Complement
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A complement is often something that completes something else, or at least adds to it in some useful way. Thus it may be:
- Complement (linguistics), a word or phrase having a particular syntactic role
- Subject complement, a word or phrase adding to a clause's subject after a linking verb
- Phonetic complement
- Complementary, a type of opposite in lexical semantics (sometimes called an antonym)
- Complement (music), an interval that when added to another spans an octave
- Aggregate complementation (music), the separation of pitch-class collections into complementary sets
- Complementary color, in painting and optics
- Complement good (economics), a good often consumed together with another good
- Ship's complement, the number of persons in a ship's company, including both commissioned officers and crew
- Complementarianism
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Mathematics and physics
- Complement (set theory)
- Complement graph
- Self-complementary graph, a graph which is isomorphic to its complement
- Complement (group theory)
- Complement operator (regular expressions)
- Complementary angles
- Complementary event in probability
- Complementary subspaces
- Complement (complexity), relating to decision problems and complexity classes
- Complements in Boolean algebra
- Knot complement
- Logical complement
- Bitwise complement
- Orthogonal complement
- Method of complements, a method to compute addition and subtraction in mathematics
- Complemented lattice
- Schur complement
- Complement of a point, the dilation of a point in the centroid of a given triangle, with ratio −1/2
- Complementary experiments, in physics
- Complement, binary representations of negative values in computer science
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Biology and medicine
- Complement system (immunology), a cascade of proteins in the blood that form part of innate immunity
- Complementary DNA, DNA reverse transcribed from a mature mRNA template
- Complementarity (molecular biology), a property whereby double stranded nucleic acids pair with each other
- Complementation (genetics), a test to determine if independent recessive mutant phenotypes are caused by mutations in the same gene or in different genes
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See also
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