Dauphine of France  

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The Dauphine of France was the wife of the Dauphin of France (the heir apparent to the French throne). The position was analogous to the Princess of Wales (the wife of the heir apparent to the British throne).

Contents

Dauphine and Heir Consort of France

House of Capet

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Princess Ceased to be Princess Death Husband
100px Blanche of Castile Alfonso VIII of Castile
(Burgundy)
4 March 1188 23 May 1200 14 July 1223
became Queen
26 November 1252 Louis, Count of Artois
100px Matilda of Brabant Henry II, Duke of Brabant
(Leuven)
1224 14 June 1237 25 February 1244
husband cease to be heir presumptive
29 September 1288 Robert I, Count of Artois
100px Isabella of Aragon James I of Aragon
(Barcelona)
1247 28 May 1262 25 August 1270
became Queen
28 January 1271 Philip, Count of Orléans
100px Joan I of Navarre Henry I of Navarre
(Champagne)
14 January 1271 16 August 1284 5 October 1285
became Queen
4 April 1305 Philip, King of Navarre
100px Margaret of Burgundy Robert II, Duke of Burgundy
(Burgundy)
1290 21 September 1305 29 November 1314
became Queen
14 August 1315 Louis, King of Navarre
100px Joan II, Countess of Burgundy Otto IV, Count of Burgundy
(Capet)
15 January 1292 21 September 1305 29 November 1314
husband became heir presumptive
20 November 1316
became Queen
21 January 1330 Philip, Count of Poitou
100px Blanche of Burgundy Otto IV, Count of Burgundy
(Capet)
1296 20 May 1308 24 March 1321
husband became heir presumptive
3 January 1322
became Queen
29 April 1326 Charles, Count of La Marche
100px Mahaut of Châtillon Guy III of Châtillon, Count of Saint Pol
(Blois-Châtillon)
1293 June 1308 24 March 1322
husband became heir presumptive
early March 1324
husband cease to be heir presumptive
3 October 1358 Charles, Count of Valois
later March 1324
husband became heir presumptive
16 December 1325
husband's death
100px Joan the Lame Robert II, Duke of Burgundy
(Burgundy)
24 June 1293 July 1313 16 December 1325
husband becomes heir presumptive
29 May 1328
became Queen
12 September 1348 Philip, Count of Valois, Anjou and Maine
Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Princess Ceased to be Princess Death Husband

