Criticism of multiculturalism  

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Kunstformen der Natur (1904) by Ernst Haeckel
Kunstformen der Natur (1904) by Ernst Haeckel

Criticism of multiculturalism questions the ideal of the maintenance of distinct ethnic cultures within a country. Multiculturalism is a particular subject of debate in certain European nations that are associated with the idea of a single nation within their country. Critics of multiculturalism may argue against cultural integration of different ethnic and cultural groups to the existing laws and values of the country. Alternatively critics may argue for assimilation of different ethnic and cultural groups to a single national identity.

Another kind of criticism regarding multiculturalism involves a more thorough understanding of the 'host' nation's colonial history. Sneja Gunew's book Haunted Nations: The Colonial Dimensions of Multiculturalism dissects multiculturalism as a governmental strategy, which among other things serves to manage the nation's minority immigrants. According to Gunew's research, multiculturalism can serve as a mask for societies which would prefer to be perceived as "transcendently homogeneous in spite of their heterogeneity". Thus, the colonial dimensions of the nation's history proves to drastically affect a 'minority's' formation of identity, while also commodifying 'cultural difference' as fetish.

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