Claudian  

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Kunstformen der Natur (1904) by Ernst Haeckel
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Kunstformen der Natur (1904) by Ernst Haeckel

Claudian (lat. Claudius Claudianus) was a Roman poet, who worked for Emperor Honorius and the latter's general Stilicho.

A Greek-speaking (probably pagan) citizen of Alexandria, Claudian arrived in Rome before 395, and made his mark with a eulogy of his two young patrons, Probinus and Olybrius, thereby becoming court poet. He wrote a number of panegyrics on the consulship of his patrons, praise poems for the deeds of Stilicho, and invectives directed at Stilicho's rivals in the Eastern court of Arcadius. These efforts resulted with such gifts as the honor of the rank of vir illustris, a statue, and a rich bride selected by Stilicho's wife, Serena.

Despite his Greek origins, Claudian wrote in Latin and is one of the best late users of the language in poetry. Critics consider Claudian a good poet, if not absolutely first-rate. He is elegant, tells a story well, and his polemical passages are occasionally unmatchable in sheer entertaining vitriol; but his writing is tainted by preciousness, a flaw of the literature of his time, and his being extraordinarily cold and unfeeling.

From a historical standpoint, Claudian's poetry is a valuable, however distorted, primary source for his period. Since his poems do not record the achievements of Stilicho after 404, scholars assume he died in that year. The historical or political poems connected with Stilicho have a separate manuscript tradition to the rest of his work, and this is believed to indicate that they were published as a separate collection, perhaps by Stilicho himself after Claudian's death.

His most important non-political work is an unfinished epic, De raptu Proserpinae, whose three extant books are believed to have been written in 395 and 397.

Works

  • Panegyricus dictus Probino et Olybrio consulibus
  • De raptu Proserpinae (unfinished epic, 3 books completed)
  • In Rufinum ("Against Rufinus")
  • De Bello Gildonico ("On the Gildonic revolt")
  • In Eutropium ("Against Eutropius")
  • Fescennina / Epithalamium de Nuptiis Honorii Augusti
  • Panegyricus de Tertio Consulatu Honorii Augusti
  • Panegyricus de Quarto Consulatu Honorii Augusti
  • Panegyricus de Consulatu Flavii Manlii Theodori
  • De Consulatu Stilichonis
  • Panegyricus de Sexto Consulatu Honorii Augusti
  • De Bello Gothico ("On the Gothic War" of 402-403)
  • Lesser poems: Epithalamium Palladio et Celerinae; de Magnete; de Crystallo cui aqua inerat

See also




Unless indicated otherwise, the text in this article is either based on Wikipedia article "Claudian" or another language Wikipedia page thereof used under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License; or on original research by Jahsonic and friends. See Art and Popular Culture's copyright notice.

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