House of Valois

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Princess Ceased to be Princess Death Husband
100px Bonne of Bohemia John of Bohemia
(Luxembourg)
20 May 1315 6 August 1332 11 September 1349 John, Duke of Normandy
100px Joan I, Countess of Auvergne and Boulogne William XII, Count of Auvergne and Boulogne
(Auvergne)
8 May 1326 13 February 1349 22 August 1350
became Queen
29 September 1360
100px Joan of Bourbon
<ref name="Dauphine">Officially titled Dauphine of France and of Viennois.</ref>
Peter I, Duke of Bourbon
(Bourbon)
3 February 1338 8 April 1350 22 August 1350
husband became the Dauphin
8 April 1364
became Queen
6 February 1378 Charles, 1st Dauphin
100px Marie of Châtillon Charles of Blois, Duke of Brittany
(Blois-Châtillon)
1345 8 July 1360 8 April 1364
husband became heir presumptive
7 June 1366
husband cease to be heir presumptive
12 November 1404 Louis I of Naples, Duke of Anjou
21 December 1366
husband became heir presumptive
3 December 1368
husband cease to be heir presumptive
100px Margaret of Burgundy
<ref name="Dauphine"/>
John the Fearless, Duke of Burgundy
(Valois-Burgundy)
1393 31 August 1412 18 December 1415
husband's death
2 February 1441 Louis, 6th Dauphin
100px Jacqueline, Countess of Hainaut
<ref name="Dauphine"/>
William II, Duke of Bavaria
(Wittelsbach)
16 August 1401 6 August 1415 18 December 1415
husband became the Dauphin
4 April 1417
husband's death
8 October 1436 John, 7th Dauphin
100px Bonne d'Armagnac Bernard VII, Count of Armagnac
(Armagnac)
19 February 1392 15 August 1410 21 October 1422
husband became heir presumptive
3 July 1423
husband cease to be heir presumptive
1430/5 Charles, Duke of Orléans
100px Margaret Stewart of Scotland
<ref name="Dauphine"/>
James I of Scotland
(Stewart)
25 December 1424 24 June 1436 16 August 1445 Louis, 9th Dauphin
100px Charlotte of Savoy
<ref name="Dauphine"/>
Louis, Duke of Savoy
(Savoy)
11 November 1443/5 14 February 1451 22 July 1461
became Queen
1 December 1483
100px Joan of France, Duchess of Berry Louis XI of France
(Valois)
23 April 1461 8 September 1476 30 August 1483
husband became heir presumptive
11 October 1492
husband cease to be heir presumptive
4 February 1505 Louis II, Duke of Orléans
6 December 1495
husband became heir presumptive
8 September 1496
husband cease to be heir presumptive
2 October 1496
husband became heir presumptive
July 1497
husband cease to be heir presumptive
early 1498
husband became heir presumptive
7 April 1498
became Queen consort
100px Claude of France Louis XII of France
(Valois-Orléans)
14 October 1499 18 May 1514 1 January 1515
became Queen
20 July 1524 Francis, Count of Angoulême
100px Marguerite of Angoulême Charles, Count of Angoulême
(Valois-Angoulême)
11 April 1492 2 December 1509 1 January 1515
husband became heir presumptive
28 February 1518
husband cease to be heir presumptive
21 December 1549 Charles IV, Duke of Alençon
100px Catherine de' Medici
<ref name="Dauphine"/>
John the Fearless, Duke of Burgundy
(Medici)
13 April 1519 28 October 1533 10 August 1536
husband became the Dauphin
31 March 1547
became Queen
5 January 1589 Henry, 16th Dauphin
100px Mary, Queen of Scots
<ref name="Dauphine"/>
James V of Scotland
(Stewart)
8 December 1542 24 April 1558 10 July 1559
became Queen
8 February 1587 Francis, 17th Dauphin
100px Margaret of Valois Henry II of France
(Valois-Angoulême)
14 May 1553 18 August 1572 19 June 1584
husband became heir presumptive
2 August 1589
became Queen
27 March 1615 Henry III, King of Navarre
Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Princess Ceased to be Princess Death Husband

