Realism in film  

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"When I'm talking movies with someone—let's say it's about a movie I happen to like—the one response I dread more than any other is this: "But the movie was so unrealistic...." The notion of "realistic" is so complex and misunderstood that it's enough to bring a potentially fruitful movie conversation to a grinding standstill." -- Girish, What Is "Realistic"?

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Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.
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Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.

Realism is a very complex subject whether in the visual arts, photography, literature or in film. It is the very nature of artistic or documentary representation that it tends to alter reality, just as observation alters reality.

Some questions.

What is realism in cinematic content, realism in cinematic style?

Are there any parallels to be drawn between realism in literature and realism in film? And what about theatrical realism?

Contents

History

Italian neorealism was a cinematic movement incorporating elements of realism that developed in post-WWII Italy. Notable Neorealists included Vittorio De Sica, Luchino Visconti, and Roberto Rossellini.

Realist techniques

Realistic film genres

cinéma vérité - documentary film - kitchen sink drama - Italian neorealism - reality television - social realism

Early theorists

Siegfried Kracauer - André Bazin

Contrast

fantastic film - surrealism in film - suspension of disbelief

See also




Unless indicated otherwise, the text in this article is either based on Wikipedia article "Realism in film" or another language Wikipedia page thereof used under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License; or on original research by Jahsonic and friends. See Art and Popular Culture's copyright notice.

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