (807-818)died without male issue
B. Carloman I (751–771) died without issue
3. Grifo (726–753) died without issue
4. Bernard, son of Charles Martel (730–787) had two sons;
A. Adalard of Corbie (751–827) died without issue
B. Wala of Corbie (755–836) died without issue
5. Remigius of Rouen (d. 771) died without issue

See also

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