House of Bourbon

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Princess Ceased to be Princess Death Husband
100px Charlotte Marguerite de Montmorency Henri I de Montmorency
(Montmorency)
11 May 1594 17 May 1609 27 September 1601
husband cease to be heir presumptive
2 December 1650 Henri de Bourbon, Prince of Condé
100px Marie de Bourbon
Duchess of Montpensier
Henri de Bourbon, Duke of Montpensier
(Bourbon-Montpensier)
15 October 1605 6 August 1626 4 June 1627 Gaston d'Orléans,
"Monsieur"
100px Marguerite de Lorraine Francis II, Duke of Lorraine
(Lorraine)
22 July 1615 2 to 3 January 1632 5 September 1638
husband cease to be heir presumptive
13 April 1672
100px Henrietta Anne of England and Scotland Charles I of England and Scotland
(Stuart)
26 June 1644 31 March 1661 1 November 1661
husband cease to be heir presumptive
30 June 1670 Philippe de France,
"Monsieur"
100px Duchess Maria Anna Victoria of Bavaria
<ref name="Dauphine"/>
Ferdinand Maria, Elector of Bavaria
(Wittelsbach)
28 November 1660 7 March 1680 20 April 1690 Louis,
"le Grand Dauphin", 20th Dauphin
100px Princess Marie Adélaïde of Savoy
<ref name="Dauphine"/>
Victor Amadeus II of Sardinia
(Savoy)
6 December 1685 7 December 1697 14 April 1711
husband became the Dauphin
12 February 1712 Louis,
"le Petit Dauphin", 21st Dauphin
100px Françoise Marie de Bourbon
Légitimée de France
Louis XIV of France
(Bourbon (Illegitimate))
25 May 1677 18 February 1692 1 September 1715
husband became heir presumptive
2 December 1723
husband's death
1 February 1749 Philippe d'Orléans,
Regent of France
100px Auguste Marie Johanna of Baden-Baden Louis William, Margrave of Baden-Baden
(Zähringen)
10 November 1704 13 July 1724 8 July 1726 Louis d'Orléans,
Duke of Orléans
100px Maria Teresa Rafaela of Spain
<ref name="Dauphine"/>
Philip V of Spain
(Bourbon)
11 June 1726 23 February 1745 22 July 1746 Louis Ferdinand, 24th Dauphin
100px Louise Henriette de Bourbon,
Mademoiselle de Conti
Duchess of Étampes
Louis Armand de Bourbon, Prince of Conti
(Bourbon-Conti)
20 June 1726 17 December 1743 22 July 1746
Maria Teresa dies<ref>At the death of Maria Teresa in 1746, Louise Henriette was the Duchess of Chartres and ranked as the most senior French Princess at court after the Queen and her may daughters</ref>
9 February 1747
Maria Josepha of Saxony became Dauphine of France
9 February 1759 Louis Philippe d'Orléans
100px Maria Josepha of Saxony
<ref name="Dauphine"/>
Augustus III of Poland
(Wettin)
4 November 1731 9 February 1747 20 December 1765
husband death
13 March 1767 Louis Ferdinand, 24th Dauphin
100px Louise Marie Adélaïde de Bourbon
Mademoiselle de Penthièvre
Louis Jean Marie de Bourbon, Duke of Penthièvre
(Bourbon-Penthièvre)
13 March 1753 8 May 1768 16 May 1770
Maria Antonia of Austria became Dauphine<ref>At the death of Maria Josepha in 1765, the rank of First Princess was empty. When Marie Adélaïde married Philippe d'Orléans in 1768, she was the most senior noble lady after the Queen, her daughters and the daughters of Maria Josepha</ref>
23 June 1821 Philippe Égalité
100px Archduchess Maria Antonia of Austria
<ref name="Dauphine"/>
Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor
(Habsburg-Lorraine)
2 November 1755 16 May 1770 10 May 1774
became Queen
16 October 1793 Louis Auguste, 25th Dauphin
100px Marie Josephine of Savoy Victor Amadeus III of Sardinia
(Savoy)
20 May 1315 16 April 1771 10 May 1774
husband became heir presumptive
22 October 1781
husband cease to be heir presumptive
12 September 1348 Louis Stanislas, Count of Provence
French First Empire (1804–1814)
First Bourbon Restoration (1814–1815)
Hundred Days (1815)
Second Bourbon Restoration (1814–1815)
100px Princess Marie Thérèse of France
<ref name="Dauphine"/>
Louis XVI of France
(Bourbon)
19 December 1778 10 June 1799 16 September 1824
husband became the Dauphin
2 August 1830
became Queen
19 October 1851 Louis Antoine, Duke of Angoulême
July Monarchy (1830–1848)
Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Princess Ceased to be Princess Death Husband

Princess Imperial of France

No officially titled Prince Imperial ever married. This is only a list of wife of heir presumptive of the French Empire.

House of Bonaparte

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Princess Ceased to be Princess Death Husband
100px Marie Julie Clary François Clary 26 December 1771 1 August 1794 20 May 1804
husband became heir presumptive
20 March 1811
husband cease to be heir presumptive
7 April 1845 Joseph Bonaparte, King of Spain
22 June 1815
husband became heir presumptive
7 July 1815
husband cease to be heir presumptive
Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Princess Ceased to be Princess Death Husband

Princess Royal of France

House of Orléans<ref>Sometimes known as the House of Bourbon-Orléans</ref>

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Princess Ceased to be Princess Death Husband
100px Helen of Mecklenburg-Schwerin Frederick Louis, Hereditary Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
(Mecklenburg-Schwerin)
24 January 1814 30 May 1837 13 July 1842
husband's death
17 May 1858 Ferdinand Philippe, Prince Royal
French Second Empire (1852–1870)
Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Princess Ceased to be Princess Death Husband

Notes

Template:Reflist

See also





Unless indicated otherwise, the text in this article is either based on Wikipedia article "Dauphine of France" or another language Wikipedia page thereof used under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License; or on research by Jahsonic and friends. See Art and Popular Culture's copyright notice.

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