Complement
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A complement is often something that completes something else, or at least adds to it in some useful way. Thus it may be:
- Complement (linguistics), a word or phrase having a particular syntactic role
- Subject complement, a word or phrase adding to a clause's subject after a linking verb
- Phonetic complement
- Complementary, a type of opposite in lexical semantics (sometimes called an antonym)
- Complement (music), an interval that when added to another spans an octave
- Aggregate complementation (music), the separation of pitch-class collections into complementary sets
- Complementary color, in painting and optics
- Complement good (economics), a good often consumed together with another good
- Ship's complement, the number of persons in a ship's company, including both commissioned officers and crew
- Complementarianism
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Mathematics and physics
- Complement (set theory)
- Complement graph
- Self-complementary graph, a graph which is isomorphic to its complement
- Complement (group theory)
- Complement operator (regular expressions)
- Complementary angles
- Complementary event in probability
- Complementary subspaces
- Complement (complexity), relating to decision problems and complexity classes
- Complements in Boolean algebra
- Knot complement
- Logical complement
- Bitwise complement
- Orthogonal complement
- Method of complements, a method to compute addition and subtraction in mathematics
- Complemented lattice
- Schur complement
- Complement of a point, the dilation of a point in the centroid of a given triangle, with ratio −1/2
- Complementary experiments, in physics
- Complement, binary representations of negative values in computer science
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Biology and medicine
- Complement system (immunology), a cascade of proteins in the blood that form part of innate immunity
- Complementary DNA, DNA reverse transcribed from a mature mRNA template
- Complementarity (molecular biology), a property whereby double stranded nucleic acids pair with each other
- Complementation (genetics), a test to determine if independent recessive mutant phenotypes are caused by mutations in the same gene or in different genes
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See also
Unless indicated otherwise, the text in this article is either based on Wikipedia article "Complement" or another language Wikipedia page thereof used under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License; or on original research by Jahsonic and friends. See Art and Popular Culture's copyright notice.