Charles Garnier  

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Kunstformen der Natur (1904) by Ernst Haeckel
Kunstformen der Natur (1904) by Ernst Haeckel

Charles Garnier (6 November 1825 - 3 August 1898) was a French architect, designer of the Paris Opéra, the Opéra de Monte-Carlo and the Café de la Paix.


Student of Louis-Hippolyte Lebas at the École royale des Beaux-Arts de Paris beginning in 1842, he obtained the Premier Grand Prix de Rome in 1848. The subject of his final examination was entitled: "Un conservatoire des arts et métiers, avec galerie d'expositions pour les produits de l'industrie". He became a pensioner at the Académie de France à Rome from 17 January to 31 December 1849.

He traveled through Greece which provided him the subject of his fourth year submission, presented at the Paris Salon in 1853. He visited Greece with Edmond About and Constantinople with Théophile Gautier. He worked on the Temple of Aphaea in Aegina where he insisted on polychromy.

He was named in 1874, member of the Institut de France, in the architecture section of the Académie des Beaux-Arts.

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