Christa Winsloe  

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Christa Winsloe (23 December 1888 – 10 June 1944) was a 20th-century German-Hungarian novelist, playwright and sculptor, best known for her play Gestern und heute (known under several titles, see below), filmed in 1931 as Mädchen in Uniform and the 1958 remake.


She moved to Vienna in the 1920s and there achieved success in 1930 with her play Yesterday & Today which deals with pedagogical eros. On the strength of the play's acclaim, she moved to Weimar Berlin where a lesbian culture thrived. She was wealthy since she had married very young in a marriage that lasted only weeks, and thereafter her estranged husband paid her a generous allowance. She worked as an animal sculptor and had a wide circle of friends. She was a member of the SPD (German Socialist Party), and was openly bisexual. She moved to France in the late 1930s, fleeing the Nazis, and joined the French Resistance. The Nazis captured and executed her in 1944 in Vichy, France. Her novel The Child Manuela was the basis of a play and then the film Mädchen in Uniform (1931), for which she was the screenwriter.

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